Thursday, December 31, 2015

Firestorm


We just learned that a fire whirl is a spinning column of burning air.

A firestorm is when a large area like a forest or a city is on fire, and the fire is so large that it starts making it's own wind that blows the fire around.

Sometimes the wind is so strong that it creates fire whirls, so the fire is spreading everywhere and there are fire like tornadoes spinning around.


(from: wikipedia - firestorm)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dew Point

Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Keeshond


We just learned about the type of dog the Samoyed.

Another type of dog is the keeshond.

This type of dog is very fuzzy with black and grey fur.
It's name comes from a famous old Dutch person nicknamed Kees, and the word hond which meant dog.
Because it was a famous dog of a Dutch person, and because it always seems to be happy it has the nickname of the "Smiling Dutchman".

(from: wikipedia - keeshond)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Silk Webs

Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Heart - Blood Flow


We've now learned about all of the arteries and veins that pump blood all over the body.

The part of the body that does the pumping is the heart, which has 4 chambers that we've already learned about.

Deoxygenated blood comes into the Right Atrium and then goes to Right Ventricle.
The Right Ventricle pushes the blood to the lungs to get oxygen, then the oxygenated blood comes into the Left Atrium.
The blood then goes into the Left Ventricle which sends the blood to all parts of the body, and it comes back to the Right Atrium where we started.

So it goes Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Lungs, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Body, Right Atrium.

(from: wikipedia - heart)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Aortic Arch

Monday, December 28, 2015

Great Bear Lake


We just learned about Lake Baikal in Russia.

The next largest lake is Great Bear Lake in Canada.

It is the largest lake inside of Canada, and the top of the lake is frozen over for 8 months out of the year.
People even drive trucks over the lake!
There is a lot of fishing there, and the largest lake trout ever caught by a line was there at 72 pounds.

(from: wikipedia - great bear lake)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Idaho

Sunday, December 27, 2015

Third John


We just learned about the book of Second John.

John wrote one last letter that we call Third John.

He wrote to his friend to tell him that he was coming to visit, and that he was coming to help their friends and work against some people who were doing bad things to the church.

A well known part of third John is:

Dear friend, do not imitate what is evil but what is good. Anyone who does what is good is from God. Anyone who does what is evil has not seen God.


(from: wikipedia - john the evangelist)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Last Supper - Communion

Saturday, December 26, 2015

Revolving Torsion - Gabo


We just learned about the work of art Dance. An Objectless Composition by Alexander Rodchenko.

Another famous work of art is the sculpture Revolving Torsion by Russian artist Naum Gabo.

This was another constructivist work of art.

(from: wikipedia - naum gabo)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Great Wave Off Kanagawa

Friday, December 25, 2015

Italian Alphabet

We just learned how to Count to ten in Italian.

The Italian alphabet is just like the English alphabet, but they don't use the letters J, K, W, X or Y.

Those letters can be used in Italian, but they are usually for words that were brought over to Italian from another language, like the words Kiwi or Yogurt.

academy of the bran
(from: wikipedia - accademia della crusca)


- The German alphabet has the letters ä, ö, ü, ß

The Spanish alphabet:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G
H, I, J, K, L, LL, M, N, Ñ
O, P, Q, R, RR, S, T, U
V, W, X, Y, Z

The French alphabet:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G
H, I, J, K, L, M, N
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U
V, W, X, Y, Z

Thursday, December 24, 2015

Fire Whirl


We just learned about the dust devil.

Another type of whirlwind is a fire whirl.

A fire whirl has a core that is on fire, and a pocket of spinning air.
It can get very hot, up to 2,000 °F, the wind speeds can get up to 100 mph, and they can last for an hour or more.


(from: wikipedia - fire whirl)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Stationary Front

Wednesday, December 23, 2015

Samoyed


We just learned about the type of dog the American Eskimo Dog.

Another type of dog is the samoyed.

This dog was known as sled dogs and herdings dog for reindeer in the cold and snowy parts of Sibera in Russia.

They have a tail that curls up right over and rests on their back, and they can use it when sleeping to keep warm.
Their fur is a double coat, and some people have collected their fur to use in fur coats.

They are very happy dogs that always look like they are smiling, so they have the nickname of Sammie smiles or smiley dogs.

(from: wikipedia - samoyed (dog))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Gossamer Silk Ballooning

Tuesday, December 22, 2015

Pulmonary Artery


We just learned about the right ventricle pumps deoxygenated blood out of the heart to get filled up with oxygen at the lungs.

The deoxygenated blood leaves the heart through the pulmonary artery and goes to the lungs in capillaries.

It might seem strange that even though it is carrying deoxygenated blood it is called an artery instead of a vein.

The reason it is called an artery is because it is bringing blood away from the heart, and veins all pump toward the heart. So after the blood gets filled with oxygen, it brings oxygenated blood back to the heart in the pulmonary vein



(from: wikipedia - pulmonary artery)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ascending Aorta

Monday, December 21, 2015

Lake Baikal


We just learned about the lake Lake Tanganyika.

Another lake is called Lake Baikal. It is a very deep lake, and has more water in it than any other lake in the world.

It is also a very old lake, at 25 million years old!


(from: wikipedia - lake baikal)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Hawaii

Sunday, December 20, 2015

Second John


We just learned about the book of First John.

John wrote another letter that is called Second John.
He writes to the church to tell them to keep believing in the teachings of Jesus.

(from: wikipedia - second epistle of john)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Last Supper - Judas Betrayal

Saturday, December 19, 2015

Dance. An Objectless Composition - Rodchenko


We just learned about the work of art Tatlin's Tower.

Another famous work of art is the painting Dance. An Objectless Composition by Russian artist Alexander Rodchenko in 1915.

This was another painting in the Constructivist movement.

Rodchenko used scales and compasses to make lines and shapes to try and get rid of the extra styling from normal paint brush strokes that he thought were not needed.

(from: wikipedia - alexander rodchenko)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: American Gothic - Grant Wood

Friday, December 18, 2015

Italian - Six, Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten

We Counted to five now let's count to ten in Italian!


6 sei - sounds like say-ee /?/
7 setto - sounds like set-oh /?/
8 otto - sounds like oh-toh /?/
9 nove - sounds like no-vay /?/
10 dieci - sounds like dee-ay-chee /?/

academy of the bran
(from: wikipedia - accademia della crusca)

In German:
seis, sieben, acht, neun, zehn

In Spanish:
seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez

In French:
six, sept, huit, neuf, dix

Thursday, December 17, 2015

Dust Devil


We just learned that about the type of storm called a supercell.

Another thing like a tornado is called a dust devil.

These are spinning air that happens without any kind of a thunderstorm around.

Since they happen a lot in the day time, some people in the past thought they were like ghosts.
In the middle east they are sometimes called djin, the word for genie.


(from: wikipedia - dust devil)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Occluded Front

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

American Eskimo Dog


We just learned about the type of dog the Whippet.

Another type of dog is the American Eskimo dog.

There are sizes of this dog, toy, miniature and standard.

These dogs became famous because a few different circuses were using them as show dogs, and one dog was even trained to walk on a tightrope.
Because the dogs were so popular, the circus would sell American Eskimo puppies after the show.

(from: wikipedia - american eskimo dog)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Silk Glands

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Right Ventricle


We just learned that the right atrium fills up with deoxygenated blood from the body.

After that the blood goes into the right ventricle which pumps the blood out of the heart and over to the lungs to get filled up with oxygen.


(from: wikipedia - ventricle (heart))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Aorta

Monday, December 14, 2015

Lake Tanganyika


We just learned about Lake Michigan.

The next largest lake is Lake Tanganyika.

The lake is touching the countries of Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, and Zambia.

It is not the biggest lake in the world, but it is the longest lake.


(from: wikipedia - lake tanganyika)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Georgia

Sunday, December 13, 2015

First John


We just learned about the book of Second Peter.

The next book of the bible is the book of First John which was a letter that John wrote to tell people that God is perfect and that we should try to live our lives in love.

God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in them.

(from: wikipedia - john the evangelist)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Last Supper

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Tatlin's Tower - Tatlin


We just learned about the work of art Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge by Lissitzky.

Another famous work of art is Tatlin's Tower, designed by Vladimir Tatlin in 1919 to be built in Russia.

The tower was never built because there wasn't enough money, but it was supposed to be a very large metal tower bigger than the Eiffel Tower in France, and there are smaller models of what it would have looked like.

It was supposed to be a really big tower to show how modern, strong and successful the Russians were.

(from: wikipedia - tatlin's tower)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Girl with a Pearl Earring

Friday, December 11, 2015

Italian - One, Two, Three, Four, Five

Let's count to five in Italian!

1 uno - sounds like oo-no /?/
2 due - sounds like doo-ay /?/
3 tre - sounds like t-day /?/
4 quattro - sounds like coo-ah-t-doh /?/
5 cinque - sounds like chee-n-coo-ay /?/

academy of the bran
(from: wikipedia - accademia della crusca)

In German:
Ein, zwei, drei, veir, fünf

In Spanish:
Uno, dos, tres, quatro, cinco

In French:
Un, deaux, trois, quatre, cinq

Thursday, December 10, 2015

Supercell


We just learned that the mesocyclone is when spinning wind lifts up into the air.

A supercell is when a mesocyclone happens in a thunderstorm.


(from: wikipedia - supercell)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Warm Front

Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Whippet


We just learned about the type of dog the Greyhound

Another type of dog is a whippet.

The whippet is a lot like a greyhound, just smaller.

Since they are smaller they were used long ago to hunt rabbits, and sometimes people race whippets to see which is the fastest.

(from: wikipedia - whippet)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Spinnerets

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Right Atrium


We just learned about the jugular vein that brings deoxygenated blood from the head and neck down toward the heart.

All of the arteries in the push blood away from the heart, and all of the veins bring blood back toward the heart.

We learned about the superior and inferior vena cava that brings blood back into the heart.
That goes right into the right atrium a chamber in the heart that fills up with deoxygenated blood.


(from: wikipedia - atrium (heart))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Left Ventricle

Monday, December 7, 2015

Lake Michigan


We just learned about Lake Huron.

The next largest lake is Lake Michigan, which is part of Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin.

Lake Michigan is the largest lake that is only touching one country.

There are many beaches on the east coast of this lake, so many that it has the nickname the Third Coast, after the Pacific and Atlantic ocean coasts.
There are many large sand dunes along the east coast of the lake.


(from: wikipedia - lake michigan)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Florida

Sunday, December 6, 2015

Second Peter


We just learned about the book of First Peter

Saint Peter also wrote another book, and it is called Second Peter.

In this book he reminds people not to listen to bad teachers, and that God will come again some day but we won't know when and it could be a really really long time from now.

(from: wikipedia - second epistle of peter)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as King

Saturday, December 5, 2015

Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge - Lissitzky


We just learned about the famous work of art Black Square by Malevich.

Another famous work of art is the painting Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge by Russian artist Lazar Markovich Lissitzky, also known as El Lissitzky in 1919.

In Russia there was a big fight between two groups of people called the red party and the white party.
The artist El Lissitzky liked the red party, so he made this poster to show the red party beating the white party.

Lissitzky's art was known as constructivism which meant it wasn't just art to look at,
it was made to help do something like help change people's minds in a war.
He also did a lot of work coming up with ideas for new buildings.


(from: wikipedia - beat the whites with the red wedge)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Luncheon of the Boating Party

Friday, December 4, 2015

Italian - Dog, Cat


We just learned that to ask if someone speaks Italian you say Parli italiano?.

To say dog in Italian, you say cane and it sounds like kah-nay  /?/

To say cat in Italian, you say gatto and it sounds like gah-toh  /?/

academy of the bran
(from: wikipedia - accademia della crusca)

To say it in German:
Hunt, Katze

To say it in Spanish:
perro, gato

To say it in French:
chien, chat

Thursday, December 3, 2015

Mesocyclone


We just learned that tornadogenesis means the way a tornado starts.

Many tornadoes are started from a mesocyclone.

This happens when wind starts spinning around, and then lifts up into the air.
The air spins up higher and gets bigger and turns into a mesocyclone.

(from: wikipedia - mesocyclone)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cold Front

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

Greyhound


We just learned about the type of dog the .

Another type of dog is the greyhound.

The greyhound is the fastest dog in the world, and they can run 40 miles per hour.
This isn't as fast as a cheetah, but it's way faster than any human can run.

Greyhounds are sometimes raised to be used on racetracks, to race against other greyhounds.

(from: wikipedia - greyhound)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Hearts & Blood

Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Jugular Vein


We just learned about the Digital Veins that bring deoxygenated blood back from the fingers toward the heart.
So we've now learned about all the veins of the legs and the arms.

There is a big vein in the neck called the jugular vein, that brings deoxygenated blood back from the head toward the heart.

There are two jugular veins, the external and internal. The internal one is more inside the middle of the neck, and the external one is more toward the outside of the neck.

You can feel your pulse in the jugular vein in your neck.

After the jugular there are about 50 other small veins that connect to the brain, eyes, ears, mouth and every part of your body.


(from: wikipedia - external jugular vein)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Left Atrium

Monday, November 30, 2015

Lake Huron


We just learned about Lake Victoria in Africa.

The next largest lake in the world is Lake Huron.

It is connected to the US State of Michigan, and the Canadian province of Ontario.


(from: wikipedia - lake huron)

The largest island in any lake in the world is on Lake Huron, called Manitoulin Island.


(from: wikipedia - manitoulin island)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Delaware

Sunday, November 29, 2015

First Peter


We just learned about the book of James.

Another book of the bible is First Peter who wrote a letter to some of the churches in his area.

He wrote to tell people to stay strong even if people were treating them badly for being Christians,
He told them how they should e acting, and reminded them about Jesus.

One famous saying from the book is:

Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult. On the contrary, repay evil with blessing, because to this you were called so that you may inherit a blessing.


(from: wikipedia - saint peter)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Plans to kill Jesus

Saturday, November 28, 2015

Black Square - Malevich


We just learned about the famous painting Dynamic Hieroglyph of the Bal Tabarin by Gino Severini.

Another famous work of art is Black Square by Russian artist Kazimir Malevich in 1915.

This art was part of something called suprematist art.
This type of art used simple shapes like circles, squares, lines and rectangles
painted in simple colors like black, white, grey or brown.


(from: wikipedia - black square (painting))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Persistence of Memory - Salvador Dali

Italian - Do you speak Italian?


Remember that to say thank you in Italian, you say grazie.

To ask if someone speaks Italian, you say Parli italiano?.

It sounds like pah-r-lee ee-tah-lee-ah-no   /?/

To say yes you would say which sounds like see  /?/
or to say no you would say no which sounds like no  /?/


academy of the bran
(from: wikipedia - accademia della crusca)

To say it in German:
Sprechen Sie Deutsch?.

To say it in Spanish:
¿Hablas español?

To say it in French:
parlez-vous français?

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Tornadogenesis


We just learned about how tornadoes can appear different in the sunlight.

Tornadogenesis is the way a tornado starts.

We know there are a lot of different kinds of tornadoes, and they all start in different ways.


(from: wikipedia - tornadogenesis)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Weather Fronts

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Newfoundland


We just learned about the type of dog the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

Another type of dog is the Newfoundland.


(from: wikipedia - newfoundland (dog))

The newfoundland is a very big strong dog, that is great at swimming.
It has webbed feet almost like a duck, and it swims very well.
The newfoundland is so good at swimming, that they sometimes are used as rescue dogs for people that are drowning.


(from: wikipedia - newfoundland (dog))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Lungs

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Digital Veins


We just learned about the Superficial Palmar Venous Arch.

The veins in the fingers are called the digital veins.

(from: wikipedia - palmar digital veins)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pulmonary Vein

Monday, November 23, 2015

Lake Victoria


We just learned about Lake Superior.

The next largest lake is Lake Victoria in the continent of Africa, bordering the countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania

It is the largest tropical lake in the world, which means it is very close to the equator.


(from: wikipedia - lake victoria)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Connecticut

Sunday, November 22, 2015

James


We just learned about all of the letters that Paul wrote.

The next book of the Bible after the Pauline Epistles is the book of James.

James wrote about many things, but one of his most famous was talking about how having faith in God is great, but you still have to live by the faith that you believe in and work hard to do what God wants you to do.

James 2:26 says:

As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is dead.


(from: wikipedia - james (brother of jesus))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Jesus Transfiguration

Saturday, November 21, 2015

Dynamic Hieroglyph of the Bal Tabarin - Severini


We just learned about the famous work of art The City Rises by Umberto Buccioni.

Another famous work of art is the painting Dynamic Hieroglyph of the Bal Tabarin by Italian painter Gino Severini in 1912.

This was another futurist painting, showing a bunch of dancers moving around and looking lively.


(from: wikipedia - gino severini)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Scream of Nature

Friday, November 20, 2015

Italian - Please, You're Welcome


Remember that to say thank you in Italian, you say grazie.

To say please in Italian is per favore.
It sounds like pay-er fah-voh-ray /?/.

And to say you're welcome, you say prego and it sounds like pray-goh /?/.

academy of the bran
(from: wikipedia - accademia della crusca)

To say it in German:
bitte, bitte schön

To say it in Spanish:
Por favor, de nada

To say it in French:
s'il vous plait, de rien

Thursday, November 19, 2015

Tornado Appearance


We just learned that Tornado Rotation in the northern hemisphere is usually counter clockwise.

Sometimes tornadoes can look really big and scary, and other times they don't look all that big.

A lot of that has to do with where the sunlight is, whether it's behind or in front of the tornado.

If the tornado is in front of the sun, it looks very dark and scary because the light is behind it.
If the sun is behind someone who is looking at a tornado, the light is shining on the tornado and it can make it not look as dangerous.


(from: wikipedia - tornado)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Deposition

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever


We just learned about the Flat Coated Retriever

The last and smallest type of retriever dog is the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

This dog is an orange brown color and is good at helping hunters catch ducks.
The dog will go play out in the water, and the ducks swim over to see what is going on.
This is called tolling.
Then the hunter calls the dog back and he stands up, which scares the ducks and makes them fly away, and he can try to shoot them.


(from: wikipedia - nova scotia duck tolling retriever)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spider Esophagus

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Superficial Palmar Venous Arch


We just learned about the Dorsal Venous Network of the Hand

The veins on the bottom or palm side of your hand are called the Superficial Palmar Venous Arch.

These veins are much smaller and can't really be seen from the skin, but they are right up along the arteries in the palm.

(from: wikipedia - superficial palmar venous arch)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Capillaries

Monday, November 16, 2015

Lake Superior


We just learned about the lake the Caspian Sea

The next largest lake is Lake Superior, which is a fresh water lake.
It is the largest lake that is not connected to the ocean like the Caspian Sea.
Superior is connected to the US states of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota, and the Canadian province of Ontario.

Superior was called Gitche Gumee by the Native Americans, which means a great sea.
There was an old ship called the Edmund Fitzgerald that sank in Lake Superior, and it is still there today on the bottom of the lake.


(from: wikipedia - lake superior)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Colorado

Sunday, November 15, 2015

Paul's Letter to Philemon


We just learned about Paul's Letter to Titus.

The last letter Paul wrote was to his friend Philemon.

He wrote about a friend of his named Onesimus, and asked that his friend Philemon would take care of him, because Paul was in jail.

(from: wikipedia - paul the apostle)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Jesus tells his apostles that he will be killed

Saturday, November 14, 2015

The City Rises - Boccioni


We just learned about the famous work of art Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash by Giacomo Balla.

Another famous work of art is the painting The City Rises by Italian Painter Umberto Boccioni in 1910.

Just like Giacomo Balla, this artist was also famous for painting in the style of Futurism.

In this painting, there are things like buildings in the background, but most of the painting is people and horses that are all blended together.

The artist painted them in this way to try and make them look like there was a lot of action and movement.

(from: wikipedia - the city rises - (boccioni))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel