Sunday, April 30, 2017

Psalm 22


We just learned about the Psalms.

One very famous Psalm from the Bible was Psalm 22.

The Psalm starts out with the words "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?".
In the book of Matthew chapter 27, it says that Jesus cried out the same thing as he was on the cross.

Many people believe that Jesus crying out this Psalm shows that it was a prophecy, because it also says:
"a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet"
and
"they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots."

The Psalm goes on to give praises to God and say that he will rule over the world some day.

"All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the nations shall worship before you.
For kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the nations."


(from: wikipedia - psalm 22)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Easter Sunday

Saturday, April 29, 2017

Holy Thorn Reliquary


We just learned about the Casket with Scenes of Romances.

Another Gothic art sculpture is the Holy Thorn Reliquary.

In the year 1239 AD, King Louis IX of France bought what he believed was the crown of thorns that Jesus wore on the cross.
Through the years later, the other Kings of France would give thorns from that crown as gifts to people.

One of the thorns that was sent out around 1400 AD was put into a special holder called a reliquary, made of gold, enamel and jewels.
This reliquary is about a foot tall, and weighs about 3 pounds.

The thorn is in a case behind a crystal window, and there are gold and enamel sculptures all around it, with jewels like sapphires decorating it.
The way the enamel sculptures are made is called ronde-boss, which means "in the round".
Enamel is shaped over top of gold or other metal sculptures, to look like a real rounded figure instead of just flat enamel.

The front is a sculpture of the Last Judgement, and shows God, some angels, a Dove for the Holy Spirit, Jesus Christ with a crown of thorns, John the Baptist, the Virgin Marry, and smaller sculptures of the twelve apostles.

There is a scroll above it with the Latin words "Ista est una spinea corone / Domini nostri ihesu xpisti" which means "This is a thorn from the crown / Of Our Lord Jesus Christ"

On the back is a medallion with the face of Christ in a sunburst, above two doors.
On the left door is the archangel Saint Michael, spearing the devil, shown as a dragon.
On the right door is Saint Christopher, carrying Christ as a small child on his shoulders.





(from: wikipedia - holy thorn reliquary)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ka Statue of Hor

Friday, April 28, 2017

ASL - His face is rough


We just learned in ASL how to say Her hands are soft

Let's learn how to say His face is rough.
To say "his" you push the palm of your hand out away from you toward the right, like you are going to hi-five someone.

To say "face" you draw a circle in the air around your face.

To say "rough" you put your left hand out in front of you, palm facing up, with your fingers curled up.
Take your right hand like a claw and act like you are scraping the air above the palm of your other hand.


Here are some helpful videos to show how these signs are done.


ASL Lessons: Pronouns and Family - Chris Wood


Sign Language: Describing People : Sign Language: Face& Eyes - expertvillage


Describing Surfaces of Objects in ASL - ASL THAT



ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: il suo volto è ruvida

German: Sein Gesicht ist rau.

Spanish: Su cara es áspera

French: Son visage est rude.

Thursday, April 27, 2017

Boring


We just learned about Swarf.

Another part of metal machining is called Boring.

When a hole has been drilled into a piece of metal, sometimes you may want to make the hole bigger, or sometimes to make a tapered hole that starts small and opens up as it goes out.

The boring bar is put into the hole that was already drilled, and then it spins around and makes it bigger or tapered.


(from: wikipedia - boring (manufacturing))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Category 3 Hurricane

Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Mimic Poison Frog & Splash-back poison frog


We just learned about the Golden Poison Frog.

There are a lot of poison frogs in the wild, but some are not that poisonous, they just look a lot like other poisonous frogs so they don't get eaten.

The Mimic Poison Frog looks just like the Splash-back poison frog, but the Mimic is not as dangerous.
The Mimic still has some poison but not as much, but other animals can't tell the difference so they don't eat the Mimic frog just in case it is a super poisonous Splash-back!


(from: wikipedia - mimic poison frog)



(from: wikipedia - splash-back poison frog)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Indian Cobra

Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Hair


We just learned about the Adnexa, things that stick out of your skin.

Part of the Adnexa is Hair.

Even though hair just looks like small strings to us, there are a lot of parts to hair like the root, the follicle, shaft, cuticle, cortex and medulla.
Hair can be curly or straight, and can be many colors like brown, black, blond, red or even white.

It grows on every part of the skin except places like the palms, bottoms of the feet, and lips.



(from: wikipedia - hair)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Temporal Lobe

Monday, April 24, 2017

Ozarks


We just learned about the U.S. Interior Highlands.

Part of the U.S. Interior Highlands is the Ozarks.
The name Ozarks comes from the French word "Aux" meaning "Of" and either the state name Arkansas, or the river arc nearby.
So it was either Aux-Arkansas, or Aux-arc, which got changed to Ozarks.
Because it was so long ago, nobody is really sure where it came from.

One fun part of the Ozarks mountains is a place called the Devil's Honeycomb, part of Hughes Mountain.
There are rocks there that stick up like columns or posts all over the place, and it almost looks like a bees honeycomb.

These mountains go through Arkansas, MIssouri and Oklahoma.
(from: wikipedia - ozarks)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Urmia

Sunday, April 23, 2017

Psalms


We just learned about the Esther.

We've learned before that the Bible has Books of Poetry and Wisdom.

The longest book in the whole Bible is the book of Psalms, with 150 chapters.

In the book of Psalms there are 5 different sections:
Book 1 (Psalms 1–41)
Book 2 (Psalms 42–72)
Book 3 (Psalms 73–89)
Book 4 (Psalms 90–106)
Book 5 (Psalms 107–150)

Many of the Psalms have been made into songs like hymns, or put into poetry.


(from: wikipedia - psalms)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Holy Saturday

Saturday, April 22, 2017

Casket with Scenes of Romances


We just learned about the Virgin and Child from the Sainte-Chapelle.

Another Gothic art sculpture is the Casket with Scenes of Romances, made in Paris, France around the year 1340.
This is a small box made out of elephant tusks called ivory, where a royal person could have kept their special things like jewelry.
It is about 5 inches tall and 10 inches wide, and 5 inches deep.

The carvings on the casket are of a bunch of Romantic stories from history, like Sir Lancelot, or Tristand and Iseult.



(from: wikipedia - casket with scenes of romances (walters 71264))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pendant of Osorkon II

Friday, April 21, 2017

ASL - Her hands are soft


We just learned in ASL how to say Our table is short

Let's learn how to say Her hands are soft.
To say her, you put your flat hand in a B shape with your fingers pointed up, and push your palm out away from you and off to the right, like you are pushing someone away.

To say hands, you put your right hand up in front of you in a B shape, with your fingers pointed up and your thumb pointed toward your face.
Put your left hand in a B shape, and put your fingertips on your right forearm, with your thumb pointed toward your face.
Bring your right hand in and them circle your hands around each other, and put them back into place.

Here are some helpful videos to show how these signs are done.


ASL Lessons: Pronouns and Family - Chris Wood


First 100 Body Parts in ASL: - SouthDakotaSchoolForTheDeaf


Describing Surfaces of Objects in ASL - ASL THAT



ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Le sue mani sono morbide

German: Ihre Hände sind weich

Spanish: Sus manos estan suaves

French: Ses mains sont douces

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Swarf


We just learned about the Threading.

Another part of Metalworking is Swarf.

This is the leftover metal shavings and chips that come off when you cut metal with a lathe, mill or other type of machining tool.


(from: wikipedia - swarf)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Category 2 Hurricane

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Golden Poison Frog


We just learned about the Common Suriname Toad.

Another type of frog is the Golden Poison Frog, also known as the Phyllobates Terribilis.
This frog is the most poisonous frog in the world, and one frog has enough poison to kill about 20 people.
It makes the poison in its body after eating certain kinds of bugs.
If they don't eat the same bugs that they eat in the wild, their skin stops being poisonous.

There are about 170 different types of poison frogs, just like the Strawberry Poison Dart Frog that we already learned about.
Scientists are trying to learn ways to use the poison that comes from these frogs, to maybe come up with helpful medicines.



This frog also has a morph called the "Mint Green" morph.

(from: wikipedia - golden poison frog)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Emerald Tree Boa

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Adnexa


We just learned about the Hypodermis.

Another part of the integumentary system is the Adnexa, also called the Skin appendages.

These are the things that come out from your skin, but aren't skin themselves.
Like hair, nails, or where your sweat comes from called sweat glands.


(from: wikipedia - hair)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Parietal Lobe

Monday, April 17, 2017

U.S. Interior Highlands


We just learned about the Sierra Madre Oriental.

Another group of mountain ranges is the U.S. Interior Highlands.

Just like the North American Cordillera goes along the west coast of the U.S., the Interior Highlands is the group of mountains in the middle part of the U.S., between the east and west coasts.

These mountain ranges go through the U.S. states of Arkansas, Missouri and Oklahoma.


(from: wikipedia - u.s. interior highlands)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Issyk Kul

Sunday, April 16, 2017

Esther


We just learned about the person from the Bible Josiah.

Another person from the Bible was Esther.

Esther was a young Jewish girl who was chosen as the Queen in a time when God's people the Hebrews were being ruled by other countries.

While she was Queen, there were some people who made plans to try and get rid of all the Hebrew people, but Esther's cousin Mordecai found out about it and warned Esther.

Esther talked to her husband the King, and he stopped the bad people who were making those plans, and he helped the Hebrew people be protected while he was king.


(from: wikipedia - esther)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Good Friday

Saturday, April 15, 2017

Virgin and Child from the Sainte-Chapelle


We just learned about the Scaliger Tombs.

Another famous Gothic Art sculpture is the Virgin and Child from the Sainte-Chapelle.
It was made for the cathedral in Paris called the Sainte Chapelle, some time around 1270 AD.
The statue has been moved to the Louvre museum in Paris.

This is a 41 cm sculpture of Mary holding the baby Jesus, and it is carved out of ivory, the tusks of elephants, and has some gold on Mary's robe and belt.
Mary has a little smile on her face, and she is holding an apple that Jesus is reaching for.
Because the robes, coat, hair and faces are so well carved like a real person, ome people believe this sculpture is the most beautiful ivory carving ever made.


(from: wikipedia - virgin and child from the sainte-chapelle)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Younger Memnon

Friday, April 14, 2017

ASL - Our table is short


We just learned in ASL how to say My Food is Hot

Let's learn how to say Our table is short.
To say "our", you use your open hand, touch your chest on the left side and then make an arc out and back in to your right side.

To say "table" put your arms out in front of you, bent at the elbows, fingers pointing to your left and right, and palms facing down. Almost like you are crossing your arms in front of you, or like a genie granting a wish.
Put your right arm over your left arm, and tap your arms together twice.

To say "short" is like saying tall, but you put your hand lower.
So put your open hand out in front of you, fingers pointing forward and palm facing down.
Move your hand a little almost like you're patting someone short on the head.


Here are some helpful videos to show how these signs are done.


Pronouns - Personal vs. Possessive in ASL - ASL THAT


Furniture & Household Items - Mrs. Rodriguez's ASL Classes


Describing People - Height | ASL - American Sign Language - ASL THAT



ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Il nostro tavolo è breve

German: Unser Tisch ist kurz

Spanish: Nuestra mesa es bajo

French: Notre table est courte

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Threading


We just learned about the Skiving Machine.

Another type of metal working is called Threading.

If you've ever seen nut that spins onto a bolt, you've seen something made by a tap and die.
The nut has to be cut exactly right to fit onto the screw, or else it won't screw on.

The tap is the tool that cuts the hole into the nut or other hole where the screw will go.
The die is the tool that cuts the lines onto the screw so it fits into the nut.

There are hand taps and dies that you can use with just your hands if you are strong enough, or there are machines that use strong motors to cut into the metal.


(from: wikipedia - nut (hardware))



(from: wikipedia - tap and die)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Category 1 Hurricane

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Common Suriname Toad


We just learned about the Red Eyed Tree Frog.

Another type of frog is the Common Suriname Toad, also called the star fingered toad.
Just like some of the other toads we've learned about, this is not a "True Toad", it is a frog with a toad name.

This is a flat grey toad that lives mostly in the water.
One really interesting thing about this toad is that they don't lay eggs in the water like a lot of frogs.
The mother carries the eggs around inside the skin on her back, in little pockets like a honeycomb.
The eggs hatch and the tadpoles stay inside the mother's back until they grow into tiny little toads, and climb out of their mother's back.




(from: wikipedia - common suriname toad)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Green Tree Python

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Hypodermis


We just learned about the Dermis.

Another part of the skin is the Hypodermis, also called the Subcutaneous tissue.
This is the skin below the Dermis, which is below the Epidermis.

The body mostly has fat cells in the hypodermis, but it also has white blood cells and blood vessels.
There is also something called deep fascia or connective tissue that connects your muscles to your skin.

(from: wikipedia - subcutaneous tissue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Frontal Lobe

Monday, April 10, 2017

Sierra Madre Oriental


We just learned about the Rocky Mountains.

Another group of mountains in the Laramide Belt of the North American Cordillera is the Sierra Madre Oriental.

These mountains go from the south part of Texas, and down the east coast of Mexico.
They are on the other side of Mexico, where the Sierra Madre Occidental is on the west side.
These mountains are drier than the rainforest areas south of the mountain ranges.


(from: wikipedia - sierra madre oriental)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Reindeer Lake

Sunday, April 9, 2017

Josiah


We just learned about the person from the Bible named Elisha.

Another person from the Bible was Josiah.

Josiah was one of the many Kings of God's people of Judah.
When he was king, the people of Judah had not been very good about following God's laws for a long time.
Many people had even forgotten what the laws were, because the books where the laws were written had been lost.
When Josiah told people to start cleaning up God's temple, the high priest named Hilkiah found the Book of Law, and brought it to Josiah.

Josiah heard what the book said and was very upset when he found out that they were breaking many of God's laws and not living the way they were supposed to be.
He ordered that all the people had to stop doing all the bad things they were doing, like worshipping false idols, and go back to worshipping God the way they were supposed to.



(from: wikipedia - josiah)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Maundy Thursday

Saturday, April 8, 2017

Scaliger Tombs


We just learned about the Pulpit of Sant' Andrea.

Another famous Gothic Art sculpture is the Scaliger Tombs.

The Scaliger family ruled in Verona Italy for over 100 years, and these tombs were made to honor the rulers when they were buried in these tombs.
The tombs are covered in sculptures of the family, then surrounded by sculpted columns, walls and spires with statues, and on top is a large statue of the ruler riding a horse.



(from: wikipedia - scaliger tombs)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nefertiti Bust

Friday, April 7, 2017

ASL - Their car is tall


We just learned in ASL how to say My Food is Hot

Let's learn how to say Their car is tall.
Remember to say they, you point your finger off to the side and draw a small circle in the air.
Their is just like that, but instead of pointing your finger you wave your open hand in that area.

To say car, hold your hands in front of you in fists side by side like you are holding a steering wheel, and move them like you are turning the steering wheel left and right.

To say tall, put your right hand up by your forehead almost like a salute, and then move your hand forward and up, like you are showing how tall someone else is.

Here are some helpful videos to show how these signs are done.


car - ASL sign for car - My Smart Hands


TALL - Height | ASL - American Sign Language - ASLtree



ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: La loro auto è alto

German: Ihr Auto ist groß

Spanish: Su coche es alto

French: Leur voiture est haut

Thursday, April 6, 2017

Skiving Machine


We just learned about the Hobbing in a Milling Machine.

Another type of metal cutting machine is a Skiving Machine.

Sometimes metal workers want to cut just a thin slice of metal off.
A skiving machine uses a sharp blade to slice down on a larger piece of metal and just cut off the perfect size every time.


(from: wikipedia - skiving machine)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Red-eyed tree frog


We just learned about the Goliath Frog.

Another frog is the Red-eyed tree frog.

This type of frog is a very colorful frog, with a mostly green body, red eyes, yellow and blue stripes on it's body and orange or red toes.

Just like other tree frogs, this frog has sticky feet they use to climb trees and jump from tree to tree.

They use their red eyes to scare away animals that might eat them.
When the other animal comes close they open their red eyes up wide, and sometimes it scares away the other animal.


(from: wikipedia - agalychnis callidryas)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Corn Snake

Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Dermis


We just learned about the Epidermis.

Another part of the skin or integumentary system is the Dermis, also known as the Corium.

The Dermis is right below the Epidermis, and it helps give padding to the body underneath the skin.
It also is where the hair starts in things called follicles, and has many things called glands that do things like create sweat or other things your body makes.
The blood vessels we learned about in the circulatory system are also in the dermis.


(from: wikipedia - dermis)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cerebrum

Monday, April 3, 2017

Rocky Mountains


We just learned about the Brooks Range.

Another group of mountains in the Laramide Belt in the North American Cordillera is the Rocky Mountains.

The "Rockies" are a group of mountains that go all the way from the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Alberta, through the US states of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico.

The name of the rockies comes from the Native American name, meaning "when seen from across the prairies they looked like a rocky mass".

There are many famous mountain areas in the Rockies, like the Valley of the Ten Peaks in Banff National Park in Alberta Canada.

(from: wikipedia - bannf national park)

The Grand Tetons in Wyoming

(from: wikipedia - rocky mountains)

The Flatirons in Colorado, where the flatiron type mountains make a triangular steep shape.

(from: wikipedia - flatirons)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Turkana

Sunday, April 2, 2017

Elisha


We just learned about the Elijah.

Another person from the Bible is Elisha.
When the prophet Elijah was getting older, he chose Elisha to take over when he was gone.

Elisha did many miracles for God, like bringing a young child back to life, curing leprosy, causing enemy soldiers to go blind and helping hungry people turn a little food into a lot of food.

He was also a prophet who talked to God's followers and told them what God wanted them to do.


(from: wikipedia - elisha)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Palm Sunday

Saturday, April 1, 2017

Pulpit of Sant' Andrea


We just learned about the Fontana Maggiore.

Another Gothic art sculpture is the Pulpit of Sant' Andrea in Pistoia Italy, sculpted by artist Giovanni Pisano in 1301 AD.

Giovanni Pisano is the son of the famous sculptor Nicola Pisano, who sculpted the Siena Cathedral Pulpit that is a lot like this pulpit.

There are many sculptures carved into the pulpit, and on each side they tell a different stories, like Jesus as a baby, the wise men visiting Jesus, or Jesus on the cross.




(from: wikipedia - pulpit of sant' andrea, pistoia (giovanni pisano))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tutankhamun's Mask