Friday, December 16, 2016

ASL - Six, seven, eight, nine, ten

We Counted to five now let's count to ten in ASL!

Remember for 1-5 your palm was facing toward you.
For 6-9, hold your hand out in front of you, with your palm facing away from you.
Hold up all your fingers, but hold down one for each number:

6 - Pinky finger.
7 - Ring finger.
8 - Tall finger.
9 - Index finger.

For 10, close your fist, put your thumb up, and wiggle your hand around.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Numbers 1-10 | Sign Language - My Smart Hands

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: sei, setto, otto, nove, dieci

German: seis, sieben, acht, neun, zehn

Spanish: seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez

French: six, sept, huit, neuf, dix

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Pig Iron

We've now learned about Sponge Iron and Wrought Iron.

Another type of iron made in a forge is pig iron.

This is iron after it has gone through a blast furnace, it is stirred and stirred while heated.
There are a lot of things called impurities in the metals, that make the iron harder to work with or not look as nice.
After heating and stirring, the metal can be cooled and turned into little metal bricks nicknamed "pigs".

They got this nickname because the way the iron was made in molds, it looked like a bunch of little piglets with a larger mother pig.

When they broke off the small pieces from the mother sow, they called them pigs.

(from: wikipedia - pig iron)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dust Devil

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Snake - Molting

We just learned about Snake Scales.

Another part of snake biology is when snakes shed their skin, called molting, sloughing or ecdysis.

Snake skin cane get dirty, worn out, and even covered with bugs like mites or ticks.
So to keep their skin fresh they will peel off the outside layer and have fresh skin and scales underneath.

Usually when a snake is getting ready to shed its skin, it goes and hides somewhere safe.
Then the new layer of skin underneath the old layer gets gooey and slippery.
The snake finds a rough or sharp thing to catch the dry outer skin on, then they keep slithering along.
Just like pulling a sock off, the snake pulls its old skin off and then goes on its way with a nice clean fresh skin.

Younger snakes can shed their skin 4 times a year, and an older snake may only shed their skin 1 or 2 times a year.

(from: wikipedia - snake scale)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: American Eskimo Dog

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Autonomic nervous system

Remember we learned that the Nervous System is split up into two parts, the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS).
And that part of the Peripheral Nervous System is the Somatic Nervous System.

Another part of the Peripheral Nervous System is the Autonomic Nervous System.

This part of your nervous system controls your internal organs, like your heart, stomach or liver.

(from: wikipedia - autonomic nervous system)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Right Ventricle

Monday, December 12, 2016

Coast Mountains

We just learned about the Yukon Ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera.

Another mountain range in the Pacific Coast Belt is the Coast Mountains.
On the west side of these ranges is a temperate rainforest, which then leads to ice fields and glaciers in the middle, and on the east side is plateaus and forests.

This mountain range has the largest bunch of ice fields in the world.

(from: wikipedia - coast mountains)

(from: wikipedia - coast mountains)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Tanganyika

Sunday, December 11, 2016


We just learned about the Bible person Esau.

Another person from the bible was Jacob.

Jacob was Esau's younger twin brother.
The Bible says that when Jacob was born, he was holding on to Esau's leg.

One time when Esau came back starving from hunting, he was so hungry he gave Jacob his birth right in trade for a bowl of stew.

Jacob was always his mother Rebekah's favorite, because he helped out around the camp while Esau was out hunting.
One day when his father Isaac was going to give his blessing to Esau, Jacob went in and tricked his father into giving him the blessing instead.
Isaac was blind, but Esau was very hairy, so Jacob put on some fur to pretend to be him, and Isaac gave him the blessing.

Esau was so mad at Jacob that he wanted to kill him, so Jacob ran away from home, and didn't come back to see Esau again for a long time.

Later on Jacob's name gets changed to Israel

(from: wikipedia - jacob)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: First John

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Shrine of the Three Kings

We just learned about the Brunswick Lion.

Another Romanesque art sculpture is the Shrine of the Three Kings.

These are three golden sarcophagi, which are boxes for holding people's bodies after they have died.

The three people whose bodies are in the boxes are said to be Three Wise Men or Three Kings from the Bible that brought gifts to Jesus.

They are made of wood, then covered with gold and silver, and over 1,000 jewels and beads, and even some cameos.

The golden outside has 74 sculpted pictures of apostles, prophets, and stories from the Bible.

(from: wikipedia - shrine of the three kings)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tatlin's Tower

Friday, December 9, 2016

ASL - One, two, three, four, five

Let's count to five in ASL!

All of these are with your hand out in front of you, and your palm facing toward you.
Hold up these fingers for each number:

1 - Index finger.
2 - Index finger and tall finger.
3 - Index finger, tall finger and thumb. (not ring finger!)
4 - Index finger, tall finger, ring finger and pinky.
5 - All five fingers.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Numbers 1-10 | Sign Language - My Smart Hands

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: uno, due, tre, quattro, cinque

German: Ein, zwei, drei, veir, fünf

Spanish: Uno, dos, tres, quatro, cinco

French: Un, deaux, trois, quatre, cinq

Thursday, December 8, 2016

Blast Furnace

We just learned about the Wrought Iron.

Another tool for metal working is the Blast Furnace.

A blast furnace is like a giant bloomery, so it's a big chimney with ore going in the top, fire and air getting blown into the bottom, and it burns for a long time.

(from: wikipedia - blast furnace)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Supercell

Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Snake - Scales

We just learned about the Snake's Internal Orgas.

Another thing that makes snakes different is their scales.

Snakes scales are used to help them slither along the ground, or even to climb trees.
The scales help them feel vibrations on the ground, meaning that an animal is near.
They help them stay warm and hold in the water so they can live in hot places, and they help the snake hide.

Even though snake scales have some color, they are mostly see through, and the color comes from the skin underneath their scales.
Their scales have many different shapes depending on where the scales are on their body, like their head, belly, back or tail.

(from: wikipedia - snake scale)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Whippet

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Brachial Plexus

We just learned about the Coccygeal Plexus.

Another part of the nervous system is the Brachial Plexus.

These are the nerves coming from the lower cervical nerves (C5, C6, C7, C8), and the first thoracic nerve (T1).

It controls feeling and movement in the chest, shoulder, arm and hand.

(from: wikipedia - brachial plexus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Right Atrium

Monday, December 5, 2016

Yukon Ranges

We just learned about the Talkeetna Mountains in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera.

Another famous mountain range is the Yukon Ranges in Alaska and Canada.

There are a bunch of other smaller "sub ranges" inside the Yukon ranges, called the Anvil Range, Dawson Range, Miners Range, Nisling Range, Ogilvie Mountains, Nahoni Range, Pelly Mountains, Big Salmon Range, Glenlyon Range, Saint Cyr Range, Ruby Range, Russel Range and Wrangell Mountains.

The Wrangell Mountains are mostly from volcanoes, and are some of the largest shield volcanoes in the US.

(from: wikipedia - yukon ranges)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Michigan

Sunday, December 4, 2016


We just learned about the person from the Bible named Rebekah.

Another person from the Bible is Esau.

Esau was the first child of Isaac and Rebekah.
Even from the day he was born, he was very hairy.

He grew up to be a hunter, and his father Isaac really liked him because he was strong and good at hunting.

The story of Esau is told in Genesis chapters 25 - 36.

(from: wikipedia - esau)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Second Peter

Saturday, December 3, 2016

Brunswick Lion

We just learned about the Muiredach's High Cross.

Another famous sculpture is the Brunswick Lion, made in the year 1166 in Brunswick Germany.

The statue was made for the Duke Henry the Lion who lived at Dankwarderode castle.

It weighs almost 2,000 lbs, is almost 6 feet tall and is over 9 feet long.
The statue is a hollow bronze sculpture, and was the first large hollow casting like that in a very long time.

There is an old folk tale about the Duke Henry the Lion, saying that he went on a trip and saw a lion battling a dragon.
He helped the lion and together they killed the dragon.
So the lion became his friend, and came home with him.

(from: wikipedia - brunswick lion)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge - Lissitzky

Friday, December 2, 2016

ASL - Dog, Cat

We just learned how to ask if someone speaks ASL.

To say dog in ASL, first pat your thigh a few times with your hand, like you are calling your dog over.
Then hold your hand out with your fingers closed and your palm facing up.
Snap your fingers twice, but it doesn't matter if it makes sound.
These motions are like if you were calling your dog over.

To say cat in ASL, you make the hand shape for the letter F, which also looks like the sign for OK.
Hold it up by the side of your mouth, but with your pointer and thumb not closed yet.
Pinch your fingers together, and pull them to the side.
This motion is like if you were a cat and had whiskers, and you were pulling on your whiskers.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Lesson 9: Animal Signs - Look! We're Learning!

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: cane, gatto

German: Hunt, Katze

Spanish: perro, gato

French: chien, chat

Thursday, December 1, 2016

Wrought Iron

We just learned about Sponge Iron made in a bloomery.

Sponge iron is then turned into wrought iron.
After the sponge iron is made, it has a bunch of holes in it and is very messy.
A blacksmith can take the sponge iron, hammer it a lot, reheat it and keep hammering away at it to get it in better shape, and that is called wrought iron.

When it is all finished, the iron looks nicer and is easier to work with and shape.

(from: wikipedia - wrought iron)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mesocyclone

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Snake - Internal Organs

We just learned about the Snakes - forked tongue.

The parts inside a snake body called the internal orgas all work a lot like a human's, but in a snake they are spread out along it's body.
Because snakes eat big meals and their body stretches out, their organs have to be able to move around or get squished when they are trying to eat something really big.

(from: wikipedia - snake)

1 – esophagus, 2 – trachea, 3, 4 & 5 – lungs, 6 – heart, 7 – liver, 8 – stomach, 13 – intestine

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Greyhound

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Coccygeal plexus

We just learned about the Sacral Plexus.

The next nerve at the bottom of your spinal column is the Coccygeal Plexus.

This nerve helps tell your body when it is time to go to the bathroom.

(from: wikipedia - coccygeal plexus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Jugulary Vein

Monday, November 28, 2016

Talkeetna Mountains

We just learned about the Chugach Mountains.

Another mountain range in the Pacific Coastal Belt is the Talkeetna Mountains.

There is a glacier on this mountain called the Mint Glacier, and there is a Mint Valley, and even mountain peaks called the Troublemint and Doublemint peaks.

(from: wikipedia - talkeetna mountains)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Huron

Sunday, November 27, 2016


We just learned about the Biblical person Isaac.

When Isaac grew up, he married a woman named Rebekah.

She was very pretty, and also a very nice and helpful.

One day when one of Isaac's servants was going to get water, he saw Rebekah and she came and helped him.

He came back to Isaac and told him how great she was, and they got married.

(from: wikipedia - rebecca)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: First Peter

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Muiredach's High Cross

We just learned about the Aberlemno Sculptured Stones.

Another ancient sculpture is the Muiredach's High Cross in County Louth, Ireland.

This is 19 foot tall sandstone cross, with many carvings on it of biblical scenes like David and Goliath or Moses.

It was made to honor either an old king or monk named Muiredach.

(from: wikipedia - muiredach's high cross)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Black Square - Malevich

Friday, November 25, 2016

ASL - Do you speak ASL?

To ask if someone speaks ASL, you might first want to find out if they are deaf or if they are hearing.

The sign for "deaf" is to use your right hand, with your index finger pointing up, touch it to your temple, and then just below your mouth.

The sign for "hearing" is with your right hand, and your index finger pointing to the left, move it in front of your mouth almost like you are brushing your teeth.

The sign for "sign" is with two hands, using your fingers pointing left and right at each other, spin them around each other like a wheel going backwards.

Remember the sign for "you" is just pointing your finger at someone, and the sign for "I" or "me" is pointing at your chest.

ASL is very different than other languages because you would simply say "you deaf", "you hearing" or "you sign".
It's very important to use your face and body to also show what you are saying.
If you are asking a question, make a face like you are asking a question, or lean forward toward the person.
Also many people who are deaf are very good at reading lips, so you can still move your lips or even speak out loud if you are speaking to a deaf person.

To answer "yes" in ASL, you make a fist with your hand, and move it up and down, almost like a puppet's head nodding.

To answer "no" you put your first and second fingers with your thumb, almost like a puppet's mouth, and open and close them twice.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

Sign Language Basics : Sign Language: Deaf or Hearing? Do You Sign? - expertvillage

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Parli italiano?

German: Sprechen Sie Deutsch?

Spanish: ¿Hablas español?

French: parlez-vous français?

Thursday, November 24, 2016

Sponge Iron

We just learned about the Bloomery used to make metal from iron ore.

After the iron ore is put through the bloomery, it creates something called a bloom or sponge iron.

This usually has a bunch of holes in it, and needs to be hammered and put back in the bloomery before it can be used.

(from: wikipedia - bloomery)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tornadogenesis

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Snakes - Forked Tongue

Let's learn more about Snake Biology.

Snakes have a forked tongue.

When they stick their wet tongue out, it gets covered with smelly stuff from the air and the ground.
They bring their tongue back in their mouth, and a part of their body called the Jacobson's organ, the vomeronasal organ or just VNO tells the snake what smells are on the tongue.

Because their tongue is forked, they can tell which smells were from the left, and which were from the right.

So in a way, they smell with their tongue, but their tongue really just gets covered in smells and brings those smells back to a sort of inside nose in their head.

(from: wikipedia - vomeronasal organ)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Newfoundland

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Sacral Plexus

We just learned about the Lumbar Plexus.

Further down the spinal cord is the Sacral Plexus.

These nerves help control the back thigh, lower leg, foot and pelvis.

(from: wikipedia - sacral plexus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Digital Veins

Monday, November 21, 2016

Chugach Mountains

We just learned about the Kenai Mountains.

Another mountain range in the Pacific Coast Belt in Alaska is the Chugach Mountains.

These mountains are right by the Gulf of Alaska, and because of that they get more snowfall than anywhere else in the world, usually getting over 600 inches (50 feet!) of snow per year.

(from: wikipedia - chugach mountains)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Victoria

Sunday, November 20, 2016


We just learned about the person from the Bible named Sarah.

Another person from the Bible is Isaac.

Isaac was the only son of Abraham and Sarah.

When Isaac was young, God told Abraham to take him up to a mountain and offer him as a sacrifice.
This was very scary for Abraham because he loved Isaac, but he feared God so much that he did what God told him to do.
He took Isaac up to the mountain, but when God saw how much Abraham feared him and would follow his orders, he had Abraham sacrifice a sheep instead.
Because he was so faithful to God, he promised that he would bless all of Abraham and Isaac's children and grandchildren.

The Bible tells of Isaac's life in Genesis chapters 21 - 35.

(from: wikipedia - isaac)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: James

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Aberlemno Sculptured Stones

We just learned about the Stenkvista Runestone.

Another ancient sculpture is the group of sculptured stones in Scotland, called the Aberlemno Sculptured Stones.

This is a group of 5 stones, all carved hundreds of years ago and placed as markers in important areas.

(from: wikipedia - aberlemno sculptured stones)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dynamic Hieroglyph of the Bal Tabarin - Severini

Friday, November 18, 2016

ASL - Please, You're Welcome

Remember that to say thank you in ASL, you move your hand away from your chin, toward the other person..

To say please in ASL you make the "5" handshape with your hand, then put it flat on your chest, and make a circle, like you are rubbing your chest.

There are a few different ways to say you're welcome.
The word welcome in ASL really means more like welcome to my home, so you don't want to sign that.
The easiest way is just to do the ASL sign for thank you again.
You can also do the sign for fine which is the "5" handshape, with your fingers pointed up, touch your thumb to your chest two times.
Another way is to do the sign for nothing, to say "it's nothing". For this sign, you put both your hands in the ASL "O" handshape, and shake them in front of you.

Here are what the 5 and O handshapes look like:

5 handshape:

O handshape:

(from: wiktionary - appendix:sign language handshapes)

Here are some helpful videos showing these signs:

Manners Signs - Kathy MacMillan

How to say "You're Welcome" in ASL? (Responses to "Thank You" in American Sign Language) - Meredith ASL

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: per favore, prego

German: bitte, bitte schön

Spanish: Por favor, de nada

French: s'il vous plait, de rien

Thursday, November 17, 2016


We just learned about the Iron Ore that is used to get iron for blacksmithing.

One way to get the iron out of that iron ore is using something called a Bloomery.

A bloomery is like a chimney, where a fire is made at the bottom with charcoal, iron ore is poured into the top, and there are are holes on the bottom that help bring in air for the fire to keep burning.

(from: wikipedia - bloomery)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tornado Appearance

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Snake Biology

We just learned about 39 different types of snakes!.

Let's learn a little bit about how a snake's body works.

Snakes have many of the same body parts like we do, like hearts, lungs, vertebrae, but they are smaller, stretched out, or in different places.

One thing we have that snakes don't have is ears outside their body!
Long ago people used to do something called snake charming, where they would play a flute and a snake would rise up out of a basket like it was in a trance.
The trick really was the way the flute was being moved, because the snake couldn't really hear the flute!

(from: wikipedia - snake)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Tuesday, November 15, 2016

Lumbar Plexus

We just learned about the Subcostal Nerve.

Another group of nerves is called the Lumbar Plexus.

These are connected to your spinal cord in your lower back, and they help control and get messages from your stomach, back, thighs and upper legs.

(from: wikipedia - lumbar plexus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Superficial Palmar Venous Arch

Monday, November 14, 2016

Kenai Mountains

We just learned about the Pacific Coast Belt group of mountain ranges that are part of the North American Cordillera group of mountain belts.

There are many mountain ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt, like the Kenai Mountains.

The Kenai mountains are in Alaska, and are between 3,000 to 5,000 feet tall.
There have many glaciers on these mountains, as well as rivers that are very popular for fishing.

The mountains were named after the Kenai natives who lived in the area.

(from: wikipedia - kenai mountains)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Superior

Sunday, November 13, 2016


We just learned about Abraham from the Bible.

Abraham's wife in the Bible was named Sarah.

Just like Abraham started out as Abram, Sarah's name started out as Sarai.
When Sarai traveled with Abram to Egypt, Abram was worried that bad people might hurt him so they could take Sarai from him, so he lied and said she was his sister.
The Pharoah took Sarai as his wife, but then bad things like plagues came to his kingdom.
He found out that Abram had lied, so he made him leave Egypt.

Sarai was sad because she could not have any children for a long time.
When she was 90 years old God told her she would have a child!
She laughed because she thought she was too old, but she did have a son the following year.
God was happy with Sarai and changed her name to Sarah.

The Bible tells the story of Sarah in Genesis Chapters 11 - 23.

(from: wikipedia - sarah)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Paul's Letter to Philemon

Saturday, November 12, 2016

Stenkvista Runestone

We just learned about the Gero Cross.

Another ancient sculpture from the same time, was the Stenkvista Runestone.

This was made in Sweden, where was a large stone carved near a grave to honor someone who had passed.
In the northern countries of Europe, they believed in the mythical Norse gods like Thor.

On the rune stone, you can see what looks like an upside down capital letter T.
That is Thor's hammer Mjölnir.

The words carved in the stone are in old letters called runes, and the words mean:
Helgi and Freygeirr and Þorgautr raised the rune-decorated landmark in memory of Þjóðmundr, their father.

(from: wikipedia - stenkvista runestone)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The City Rises - Boccioni

Friday, November 11, 2016

ASL - Very good thanks, and you?

We just learned how to say How are you? in ASL.

To respond, you might say "Very good thanks, and you?".

Remember we already learned the sign for good, moving the hand away from the chin.
The sign for good and thank you are almost exactly the same.
Usually the only difference might be that for "thank you" instead of moving your hand down, you move your hand out toward the other person and then down.
Or you can have your left base hand out for good, but not for thank you.

Then to say "and you", you would just do the same sign for "How are you?" that we learned.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Signs "How are you?" - teachmesignlanguage

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Molto bene, grazie.

German: Sehr gut, danke. Und Sie?

Spanish: Muy bien gracias. ¿Y tú?

French: Très bien, merci. Et vous?

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Iron Ore

We just learned about Heat Treatment.

Let's learn about how the blacksmith gets the metal for the forge.

The metal used most often by blacksmiths is iron, which comes from iron ore.

This is a type of metal that is found inside of other rocks and minerals, like hematite, goethite, limonite and siderite.

(from: wikipedia - iron ore)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tornado Rotation

Wednesday, November 9, 2016


We just learned about the Timor Python.

Another type of snake is the anaconda.

This is the heaviest snake in the world, usually growing to around 150 pounds.
The largest anaconda ever found was over 200 pounds!

Their eyes and nose are on the top of their head, so when they are hiding in the water they only need a little bit of their body in the air to breathe.

(from: wikipedia - anaconda)

These snakes are not venomous, they are constrictors so they kill their prey by squeezing them.
They are so large that they can eat tapirs, deer, capybaras, caimans, jaguars, and even other anacondas.

(from: wikipedia - green anaconda)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Flat Coated Retriever

Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Subcostal Nerve

We just learned about the Intercostal Nerves which comes from the Thoracic nerves T1-T11.

The last of the Thoracic nerves T12 is tied to the Subcostal Nerve.

This nerve helps control your stomach muscles, and gives feeling to the skin on the sides of your body.

(from: wikipedia - subcostal nerve)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dorsal Venous Network of the Hand

Monday, November 7, 2016

Pacific Coast Belt

We just learned that the North American Cordillera is a group of five different mountainous areas in North America.

The first area is called the Pacific Coast Belt.

This belt contains four mountain ranges: The Southern Alaska ranges, the Western System of Canada, the Pacific Border Province in contiguous U.S. and the Western mountain ranges of Mexico.

(from: wikipedia - Pacific Coast Ranges)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Caspian Sea

Sunday, November 6, 2016


We just learned about Noah.

Noah had children and his children had children and so on through many generations.

Someone's children, grandchildren and great grandchildren are called their descendants.

One of the descendants of Noah was called Abraham.

When Abraham was younger, he was known as Abram.
God told Abram to leave his home and go travel to a place he would lead him.

Abram promised to follow God, and his name was changed to Abraham.
God promised Abram that he would have many descendants, and he had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac.

The Bible tells the story of Abraham in Genesis Chapters 11 - 25.

(from: wikipedia - abraham)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Paul's Letter to Titus

Saturday, November 5, 2016

Gero Cross

We just learned about the Golden Madonna of Essen.

Another ancient sculpture is the Gero Cross, carved around 965 AD.

This crucifix is over six feet tall, and is made out of oak wood, painted, and gilded with some gems.
The oval and sun rays behind the crucifix were added about 700 years later.

It is different from other sculptures of the time, because other crucifixes showed Christ alive with his eyes open looking out.
This crucifix shows him after he died on the cross, looking sad.
Many other crucifixes made after this one copied the same style.

(from: wikipedia - gero cross)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash - Balla

Friday, November 4, 2016

ASL - How are you?

We just learned how to say Hello, Goodbye and Good Morning in ASL.

If you want to say How are you? in ASL, you start with how.

The hand shape you start with is like the "Bent B".

ASL bent b
(from: wiktionary - appendix:sign language handshapes)

It's like the Bent B, but not exactly the same.
Keep your thumb up, bend your hand, point your fingers down, and your palm is facing down.
You do this with both hands, have them meet in front of you with the backs of your fingers facing each other.

Then rotate your hand at the wrist, bringing your fingers up toward the inside of your body until they are pointed up.

After that make the hand shape for "1" with your index finger, and point at the person you're talking to.

A lot of ASL also uses your face and your body, so it helps if you lean forward to show that you are interested in how someone is.

Here is a helpful video showing this sign, and also a way to say "What's up?" that you might say to your close friends:

ASL Signs "How are you?" - teachmesignlanguage

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Come va? Molto bene, grazie.

German: Wie geht es Ihnen? Sehr gut, danke.

Spanish: ¿Cómo estás? Muy bien, gracias.

French: Comment allez-vous? Très bien, merci.