Friday, December 16, 2016

ASL - Six, seven, eight, nine, ten

We Counted to five now let's count to ten in ASL!

Remember for 1-5 your palm was facing toward you.
For 6-9, hold your hand out in front of you, with your palm facing away from you.
Hold up all your fingers, but hold down one for each number:

6 - Pinky finger.
7 - Ring finger.
8 - Tall finger.
9 - Index finger.

For 10, close your fist, put your thumb up, and wiggle your hand around.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Numbers 1-10 | Sign Language - My Smart Hands

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: sei, setto, otto, nove, dieci

German: seis, sieben, acht, neun, zehn

Spanish: seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez

French: six, sept, huit, neuf, dix

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Pig Iron

We've now learned about Sponge Iron and Wrought Iron.

Another type of iron made in a forge is pig iron.

This is iron after it has gone through a blast furnace, it is stirred and stirred while heated.
There are a lot of things called impurities in the metals, that make the iron harder to work with or not look as nice.
After heating and stirring, the metal can be cooled and turned into little metal bricks nicknamed "pigs".

They got this nickname because the way the iron was made in molds, it looked like a bunch of little piglets with a larger mother pig.

When they broke off the small pieces from the mother sow, they called them pigs.

(from: wikipedia - pig iron)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dust Devil

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Snake - Molting

We just learned about Snake Scales.

Another part of snake biology is when snakes shed their skin, called molting, sloughing or ecdysis.

Snake skin cane get dirty, worn out, and even covered with bugs like mites or ticks.
So to keep their skin fresh they will peel off the outside layer and have fresh skin and scales underneath.

Usually when a snake is getting ready to shed its skin, it goes and hides somewhere safe.
Then the new layer of skin underneath the old layer gets gooey and slippery.
The snake finds a rough or sharp thing to catch the dry outer skin on, then they keep slithering along.
Just like pulling a sock off, the snake pulls its old skin off and then goes on its way with a nice clean fresh skin.

Younger snakes can shed their skin 4 times a year, and an older snake may only shed their skin 1 or 2 times a year.

(from: wikipedia - snake scale)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: American Eskimo Dog

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Autonomic nervous system

Remember we learned that the Nervous System is split up into two parts, the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS).
And that part of the Peripheral Nervous System is the Somatic Nervous System.

Another part of the Peripheral Nervous System is the Autonomic Nervous System.

This part of your nervous system controls your internal organs, like your heart, stomach or liver.

(from: wikipedia - autonomic nervous system)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Right Ventricle

Monday, December 12, 2016

Coast Mountains

We just learned about the Yukon Ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera.

Another mountain range in the Pacific Coast Belt is the Coast Mountains.
On the west side of these ranges is a temperate rainforest, which then leads to ice fields and glaciers in the middle, and on the east side is plateaus and forests.

This mountain range has the largest bunch of ice fields in the world.

(from: wikipedia - coast mountains)

(from: wikipedia - coast mountains)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Tanganyika

Sunday, December 11, 2016


We just learned about the Bible person Esau.

Another person from the bible was Jacob.

Jacob was Esau's younger twin brother.
The Bible says that when Jacob was born, he was holding on to Esau's leg.

One time when Esau came back starving from hunting, he was so hungry he gave Jacob his birth right in trade for a bowl of stew.

Jacob was always his mother Rebekah's favorite, because he helped out around the camp while Esau was out hunting.
One day when his father Isaac was going to give his blessing to Esau, Jacob went in and tricked his father into giving him the blessing instead.
Isaac was blind, but Esau was very hairy, so Jacob put on some fur to pretend to be him, and Isaac gave him the blessing.

Esau was so mad at Jacob that he wanted to kill him, so Jacob ran away from home, and didn't come back to see Esau again for a long time.

Later on Jacob's name gets changed to Israel

(from: wikipedia - jacob)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: First John

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Shrine of the Three Kings

We just learned about the Brunswick Lion.

Another Romanesque art sculpture is the Shrine of the Three Kings.

These are three golden sarcophagi, which are boxes for holding people's bodies after they have died.

The three people whose bodies are in the boxes are said to be Three Wise Men or Three Kings from the Bible that brought gifts to Jesus.

They are made of wood, then covered with gold and silver, and over 1,000 jewels and beads, and even some cameos.

The golden outside has 74 sculpted pictures of apostles, prophets, and stories from the Bible.

(from: wikipedia - shrine of the three kings)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tatlin's Tower

Friday, December 9, 2016

ASL - One, two, three, four, five

Let's count to five in ASL!

All of these are with your hand out in front of you, and your palm facing toward you.
Hold up these fingers for each number:

1 - Index finger.
2 - Index finger and tall finger.
3 - Index finger, tall finger and thumb. (not ring finger!)
4 - Index finger, tall finger, ring finger and pinky.
5 - All five fingers.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Numbers 1-10 | Sign Language - My Smart Hands

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: uno, due, tre, quattro, cinque

German: Ein, zwei, drei, veir, fünf

Spanish: Uno, dos, tres, quatro, cinco

French: Un, deaux, trois, quatre, cinq

Thursday, December 8, 2016

Blast Furnace

We just learned about the Wrought Iron.

Another tool for metal working is the Blast Furnace.

A blast furnace is like a giant bloomery, so it's a big chimney with ore going in the top, fire and air getting blown into the bottom, and it burns for a long time.

(from: wikipedia - blast furnace)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Supercell

Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Snake - Scales

We just learned about the Snake's Internal Orgas.

Another thing that makes snakes different is their scales.

Snakes scales are used to help them slither along the ground, or even to climb trees.
The scales help them feel vibrations on the ground, meaning that an animal is near.
They help them stay warm and hold in the water so they can live in hot places, and they help the snake hide.

Even though snake scales have some color, they are mostly see through, and the color comes from the skin underneath their scales.
Their scales have many different shapes depending on where the scales are on their body, like their head, belly, back or tail.

(from: wikipedia - snake scale)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Whippet

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Brachial Plexus

We just learned about the Coccygeal Plexus.

Another part of the nervous system is the Brachial Plexus.

These are the nerves coming from the lower cervical nerves (C5, C6, C7, C8), and the first thoracic nerve (T1).

It controls feeling and movement in the chest, shoulder, arm and hand.

(from: wikipedia - brachial plexus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Right Atrium

Monday, December 5, 2016

Yukon Ranges

We just learned about the Talkeetna Mountains in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera.

Another famous mountain range is the Yukon Ranges in Alaska and Canada.

There are a bunch of other smaller "sub ranges" inside the Yukon ranges, called the Anvil Range, Dawson Range, Miners Range, Nisling Range, Ogilvie Mountains, Nahoni Range, Pelly Mountains, Big Salmon Range, Glenlyon Range, Saint Cyr Range, Ruby Range, Russel Range and Wrangell Mountains.

The Wrangell Mountains are mostly from volcanoes, and are some of the largest shield volcanoes in the US.

(from: wikipedia - yukon ranges)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Michigan

Sunday, December 4, 2016


We just learned about the person from the Bible named Rebekah.

Another person from the Bible is Esau.

Esau was the first child of Isaac and Rebekah.
Even from the day he was born, he was very hairy.

He grew up to be a hunter, and his father Isaac really liked him because he was strong and good at hunting.

The story of Esau is told in Genesis chapters 25 - 36.

(from: wikipedia - esau)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Second Peter

Saturday, December 3, 2016

Brunswick Lion

We just learned about the Muiredach's High Cross.

Another famous sculpture is the Brunswick Lion, made in the year 1166 in Brunswick Germany.

The statue was made for the Duke Henry the Lion who lived at Dankwarderode castle.

It weighs almost 2,000 lbs, is almost 6 feet tall and is over 9 feet long.
The statue is a hollow bronze sculpture, and was the first large hollow casting like that in a very long time.

There is an old folk tale about the Duke Henry the Lion, saying that he went on a trip and saw a lion battling a dragon.
He helped the lion and together they killed the dragon.
So the lion became his friend, and came home with him.

(from: wikipedia - brunswick lion)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge - Lissitzky

Friday, December 2, 2016

ASL - Dog, Cat

We just learned how to ask if someone speaks ASL.

To say dog in ASL, first pat your thigh a few times with your hand, like you are calling your dog over.
Then hold your hand out with your fingers closed and your palm facing up.
Snap your fingers twice, but it doesn't matter if it makes sound.
These motions are like if you were calling your dog over.

To say cat in ASL, you make the hand shape for the letter F, which also looks like the sign for OK.
Hold it up by the side of your mouth, but with your pointer and thumb not closed yet.
Pinch your fingers together, and pull them to the side.
This motion is like if you were a cat and had whiskers, and you were pulling on your whiskers.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

ASL Lesson 9: Animal Signs - Look! We're Learning!

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: cane, gatto

German: Hunt, Katze

Spanish: perro, gato

French: chien, chat

Thursday, December 1, 2016

Wrought Iron

We just learned about Sponge Iron made in a bloomery.

Sponge iron is then turned into wrought iron.
After the sponge iron is made, it has a bunch of holes in it and is very messy.
A blacksmith can take the sponge iron, hammer it a lot, reheat it and keep hammering away at it to get it in better shape, and that is called wrought iron.

When it is all finished, the iron looks nicer and is easier to work with and shape.

(from: wikipedia - wrought iron)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mesocyclone