Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Waxy Monkey Tree Frog


We just learned about the Pouched Frog.

Another type of frog is the Waxy Monkey Tree Frog.

This frog gets the monkey part of it's name because it only ever walks through the trees, never hopping, so sometimes they look like monkeys.

These frogs never come down from living in the trees.
They lay eggs on leaves, and then fold the leaf over like a sandwich.
When the eggs hatch, they fall out of the leaf and drop into the water to live as tadpoles, until they become frogs and climb up into the trees.

These frogs have chemicals on their skin that have been used to create medicines as painkillers.


(from: wikipedia - phyllomedusa sauvagii)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ring Necked Snake

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Hair - Muscle


We just learned about the Hair - Root Sheath.

Another interesting part of human hair is the Hair Muscle.
The fancy name for this muscle is the Arrector pili.

This muscle gets used when your skin gets cold and you get goosebumps on your skin as the hair is shoved out a little.


(from: wikipedia - arrector pili muscle)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Subthalamus

Monday, May 29, 2017

Ontario


Let's learn more about the Canadian Provinces.

The province of Ontario has more people living there than any other province. About 1/3 of all the people in Canada live in southeast Ontario.
This province also has the nation's capital of Ottowa, and the nation's most populated city of Toronto.
Ontario has a border along the US of about 1,678 miles.
Almost all of that border is made up of rivers or lakes, and only less than one mile is actually connected by land.

Ontario is in east-central Canada, right above Michigan.
To the north are Hudson Bay and James Bay, and to the south it borders four of the five Great Lakes, Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario.


(from: wikipedia - ontario)

The flag of Ontario is red, with the flag of the United Kingdom and the state shield on it.
Just like the USA, Canada was once a part of the United Kingdom.

(from: wikipedia - flag of ontario)

The coat of arms of Ontario has a black bear standing on an armored helmet which is above a red and white cross flag which is the flag of England.
Below the flag is a green shield with three golden maple leafs on it.
On the left is a Moose, and on the right is a deer. These are animals that live in Canada.
Below the animals are the Latin words "Ut incepit Fidelis sic permanet" which means "Loyal she began, loyal she remains"
This means that the people of Ontario were loyal to England, even after the American Revolution.

(from: wikipedia - coat of arms of ontario)

Niagara Falls is shared between the state of New York and the province of Ontario.

(from: wikipedia - niagara falls)

The largest nuclear power plant in the world is in Ontario, at a place called Bruce Nuclear Generating Station.

(from: wikipedia - bruce nuclear generating station)

The largest city in all of Canada is Toronto.
There are many things to see there, like the CN tower.

(from: wikipedia - toronto)

Ottawa, the capital city of Canada is in Ontario.
It is where the prime minister and parliament work for the government.

(from: wikipedia - ottawa)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lhotse

Sunday, May 28, 2017

Psalm 137


We just learned about Psalm 103.

Another famous chapter from the book of Psalms is Psalm 137.

This Psalm has been made into music and paintings many times, especially the beginning which starts off:

"By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept,"

This Psalm was written about the time when the Israelites were forced to leave their home of Jerusalem, and they were very sad.


(from: wikipedia - psalm 137)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: All Saint's Day

Saturday, May 27, 2017

David - Michelangelo


We just learned about the Tomb of Pope Julius II.

Another Renaissance Art sculpture is David by Michelangelo in Florence, in 1504 AD.

This is a sculpture of David from the Bible, and the eyes of David are looking toward Rome, as a way to defend the city of Florence from other stronger cities.

The sculpture is 17 feet tall and made of marble.


(from: wikipedia - david (michelangelo))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Peplos Kore

Friday, May 26, 2017

ASL - January, February


Let's learn about the months of the year in ASL!

There are no special signs for the months of the year in ASL.

To say a month, you just have to spell out the first three letters of the month.

January - J-A-N



February - F-E-B



wiktionary - appendix:sign language handshapes


Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.


ASL HANGOUT: HOW TO SIGN MONTHS OF THE YEAR! - Sign Duo


ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Gennaio, Febbraio

German: Januar, Februar

Spanish: Enero, Febrero

French: Janvier, Février

Thursday, May 25, 2017

Hole Saw


We just learned about the Twist Drill Bits.

Another type of drill bit is the Hole Saw.
Sometimes you need to drill a really big hole out of a piece of wood or metal, and this type of bit can grab on to the metal with the smaller bit in the middle called the "pilot drill bit".
Then the teeth on the larger bit can cut the hole for the right shape.


(from: wikipedia - hole saw)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Metalwork

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Pouched Frog


We just learned about the Gray Tree Frog.

Another type of frog is the Pouched Frog.

This is a small red-brown frog with stripes that lives in Australia.

When the frog's eggs hatch, they stay in a small pocket on the hip of the male frog until they get bigger and turn into tiny frogs.

(from: wikipedia - pouched frog)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: False Coral Snake

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Hair - Root Sheath


We just learned about the Hair - Plexus.

Another part of the hair is the Root Sheath.

Just like the skin has layers, the hair also has layers.
A sheath is like a wrapper, and the hair has a soft inner sheath and a harder outer sheath.


(from: wikipedia - rooth sheath)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Epithalamus

Monday, May 22, 2017

Canadian Provinces


We've learned about the mountains of North America.

Let's move on and talk a little about the Provinces and Territories in the country of Canada.

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories.

The ten provinces are: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.

The three territories are: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon

There is not much of a difference between provinces and territories, mostly just in how things work in the government.


(from: wikipedia - provinces and territories of canada)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Kangchenjunga

Sunday, May 21, 2017

Psalm 103


We just learned about Psalm 51.

Another famous chapter in the book of Psalms is Psalm 103.

This song starts with the words:

Bless the Lord, O my soul, and all that is within me, bless his holy name!.

It goes on to say how great the Lord is, and sings praises on his blessings.
This song has been used many times for songs and even musicals.


(from: wikipedia - psalm 103)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ordinary Time

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Tomb of Pope Julius II


We just learned about the Pietà by Michelangelo Buonarroti.

Another Renaissance Art sculpture is the Tomb of Pope Julius II by Michelangelo.

Michelangelo had great plans to build a gigantic three story wall with 40 statues in it, but sadly he was told to make it a lot smaller and only put in a few statues.

The most famous of his statues in this tomb is a large almost 8 foot tall Moses sitting and holding the tablets of the Ten Commandments in his one hand.
In this sculpture Moses has horns on his head, because when Moses came down from the mountain after seeing God, his face was enlightened, and some people thought that meant he had horns on his head like rays of light pointing to heaven.
Michelangelo was so proud of his sculpture of Moses that when he was done he hit it on the knee and shouted "NOW SPEAK" because it looked so lifelike almost like it was real.

There are also statues of the sisters Rachel and Leah next to Moses.

The other sculptures above Moses were made by another sculptor.



(from: wikipedia - tomb of pope julius ii)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Sphinx of Naxos

Friday, May 19, 2017

ASL - Saturday, Sunday


We just learned how to say Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday in ASL.

Let's keep learning the days of the week!

To say "Saturday" make the hand sign for the letter "S", turn your hand around and move it around in a circle.

To say "Sunday", put both of your flat open hands out in front of you with your palms facing out and your fingers pointed up, and then move them around in a circle.

Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.


ASL Vocabulary - Days of the Week - ASL THAT


ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Sabato, Domenica

German: Samstag, Sonntag

Spanish: Sabado, Domingo

French: Samedi, Dimanche

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Twist Drill Bits


We just learned a little about Drill Bits.

One type of drill bits is the Twist Drill Bit.
For these bits, there is a spiral cut along the bit, and the taller that spiral is, the faster the bit is meant to go.
The more compact and shorter the spiral is, the slower the bit goes.

At the end of the bit is the "tip", and there are many different types of tips.
Some bits have a "brad point" which is a tiny little spiky point that holds on to the metal or wood so the bit doesn't slide around when it is drilling.
Some tips are very flat, and some are very pointy, depending on what you are trying to drill.



(from: wikipedia - drill bit)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Typhoon

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Gray Tree Frog


We just learned about the American Bullfrog.

Another type of frog is the Gray Tree Frog.

Many of the poison dart frogs we learned about were very colorful to warn off predators.
Other frogs that are not poisonous have to use camouflage to hide so they don't get eaten.

The Gray Tree Frog can also be green, black or white depending on where they live and where they need to hide.
They are tree frogs, and they almost never leave the trees.
These frogs are nocturnal, meaning they are awake at night, and sometimes can be found by windows and porch lights where bugs are flying around because of the lights.


(from: wikipedia - gray tree frog)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Grass Snake

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Hair - Plexus


We just learned about the Hair Growth.

Another part of the human hair is the Plexus.

These are very small nerves that are wrapped around the bottom of the hair follicle, that sense when the hair is moved.
They are very sensitive, which is how your body can feel a light breeze through the hair on your skin.


(from: wikipedia - hair plexus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Hypothalamus

Monday, May 15, 2017

Southern Appalachian Mountains


We just learned about the Central Appalachian Mountains.

Another part of that mountain chain is the Southern Appalachian Mountains.

These mountains go through New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama.

This includes the Catskill Mountains, Poconos, Allegheny Plateau and the Cumberland Plateau.


(from: wikipedia - laurentian mountains)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: K2

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Psalm 51


We just learned about the Psalm 23.

Another chapter in the book of psalms is Psalm 51.

This chapter is sometimes called "Miserere" which means Have Mercy.
After King David had sinned against God, he wrote this Psalm to beg for mercy and forgiveness.

Have mercy on me, O God, according to your unfailing love;

Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.


(from: wikipedia - psalm 51)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Trinity Sunday

Saturday, May 13, 2017

Pietà - Michelangelo Buonarroti


We just learned about the Bamberg Horseman.

Another famous sculpture is the Pietà by Michelangelo Buonarroti in 1498 AD.
Michelangelo is one of the most famous Renaissance art sculptors of all time.
The Renaissance was a time when many artists from all over the continent of Europe got together and worked to share and create many masterpieces of art and music.

The word pietà means pity, and this is a sculpture of Mary the mother of Jesus sadly holding him on her lap after he was crucified.



(from: wikipedia - pietà (michelangelo))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Charioteer of Delphi

Friday, May 12, 2017

ASL - Thursday, Friday


We just learned how to say Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday in ASL.

Let's keep learning the days of the week!

To say "Thursday" make the hand sign for the letter "H" and then move your hand up and down in a circle.
You can also make the hand sign for "T" and then the hand sign for "H".

To say "Friday", make the hand sign for "F" but turn it around so your palm is facing you, and move it around in a circle.

Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.


Days of the Week - ASL Vocabulary - ASL THAT


ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Giovedì, Venerdì

German: Donnerstag, Freitag

Spanish: Viernes, Jueves

French: Jeudi, Vendredi

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Drill Bits


We just learned a little about Drilling.

When using the drill, the tool that goes at the end is called the drill bit.

There are lots of different types of drill bits, some that are used for cutting wood, some that are used for cutting metal or cement.

Depending on what is being drilled, the bits can be made of different things.
Most drill bits are made of steel, but many are made of titanium, tungsten, or even diamond tips.



(from: wikipedia - drill bit)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Category 5 Hurricane

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

American Bullfrog


We just learned about the Poison Dart Frogs.

Another type of frog is the American Bullfrog.
These frog get their name because they make a low deep croak that sounds like a bull's roar.

Just like there are some types of frogs called Bufonidae that are called "True Toads", there are also some types of frogs called Ranidae, that are called "True Frogs", and the bullfrog is a true frog.

Unlike a lot of other animals, the female bullfrog is usually larger than the male frog, and the male bullfrogs have yellow throats.
When a group of male bullfrogs gets together in a group, it is called a "chorus".
The male bullfrogs will all get together and croak to call out for female bullfrogs.

Bullfrogs can grow to be 6 inches long, and can jump 10 times their body, length. That means a 6 inch frog could jump 5 feet!


(from: wikipedia - american bullfrog)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Sri Lanka Cat Snake

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Hair Growth


We just learned about the Hair Follicle.

Human hair doesn't always grow at the same speed.
Sometimes it is growing a lot, sometimes it is slowing down, and sometimes it stops growing.

We know that the hair on our head grows longer than the hair on our eyebrows or eyelashes.
Each part of the body has different rules for how long the hair should grow, and when it should stop.

The time for growing of hair is called the anagen phase.
catagen is when the hair growth is slowing down.
telogen is when the hair has stopped growing because it is long enough.

The hair for your eyebrows grows for about 4 months and then stops, but the hair on a human head will keep growing at a normal speed for about 2-7 years!
Human hair usually grows about 6 inches every year, so after 7 years your hair would be four and a half feet long!


(from: wikipedia - human hair growth)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Thalamus

Monday, May 8, 2017

Central Appalachain Mountains


We just learned about the Northern Appalachian Mountains.

Another part of the Appalachian Mountain area is the Central Appalachian Mountains,
which go through Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, New York and New Jersey.
In this area are some large valleys, plateaus, the Taconic Mountains and the Blue Ridge mountains.


(from: wikipedia - blue ridge mountains)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mount Everest

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Psalm 23


We just learned about Psalm 22.

Another very famous chapter in the Book of Psalms is Psalm 23.

This chapter talks about God as a protecting shepherd.
Because this Psalm talks so well about being protected by God in times of need, it is put on a lot of posters, quoted a lot, and has been in a lot of music by famous people including Johann Sebastian Bach.

The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
He makes me lie down in green pastures.
He leads me beside still waters.
He restores my soul.
He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me;
your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies;
you anoint my head with oil;
my cup overflows.

Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life,
and I shall dwell in the house of the Lord forever.


(from: wikipedia - psalm 23)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pentecost

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Bamberg Horseman


We just learned about the Holy Thorn Reliquary.

Another Gothic Art sculpture was the Bamberg Horseman, made in Germany around 1225 AD.

This is a statue of a man riding a horse, and the man is either a king, emperor or saint, but no one knows for sure who it is supposed to be, because the history of it was lost or forgotten.

There were many statues of people on horses long ago, but for a long time people had stopped making statues like that until the Bamberg Horseman was made.

It is also one of the first statues to show the bottom of a horse's foot wearing a horseshoe.

Underneath the front part of the statue where the horse is standing is a sculpted face that looks like a man's face made out of leaves.
This type of sculpture is sometimes called the "Green Man" and can mean a lot of different things like respecting nature, the growth of spring, or maybe even mythological creatures.


(from: wikipedia - bamberg horseman)


(from: wikipedia - green man)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Block Statue of Pa-Ankh-Ra

Friday, May 5, 2017

ASL - Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday


We just learned in ASL how to say Her Hands are Soft

Let's learn the days of the week in ASL!

To say "Monday" you make the hand sign for the letter "M" and then keeping that hand shape turn your hand around so your palm is facing you, and move your arm around in a circle.

"Tuesday" is the same thing, but use the hand shape for the letter "T", turn your hand and wave it around.

"Wednesday" is just like Monday and Tuesday, make the hand shape for the letter "W", turn your hand and wave it around.

Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.


ASL Days of the Week Lesson and Song - My Smart Hands


ASL
(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: Lunedi, Martedì, Mercoledì

German: Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch

Spanish: Lunes, Martes, Miercoles

French: Lundi, Mardi, Mercredi

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Drilling


We just learned about the Boring.

Another type of metal working is Drilling.

Drilling uses a cylinder shaped tool called a drill bit that spins around hundreds or thousands of times every second, and cuts into the metal, leaving a cylinder shaped hole, like a tunnel.


(from: wikipedia - drilling)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Category 4 Hurricane

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Poison Dart Frogs


We just learned about the Mimic Poison Frog & Splash-back poison frog.

There are many other types of poison dart frogs, and they come in just about every color and every type of decoration.
Some have stripes, some have polka dots, some have strange shapes, and some are just bright red, yellow or blue.
These frogs use their bright colors to warn people and predators not to eat them or touch them, because they might get sick or die.

(from: wikipedia - excidobates)


(from: wikipedia - oophaga)


(from: wikipedia - ranitomeya amazonica)


(from: wikipedia - blue poison dart frog)


(from: wikipedia - yellow-banded poison dart frog)


(from: wikipedia - phantasmal poison frog)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spiny Bush Viper