Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Transverse Colon


We've learned about the first part of the large intestine, called the ascending colon.
After the used up food goes up the ascending colon which is on the right side of your body, it turns and goes across your stomach area, all the way to the left side of your body.

This tube that takes the food from the right side to the left is called your transverse colon.


The transverse colon gets water and salt from the food as it takes it over to the other side of your body.

(from: wikipedia - transverse colon)

The word transverse means going across.

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Forearm Pronators

Monday, September 29, 2014

Tunisia


Tunisia is a country on the North East part of Africa.
It is on the Mediterranean Sea, and is very close to Italy.


(from: wikipedia - tunisia)

The flag of Tunisia is a red rectangle, with a white crescent and star in the middle.
The red is for the blood of the people in their fight for freedom.
The white is for peace, and the crescent and star are for the beliefs of the people of Tunisia.

(from: wikipedia - flag of tunisia)

To eat in Tunisia you might have lablabi, which is a soup made with chick peas, garlic and cumin spice served with bread.

(from: wikipedia - lablabi)

In the city of El Djem there are some very large old buildings, like a giant ampitheater where people used to watch performances.

(from: wikipedia - tunisia)

The flower Jasmine is very popular in Tunisia.

If a man is wearing white jasmine on his left ear, it means he is not married.
If someone gives another person white jasmine it means they are in love.
And if someone gives another person jasmine that is does not have any nice smell it means they are not being nice.


(from: wikipedia - culture of tunisia)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Russia

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Parable of the Wedding Banquet


We just learned about Jesus' teaching stories called the Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Weeds the Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl, the Parable of the Wandering Sheep, and the Parable of the Unmerciful Servant.

Another Parable Jesus told is called the Parable of the Wedding Banquet.

He told the story of a king whose son was getting married so he was going to throw a big party.

The king sent his servants off to go invite people to the party, but when they did no one would come to the party.
So he sent more servants with news about how great the party was going to be.
Some of the people ignored the servants saying they were too busy, and others actually killed his servants!

The king was very mad, so he sent his army off to go destroy the bad people.

After that he told the servants to go invite anyone and everyone they could find.
When they did that the party was a great success.

Jesus wasn't telling people that they have to go to wedding parties.
He was telling his followers that he was inviting them to the big party in heaven.
Many people that were invited said they were just too busy for Jesus, and some people mistreated him.

He invited everyone, and the people that believe in him get to come to the big party in heaven.


(from: wikipedia - parable of the wedding feast)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: John

Saturday, September 27, 2014

Saturn - Pioneer 11, Voyager 1 & 2

We've learned about space exploration of Mercury, Venus, Mars and Jupiter.

Next up is Saturn!

On April 6, 1973 the Pioneer 11 spacecraft was launched into space. It took 6 years to get to Saturn. When it got there it flew very close and took pictures of the planet, the rings and moons.

On September 5, 1977 the Voyager spacecraft was launched into space. It took 3 years to get to Saturn and sent back very good pictures of the planet, it's rings and moons.
One of Saturn's moons called Titan is very interesting because it has air and water like earth.
The Voyager got very close to Titan, but the sky around it was cloudy so we could not take pictures.

On August 20, 1977 the Voyager 2 spacecraft was launched into space. It took 4 years to get to Saturn and sent back very good pictures of the rings, moon and planet.

On both of the Voyager spacecrafts was something called the Golden Record.
On one side of the record were pictures and the other side were sounds.
They hoped that if anyone ever found our spacecraft they would know that intelligent life was out in space.



(from: wikipedia - voyager golden record)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Planetary System

Friday, September 26, 2014

Spanish - Counting to eighty nine


We just learned how to count to 79 in Spanish, let's keep going!

80 ochenta - sounds like oh-chen-tah /?/
81 ochenta y uno - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee oo-n-oh /?/
82 ochenta y dos - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee doh-ss /?/
83 ochenta y tres - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee t-day-ss /?/
84 ochenta y cuatro - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee koo-ah-t-doh /?/
85 ochenta y cinco - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee see-n-koh /?/
86 ochenta y seis - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee say-ss /?/
87 ochenta y siete - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee see-ay-tay /?/
88 ochenta y ocho - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee oh-choh /?/
89 ochenta y nueve - sounds like oh-chen-tah ee noo-ay-vay /?/

association of spanish language academies
(from: wikipedia - Association of Spanish Language Academies)

Do you remember how to say it in French?
French - quatre-vingts, quatre-vingts-un, quatre vingt deux, quatre vingt trois, quatre vingt quatre, quatre vingt cinq, quatre vingt six, quatre vingt sept, quatre vingt huit, quatre vingt neuf

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Titanium


Titanium is a very hard metal, that is not very heavy.
Because of this it is very good for use in things like spaceships that need to be very light.

It is not magnetic, and does not carry heat or electricity very well.

(from: wikipedia - titanium)

The scientist who discovered titanium named it after the old Greek stories of Titans who were giants with great strength.

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lava

Wednesday, September 24, 2014

Colossal Squid


An invertibrate is an animal without a skeleton, like an Octopus or squid.

The largest invertibrate ever discovered is the colossal squid.

It was discovered in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica.
The colossal squid was around 40 feet long, that's about 7 times taller than a normal person, and as tall as a four story house!

We don't know much about the colossal squid, because we've only ever seen a few in real life!

(from: wikipedia - colossal squid)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ostrich

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Ascending Colon


We've learned how after food leaves your small intestine, it goes to your cecum.

After the food leaves your cecum, it continues in a tube that goes up on the right side of your body called the ascending colon.

The job of the ascending colon is to get water and salt from the food as it goes through the last part of your digestive system.

(from: wikipedia - ascending colon)

The word ascending means going up.

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Forearm Extensors

Monday, September 22, 2014

Chad


Chad is one of the larger countries in Africa, it is in the middle of the Northern part of the continent.

(from: wikipedia - chad)

The flag of Chad is three stripes, blue yellow and red.
The blue is for the sky, hope and water.
The yellow is for the sun and the desert.
The red is for the progress, unit and sacrifice.

(from: wikipedia - flag of chad)

To eat in Chad you might have smoked cooked alestes, which is a type of fish.

(from: wikipedia - alestes)

Clean water is not easy to get in Chad, so many people have to walk miles to get buckets of water to bring back to their town.

(from: wikipedia - chad)

The balafon is a type of musical instrument in Chad. It is a kind of wooden xylophone.

(from: wikipedia - balafon)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Iceland

Sunday, September 21, 2014

Parable of the Unmerciful Servant



We just learned about Jesus' teaching stories called the Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Weeds the Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl and the Parable of the Wandering Sheep.

Another Parable Jesus told is called the Parable of the Unmerciful Servant.

He told his followers about a king who had servants who owed him money, and he wanted them all to pay back the money they owed.

One man owed him ten thousand bags of gold!
The king ordered that this man and his wife and children would be sold to be slaves because they owed so much.

The servant begged the king to please just give him time and he would pay back all the gold he owed.
The king felt sorry for the servant, so he told him that he didn't have to pay back any of the ten thousand bags of gold!

After the servant left the king, he found one of his own servants who owed him only a hundred silver coins, which is worth a lot less than ten thousand bags of gold.
He grabbed his own servant, choked him and yelled at him to pay back the money he owed.
The other servant begged to give him time and he would pay it all back.
But the first servant said no and had his own servant thrown in jail!

The king found out what the first servant did, and was very mad at him.
The king had let the first servant go and said he didn't have to pay back the ten thousand bags of gold,
but the first servant threw the second servant in jail for only one hundred silver coins.
So he had the first servant thrown into jail because he did not treat his other servant the same way he was treated.

Jesus told this story because he wanted us to understand that we need to forgive other people when they do something wrong,
just like he forgives us when we do something wrong.

One of Jesus' followers asked him if he should forgive someone who did something wrong to them seven times.
Jesus said not just seven times but seventy-seven times!

He didn't mean count up to seventy-seven and then that's it, he was trying to say that you should always forgive other people because God always forgives you.


(from: wikipedia - parable of the unforgiving servant)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Luke

Saturday, September 20, 2014

Jupiter - Pioneer, Voyager, Ulysses, Cassini-Huygens, New Horizons


We've learned about space exploration of Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.

Next up is Jupiter!

We launched many spacecrafts to go fly by Jupiter and take close pictures.
Pioneer 10 in 1972, Pioneer 11 in 1973.
Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were both launched in 1977.
Ulysses was launched in 1990.
Cassini-Huygens was launced in 1997.
New Horizons was launched in 1006.

All of the spacecraft took about 2 years to get to Jupiter, and most of them continued flying on to look at other planets.

voyager 1
(from: wikipedia - voyager 1)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Interstellar Cloud

Friday, September 19, 2014

Spanish - Counting to seventy nine


We just learned how to count to 69 in Spanish, let's keep going!

70 setenta - sounds like say-sen-tah /?/
71 setenta y uno - sounds like say-sen-tah ee oo-n-oh /?/
72 setenta y dos - sounds like say-sen-tah ee doh-ss /?/
73 setenta y tres - sounds like say-sen-tah ee t-day-ss /?/
74 setenta y cuatro - sounds like say-sen-tah ee koo-ah-t-doh /?/
75 setenta y cinco - sounds like say-sen-tah ee see-n-koh /?/
76 setenta y seis - sounds like say-sen-tah ee say-ss /?/
77 setenta y siete - sounds like say-sen-tah ee see-ay-tay /?/
78 setenta y ocho - sounds like say-sen-tah ee oh-choh /?/
79 setenta y nueve - sounds like say-sen-tah ee noo-ay-vay /?/

association of spanish language academies
(from: wikipedia - Association of Spanish Language Academies)

Do you remember how to say it in French?
French - soixante-dix, soixante et onze, soixante-douze, soixante-treize, soixante-quatorze, soixante-quinze, soixante-seize, soixante dix sept, soixante dix huit, soixante dix neuf

Thursday, September 18, 2014

Sulfur


Sulfur is a chemical found on our planet that has many uses.

It burns very well, so the chemical on the end of a match stick is sulfur.

Sulfur is also very smelly, and smells like rotten eggs. It is the smell in skunk spray that makes it so bad!

sulfur
(from: wikipedia - sulfur)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: LEDs

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Blue Tang


We've learned about the clownfish that everyone knows from Finding Nemo, now let's learn about what kind of fish Dory was!

Dory was a Blue Tang fish, also known as a blue surgeonfish.
It's fancy science name is paracanthurus hepatus.

The real blue tang doesn't forget things all the time, but if it is scared it can turn it's skin a little see-through (also known as transparent) to help hide from other fish that want to eat it!
paracanthurus blue tang fish
(from: wikipedia - paracanthurus)



Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Kiwi

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Cecum


We've learned now how food travels down your esophagus to your stomach, then through the parts of your small intestine.

After your mushed up food leaves your small intestine, it goes into part of your large intestine called the cecum.
cecum
(from: wikipedia - cecum)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Forearm Flexors

Monday, September 15, 2014

Senegal


Senegal is a country on the north west part of Africa, right on the Atlantic Ocean.
senegal
(from: wikipedia - senegal)

The flag of senegal is a green stripe, a yellow stripe with a green star in the middle, and a red stripe.
The green, yellow and red are the Pan-African colors that are shared by many other African countries to help join the countries together as one continent.
The green stripe and star are for hope, the yellow is for arts, learning and money and the red is for the blood of the people fighting for the country.
flag of senegal
(from: wikipedia - flag of senegal)

To eat in Senegal you might have thiéboudienne, which is fish flavored with parsley, lemon, garlic and onions, then cookied with tomato paste and vegetables and served with rice.
thieboudienne
(from: wikipedia - senegalese cuisine)

In Senegal the people use salt wells to help get valuable salt from the ground.
salt wells
(from: wikipedia - sine-saloum)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Belgium

Sunday, September 14, 2014

Parable of the Wandering Sheep


We just learned about Jesus' teaching stories called the Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Weeds and the Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl.

Another parable Jesus told was the Parable of the Wandering Sheep.

Jesus told his followers about a shepherd who had a hundred sheep.
Even though he had a hundred sheep, if just one of them wanders off he goes off to find it.
And when he finds the sheep he is very happy that day that he found it.

He told his followers that we are like the sheep and Jesus is the shepherd.
He cares for every single one of us, even though there are many people on the earth.

parable of the wandering sheep
(from: wikipedia - parable of the lost sheep)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mark

Saturday, September 13, 2014

Mars - Pathfinder, Opportunity, Spirit & Curiosity


We've learned about the spacecrafts that flew near the planet Mars, and the ones that landed on the planet to take measurements.

The latest and best spacecrafts to visit Mars have been rovers.
These are types of spacecrafts that travel to the planet, then a small thing like a car drives around the planet studying it and sending information back to scientists on Earth.

The US has had some really good luck sending rovers to Mars!

1997 - Mars Pathfinder
2003 - Two rovers: Opportunity and Spirit
2012 - Curiosity

These rovers have really helped us learn about the planet Mars, the dirt and air and send back lots of great pictures!
curiosity rover
(from: wikipedia - curiosity (rover))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Black Dwarf

Friday, September 12, 2014

Spanish - Counting to sixty nine


We just learned how to count to 59 in Spanish, let's keep going!

60 sesenta - sounds like say-sen-tah /?/
61 sesenta y uno - sounds like say-sen-tah ee oo-n-oh /?/
62 sesenta y dos - sounds like say-sen-tah ee doh-ss /?/
63 sesenta y tres - sounds like say-sen-tah ee t-day-ss /?/
64 sesenta y cuatro - sounds like say-sen-tah ee koo-ah-t-doh /?/
65 sesenta y cinco - sounds like say-sen-tah ee see-n-koh /?/
66 sesenta y seis - sounds like say-sen-tah ee say-ss /?/
67 sesenta y siete - sounds like say-sen-tah ee see-ay-tay /?/
68 sesenta y ocho - sounds like say-sen-tah ee oh-choh /?/
69 sesenta y nueve - sounds like say-sen-tah ee noo-ay-vay /?/

association of spanish language academies
(from: wikipedia - Association of Spanish Language Academies)

Do you remember how to say it in French?
French - soixante, soixante et un, soixante-deux, soixante-trois, soixante-quatre, soixante-cinq, soixante-six, soixante-sept, soixante-huit, soixante-neuf

Thursday, September 11, 2014

Oxygen


Oxygen might just be the most important element for humans on the whole planet.

The air we breathe has oxygen that goes into our lungs, which is carried off to parts of our body in our blood.

Water is made up of the chemicals hydrogen and oxygen.

When you burn wood in a fireplace, the fire needs oxygen to keep burning.

And remember that all elements can be gas, liquid or solid depending on how hot or cold they are?

Liquid oxygen is super cold, almost -300 degrees!
When we sent a space shuttle up into outer space, we used a huge tank full of liquid oxygen to burn because it is such great fuel.
oxygen
(from: wikipedia - oxygen)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Electroluminescence

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Kakapo


The kakapo is a type of parrot that lives in New Zealand.

It is not like a normal parrot, because it can not fly!
The kakapo lives on the ground and hunts for food at night.

Because it does not fly, the kakapo is a heavy slow bird and has been hunted by people and other animals a lot.
The kakapo has a very good sense of smell, and also has a special smell on it's body that other kakapos can smell from far away.

kakapo
(from: wikipedia - kakapo)

Other animals sometimes can smell the kakapo smell and then they come and eat the kakapo. There are not that many kakapos left, so they are an endangered species and the people of New Zealand are trying to protect them.

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Hedgehog

Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Villi


We've learned now that the duodenum, ileum and jejunum are all part of the small intestine.

Inside your intestines are small things along the walls like little fingers.
These are called your intestinal villus, or just one of them is called a villi.

They are very small, and they help the intestines absorb all the good things from your food that your body needs.
intestinal villus
(from: wikipedia - intestinal villus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Calf Muscle

Monday, September 8, 2014

Malawi


Malawi is a country in Africa, in the south east part of the continent.
malawi
(from: wikipedia - malawi)

The flag of Malawi is a black stripe with a red rising sun in the middle, a red stripe and a green stripe.
The black stripe is for the African people, the red rising sun is for hope and freedom, the red stripe is for the people fighting for their country, and the green is for nature.

malawi flag
(from: wikipedia - flag of malawi)

To eat in Malawi you might have kachumbari, which is a salad made with tomatoes, onions and chili peppers.
kachumbari
(from: wikipedia - kachumbari)

Lake Malawi is the ninth largest lake in the world.
lake malawi
(from: wikipedia - lake malawi)

Not every place in Malawi has electricity, so a man named William Kamkwamba found a way to make a windmill using old bicycle parts and some scraps from old things people had thrown away.
He used the windmill to give electricity to some things in his house, and people are trying to do the same thing in other parts of the country because they can't afford electricity where they live.
kamkwamba windmill
(from: wikipedia - william kamkwamba)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Austria

Sunday, September 7, 2014

Parables of the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl


We just learned about Jesus' teaching stories called the Parable of the Sower and the Parable of the Weeds

Another two parables Jesus told were called the Hidden Treasure and the Pearl.

Jesus told his followers that the kingdom of heaven was like a treasure someone found in a field.
When they found it, they wanted the treasure so badly that they sold everything he had just so that they could have that treasure.

He said the kingdom of heaven is like someone who is looking for beautiful pearls. When they found one pearl it was so beautiful and valuable that they sold everything they had just to buy that pearl.

Jesus isn't telling us to go buy fields and pearls or to hunt for hidden treasure.
He is telling us that following his teachings and wanting to get to heaven should be so important to us that we want it more than anything else in the world.
parable of the hidden treasure
(from: wikipedia - parable of the hidden treasure)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Matthew

Saturday, September 6, 2014

Mars 2 - 6, Viking 1 & 2


We've learned about the space exploration of Mars and the spacecrafts that got near the planet.
There have also been space crafts that have landed on Mars and studied the planet.

The Russian space program had their Mars program:

Mars 2 was launched May 19, 1971, and crash landed on the planet.
Mars 3 was launched May 28, 1971, landed on the planet and sent back information for 14.5 seconds before it stopped working.
Mars 6 was launched August 5, 1973, and crash landed on the planet.

The US NASA space program had their Viking program:

The Viking 1 was launched August 20, 1975
The Viking 2 was launched September 9, 1975
Both of these spacecrafts had orbiters and landers. The orbiters circled the planet taking pictures, and then launched landers to the ground.
The landers then did scientific experiments on the ground to test the dirt and the air.

viking program
(from: wikipedia - viking program)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: White Dwarf

Friday, September 5, 2014

Spanish - Counting to fifty nine


We just learned how to count to 49 in Spanish, let's keep going!

50 cincuenta - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah /?/
51 cincuenta y uno - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee oo-n-oh /?/
52 cincuenta y dos - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee doh-ss /?/
53 cincuenta y tres - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee t-day-ss /?/
54 cincuenta y cuatro - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee koo-ah-t-doh /?/
55 cincuenta y cinco - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee see-n-koh /?/
56 cincuenta y seis - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee say-ss /?/
57 cincuenta y siete - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee see-ay-tay /?/
58 cincuenta y ocho - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee oh-choh /?/
59 cincuenta y nueve - sounds like see-n-koo-en-tah ee noo-ay-vay /?/

association of spanish language academies
(from: wikipedia - Association of Spanish Language Academies)

Do you remember how to say it in French?
French - cinquante, cinquante et un, cinquante-deux, cinquante-trois, cinquante-quatre, cinquante-cinq, cinquante-six, cinquante-sept, cinquante-huit, cinquante-deux,

Thursday, September 4, 2014

Potassium


Potassium is another metal that is found on the earth.
It is very soft, and can easily be cut with a knife.

If you put potassium in a glass of water, it will make a big explosion!

When the potassium is in the water, it mixes up with hydrogen and oxygen.
As it is mixing together, the chemicals let off a lot of heat.
With all that heat, some of the hydrogen gas lights on fire, and then it goes kaboom!

We have potassium in our bodies, but it's not the same as the potassium metal that explodes.
It's sort of like what's left from the mixed up potassium after the big explosion, so it's safe.
potassium
(from: wikipedia - potassium)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Photons

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Clownfish


Clownfish are little orange and white fish that live in the ocean.
The fancy name for a clownfish is amphiprioninae.

They're very well known from the movie Finding Nemo!

Usually clownfish make their homes right in an anemone's tentacles.
The anemones have poison on their tentacles that they use to sting and kill other fish, but the clownfish don't get hurt!

Clownfish have a slimy coating called mucus that is different from other fish, so the sea anemones don't try and sting them.
Because clownfish have lived in anemones for so long, their bodies can survive after being stung by some of the anemone poision.

The clownfish and anemone have what is called a symbiotic relationship.
That means they are two animals that work together to help each other out.

When clownfish live in the anemone, they are protected from fish that would try to eat them up.
They also sometimes eat some of the food leftover from an anemone's meal.
The clownfish helps keep the anemone clean, and it might sound yucky but the anemone actually eats the pee and poop from the clownfish!

clownfish
(from: wikipedia - amphiprioninae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Porcupine

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Small intestine


We've learned now that the duodenum connects to the jejunum, which connects to the ileum.

These tubes are all part of what is called the small intestine.

The small intestine is very long and winds around in your body in the area below your stomach.
If you measured your small intestine from the end where it starts, all the way around each winding turn to where it ends, it would be around 20 feet long.
That's 3 times taller than most people!

small intestine
(from: wikipedia - small intestine)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Quadriceps

Monday, September 1, 2014

Zimbabwe


Zimbabwe is a country in the southeast part of Africa.

zimbabwe map
(from: wikipedia - zimbabwe)

The flag of Zimbabwe has seven stripes of green, gold, red, black, red, gold, green.
It has a white triangle on the left side, and in the triangle is a red star with a yellow bird.

The yellow, black, green and red are part of the shared pan-African colors of other African countries.
The green is for the plants and land, the gold is for the minerals like gold or iron that come from the ground, the black is for independence and the red is for the fight for freedom.
The star is for the fight for freedom, and the bird is for the history of Zimbabwe.

(from: wikipedia - flag of zimbabwe)

To eat in Zimbabwe you might have some meat sausage called Boerewors.
boerewors
(from: wikipedia - boerewors)

There is an ancient city in Zimbabwe called Great Zimbabwe, where people can go to see the ruins of a very old place.
great zimbabwe
(from: wikipedia - great zimbabwe)

Some of the people of Zimbabwe use the horns of the kudu as a musical instrument.
zimbabwe kudu
(from: wikipedia - zimbabwe)

The two people who first created the boy scouts met in Zimbabwe. They both agreed that there should be a group to teach boys things about scouting, and they came up with many great ideas of how to do it. They later returned to their homes in England and America and started the boy scouts.
burnham baden powell
(from: wikipedia - zimbabwe)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Romania