Friday, March 22, 2019

Norwegian - My drink is cold


We just learned that in Norwegian:
This house is big: Dette huset er stort
This chair is small: Stolen er liten

Let's learn about more things we see every day.

To say My drink is cold, we say Min drikke er kald.

Here's how to say it:

My - Min - sounds like min

drink - drikke - sounds like d-dee-kah

is - er - sounds like ah-r

cold - kald - sounds like kah-ld


So all together Min drikke er kald sounds like min d-dee-kah ah-r kah-ld.

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: Το ποτό μου είναι κρύο

ASL: My drink is cold

Italian: La mia bevanda è freddo

German: Mein Getränk ist kalt

Spanish: Mi bebida es fría

French: Ma boisson est froid

Thursday, March 21, 2019

Falcon Heavy


We just learned about the Falcon rocket.

Another SpaceX rocket is the Falcon Heavy.

This rocket is a lot more powerful than just one Falcon rocket, and it is being made to hopefully some day take people into outer space, to the Moon or even to Mars!

It is made from three "Falcon 9" rockets strapped together.
The one in the middle is the core main rocket, and the two on the outside are booster rockets.

This rocket can carry a lot of weight, about 141,000 pounds into outer space!
On the first of the Falcon Heavy rocket launch, the owner Elon Musk sent his car into space, a shiny red Tesla Roadster, and they also put a fake person inside in a space suit, and nicknamed him "Starman".

When the space craft makes it up into space, the Falcon 9 rockets actually fall off the main spacecraft and fall back to earth.
They don't crash into the ocean though, they actually use guidance systems to come back down to the ground and land safely on a launch pad so they can be used again!





(from: wikipedia - falcon heavy)



Falcon Heavy boosters landing - SciNews


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Rockets

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Fried Egg Jellyfish


We just learned about the Blue Blubber Jellyfish.

Another type of jellyfish is the Fried Egg Jellyfish or egg yolk jellyfish.

There are two types of jellyfish that have this nickname.
Their big long science names are phacellophora camtschatica, and cotylorhiza tuberculata.

The phacellophora camtschatica grows up to 2 feet wide and has tentacles up to 20 feet long.
It lives in the cold water of the ocean.
To eat, it snacks on other tiny jellyfish or types of plankton that get stuck in its long tentacles.
This jelly's sting is so weak that sometimes small crabs will ride on top of its bell and will even steal food that it has trapped in its tentacles!


(from: wikipedia - phacellophora camtschatica)


Egg Yolk Jellyfish - Phacellophora camtschatica - Jellyfish Are Awesome

The cotylorhiza tuberculata grows to about 16 inches wide, but its tentacles are much shorter.
It lives in warmer water, mostly in the Mediterranean Sea, and is sometimes even called the Mediterranean Jellyfish.
There are so many jellies in that water that they get in the way of boating and fishing, and sometimes they will remove thousands of jellyfish in a year!




(from: wikipedia - cotylorhiza tuberculata)


Samos - Fried egg jellyfish - Torben Olsen


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cirroteuthis Octopus

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Sulcus Terminus


We just learned about the Median Sulcus.

Another part of the human tongue is the Sulcus Terminus.

This is all the way on the back of the tongue.
Right before the back of the throat, some of the skin in the tongue makes a V-shape,
that comes to a point in the middle right at the end of the median sulcus before going down the throat.

This is called the sulcus terminus.


(from: wikipedia - tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Inferior Tibiofibular Joint

Monday, March 18, 2019

Motte


We just learned about Castles and Palaces.

Castles have all sorts of different things that they use for defense or attack.

One thing some castles have is called a Motte.

A motte is like a large hill made out of dirt, with the top part being flattened out.
Usually there was also a ditch around the bottom of the motte, and a castle was built on top of the flat hill.


(from: wikipedia - castle)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nayarit

Sunday, March 17, 2019

Ignatius of Antioch


We just learned about the Peshitta.

Another person early Christian history is Ignatius of Antioch.

Ignatius was one of the people known as the "Church Fathers" because he was a student of one of the disciples, and he helped spread the word of God and tell other people about Jesus.

He even wrote letters, kind of like some of the ones that Paul wrote that are in the Bible.
These letters are to other towns with groups of people starting churches, and he was writing to tell them to keep up the good work and help give them instructions.

Ignatius wrote letters to: The Ephesians, Magnesians, Trallians, Romans, Philadelphians, Smyrnaeans, and to Polycarp the Bishop of Smyrna.


(from: wikipedia - ignatius of antioch)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ananias of Damascus

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Khajuraho Group of Monuments


We just learned about the Mukteshvara Temple.

Another famous Indian sculpture is the Khajuraho Group of Monuments.

This is a bunch of temples in Chhatarpur, Madhya Pradesh, India, built between 950 and 1050 AD.

Long ago there were over 85 temples spread over several miles.
Through the years many of them were destroyed, and there are only about 25 left.

The temples have sculptures of people all over them.





(from: wikipedia - khajuraho group of monuments)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Buddha, flanked by Herakles and Tychee

Friday, March 15, 2019

Norwegian - The chair is small


We just learned that in Norwegian to say this house is big you say Dette huset er stort.

Let's learn about more things we see every day.

To say The chair is small, we say Stolen er liten

We can break it up into three words:

The chair - Stolen - sounds like stoh-len

is - er - sounds like ah-r

small - liten - Sounds like lee-ten


So all together stolen er liten sounds like stoh-len ah-r lee-ten.

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: Η καρέκλα είναι μικρή

ASL: This chair is small

Italian: La sedia è piccolo

German: Der Stuhl ist klein

Spanish: La silla es pequeña

French: La chaise est petit

Thursday, March 14, 2019

Falcon


We just learned about the Space Shuttle.

Another famous rocket is the Falcon made by SpaceX in 2008.

In 2002 the SpaceX company was started by Elon Musk as a way to try and build rockets to go to outer space and even someday Mars!

The big difference with SpaceX is that it was a business that was in charge, instead of a people that worked for the government like USA or Russia.

These rockets were two stage, and made to use liquid rocket fuel.
Elon Musk said that the name of the Falcon rocket came from the Millennium Falcon from Star Wars!



(from: wikipedia - falcon 1)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Speleoseismite

Wednesday, March 13, 2019

Blue Blubber Jellyfish


We just learned about the Nomura's Jellyfish.

Another type of jellyfish is the Blue Blubber Jellyfish, also called the jelly blubber or catostylus mosaicus.

This type of jelly lives over by Australia, and swims around with lots of other blue blubbers in big swarms.

Sometimes it is blue, or white or even brown, and it grows to be about 18 inches.
They mostly eat small things like plankton or fish, and they have stingers that hurt people but won't kill a human.




(from: wikipedia - jelly blubber)


Blue Blubber Jellyfish Tank --The Aquarium King-- - The Aquarium King


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Grimpoteuthis - Dumbo Octopus

Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Median Sulcus


We just learned about the Circumvallate Papillae.

Another part of the tongue is the Median Sulcus.

Right on the top middle of your tongue there is a line going all the way from front to back.

This line is the median sulcus, and it divides the tongue into a left and right side.
It's sort of like a line in a piece of paper that's been folded, and most people can fold their tongue in half right there inside their mouth.
With the tongue folded right on that line, sometimes it can help when eating food.


(from: wikipedia - tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Superior Tibiofibular Ligaments

Monday, March 11, 2019

Castles and Palaces


We just learned about the Frankenstein Castle.

So far we've learned about a lot of castles and palaces, but what's the difference between a castle and a palace?

The word castle comes from the a word meaning "fortified place".
The word palace comes from the hill named "Palatine Hill" in Rome, where the Roman Emperor's lived.

A castle is a place that is fortified, which means it usually has big walls, or a moat, or other ways of protecting the people who live there form being attacked.
It's also the home of a royal person like a lord or noble.

A palace is a big fancy building, and usually the home of someone royal like a king, or bishop, but they are not usually fortified because people are always coming to visit.

Another building name was "fortress" which is kind of like a castle but usually not a home for a royal person.



(from: wikipedia - castle)

(from: wikipedia - palace)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tlaxcala

Sunday, March 10, 2019

Peshitta


We just learned about the Gospel Harmony.

Another part of early Christianity was the Peshitta.

During the time when people were trying to put together the Bible so they could tell others about Christianity, some people worked to write it down in other languages so people in different countries could read it.

A lot of the Bible was written in Hebrew and Greek, so some people worked to translate it into the Syriac language.

The word peshitta means "simple" or "easy to understand", and it was a book put together so people could tell others in many eastern countries about Jesus.

With this Syriac version of the Bible, people were able to spread Christianity across other countries like Armenia, Georgia, and even China.

The famous Nestorian tablet from China was written from the translation in the Peshitta.

(from: wikipedia - peshitta)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Thaddeus

Saturday, March 9, 2019

Mukteshvara Temple


We just learned about the Konark Sun Temple.

Another Mukteshvara Temple, built around 950 AD in Odisha, India.

This is a large Hindu temple with lots of sculpted columns and shapes all over the building.

The most famous part of the temple is the arched gateway called the torana.
There are two thick pillars with strings of beads, ornaments, scrolls, monkeys, peacocks and beautiful women carved all over them.

The big 34 foot tall square tower inside is called the Vimana.
It has many sculptures of Hindu gods on it, demons and dwarf figures.




(from: wikipedia - mukteshvara temple, bhubaneswar)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Bharhat Stupa

Friday, March 8, 2019

Norwegian - This house is big


We just learned that in Norwegian we are surprised is Vi er overrasket.

Let's learn about some of the things we see every day.

To say this house is big in Norwegian you say Dette huset er stort.

This - Dette - sounds like deh-teh

house - huset - sounds like hoo-sah

is - er - sounds like ah-r

big - stort - sounds like stoh-r-t


norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: Αυτό το σπίτι είναι μεγάλο

ASL: This house is big

Italian: Questa casa è grande

German: Das Haus ist groß

Spanish: Esta casa es grande

French: Cette maison est grande

Thursday, March 7, 2019

Space Shuttle


We just learned about the Ariane rocket.

Another famous rocket is the Space Shuttle, made in the USA in 1981.

This was a kind of airplane made for doing work in outer space, and then bringing people home.
The space shuttle had two big rockets to help it launch called "Solid Rocket Boosters" or SRBs.
These are the tall skinny white rockets on either side of the shuttle.

These SRBs used solid rocket propellant, together weighed about 2.6 million pounds, were about 150 feet long, and 12 feet wide.
When the shuttle was launched, these rockets helped bring it to 28 miles up into the sky, at a speed of over 3,000 miles per hour.
They used gimbaled thrust like we learned about, to tilt the engine nozzle and steer the rocket, and they used gyroscopes to make sure they were going the right way.
After these rockets ran out of fuel, they would let go of the shuttle and fall to earth with a parachute.
When they made it down to earth, they were found and fixed up and reused over and over again.

The Space Shuttle main engine, called the SSME uses liquid fuel, and has three rocket engines with nozzles at the bottom of the space shuttle.
These engine nozzles also used gimbaled thrust, just like the SRBs.
It holds its fuel in a giant fuel tank called the Space Shuttle external tank (ET).
The ETs weighed over 70,000 pounds, was over 150 feet long, and 27 feet wide.

During launch, the SSME would burn the fuel in the fuel tank for about eight minutes, and then it would drop off the ET which would fall into the ocean and never be reused.

After it was coming back from space it used small thrusters called the Reaction Control System or RCS to help steer it down, and then it mostly flew down to earth like a glider.

The space shuttle flew 135 missions into space, from 1981 to 2011.







(from: wikipedia - space shuttle)


Space Shuttle Launch Audio - play LOUD (no music) HD 1080p - indiegun


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Seismite

Wednesday, March 6, 2019

Nomura's Jellyfish


We just learned about the Moon Jellyfish.

Another type of jellyfish is Nomura's Jellyfish.

This is the biggest jellyfish in the world, and can grow to be over 6 feet wide and weigh over 400 pounds!
In only six months they can grow from the size of a grain of rice to 6 feet wide.

They live over near China in the Yellow sea and East China sea.
For food these jellies start eating small things like plankton, but then as they get bigger they will eat some kinds fish.
Other animals that eat these jellies are swordfish, tuna, sunfish and leatherback turtles.
Even some people eat these, and in Japan someone makes a type of vanilla and jellyfish flavored ice cream.

They do have a sting that is painful, but as long as the person gets to a doctor they will be ok.





(from: wikipedia - nomura's jellyfish)


Nomura's Jellyfish, Japan - SuiTube5


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Blue Ringed Octopus