Thursday, February 2, 2017


We just learned about Coal.

Another fuel used for metalworking is called Coke.

Coke is made by taking coal and heating it up very very hot, sometimes over 2,000 degrees F!
It is baked and heated for a long time, sometimes for days.

When it is done, the coke is removed and then can be used as fuel for smelting, that will burn even hotter and faster than a wood fire or charcoal fire.

(from: wikipedia - )

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: F0 Tornado

Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Panamanian Golden Frog

We just learned about the European Fire Bellied Toad.

Another type of frog is the Panamanian Golden Frog.

This frog is part of the true toad family.
Remember that all toads are frogs, but not all frogs are toads.
And some frogs are called toads, and some toads are called frogs.

The people in Panama love this golden frog, and put pictures of it all over the place.
There are even stories saying that when this frog dies it will turn to gold and bring good luck.
This frog even has it's own holiday, "National Golden Frog Day" on August 14th.

The skin of this frog is poisonous, and was used long ago to make poisonous arrows.

When this frog wants to talk to other frogs, it will wave its arms around.
Scientists think this is because the frogs live close to noisy rivers and couldn't really hear each other croaking well, especially because they don't really have normal ears and can't hear well.

(from: wikipedia - panamanian golden frog)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pekingese

Tuesday, January 31, 2017


We just learned about the Nucleus.

Another part of the neuron in the nervous system is the Dendrite.

The dendrites are the part of the neuron that reach out like tree branches or fingers.
When the neuron wants to send a message to another neuron, it sends it out over the dendrites, and the other neuron touches dendrites and gets the message.

(from: wikipedia - dendrite)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pulmonary Valve

Monday, January 30, 2017

Northern Coast Ranges

We just learned about the Klamath-Siskyou Mountains.

Another group of mountains in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera are the Northern Coast Ranges in California.

This range has the King Range, Mendocino Range, Klamath Mountains, Mayacamas Mountains and Marin Hills.

These ranges have many different types of plants and animals, and some of them are endangered so the wildlife in this area is protected.

(from: wikipedia - king range (california))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Ontario

Sunday, January 29, 2017


We just learned about the Joshua.

Another person from the Bible was Gideon.

After Joshua died, the Israelites did not have a good leader, and many people started making other idols to worship.
God called on Gideon to go smash those idols and make an altar to God.

Later, the Israelites had to battle a bunch of people, and God wanted Gideon to lead the battle.
There were over 30,000 people in the army, but God told him to only take 300 so that everyone would know that it was God who had won the battle for them.
Gideon took the 300, gave them horns, jars and torches and had them blow the horns, smash the jars, hold up the torches and shout "A sword for the Lord and for Gideon!"
They did it, and the thousands and thousands of soldiers ran away scared, and even fought against each other, and the Israelites won the battle.

(from: wikipedia - gideon)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Advent Season

Saturday, January 28, 2017

Lewis Chessmen

We just learned about the Cloisters Cross.

Another ancient sculpture is the Lewis Chessmen.

This is a set of 78 chess pieces carved from walrus ivory tusks or whale teeth.
No one is sure exactly how old they are, but they think they were from around 900 years ago in the country of Norway.

There are some red stains on some of the pieces, so they were probably a chess set of red versus white, instead of black versus white.
All of the pieces are little people, even the knights, bishops and rooks.

The knight pieces are on little horses and are holding spears and shields.
The rooks are standing soldiers holding shields and swords.
Some of them have crazy wild eyes and are so angry they are biting their shields!

(from: wikipedia - lewis chessmen)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Swimming Reindeer

Friday, January 27, 2017

ASL - Horse, Sheep, Duck

We just learned in ASL how to say dog, cat, cow, chicken and pig.
Let's learn more animals!

horse - Put your thumb up by the side of your head with your palm facing foward, and your first two fingers up almost like ears, and then wiggle them forward like a horse's ear.
sheep - Hold your left arm out in front of you across your body, and use your first two fingers of your other hand like scissors like you are cutting the wool off of the sheep.
duck - Using your thumb and your first two fingers make them like a beak opening and closing, in front of your mouth. The two fingers can be spread out a little to show that it is a big duck's beak.

Here is a helpful video showing these signs:

Chris Wood - ASL Lessons: Animals

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: cavallo, pecora, anatra

German: Pferd, Schaf, Ente

Spanish: caballo, oveja, pato

French: French - cheval, mouton, canard