Sunday, March 31, 2019


We just learned about the Pope.

Another part of early Christian history is the Antipope.

This might sound like a bad person who is fighting against the Pope, but really it's just another person who wants to be Pope.

Sometimes when there is a new pope being chosen there are two people who want the job.
After one person gets chosen as the pope, sometimes the other person does not agree, and tries to say that they are the pope instead.

So the person that was chosen becomes the pope, and the other one who disagrees is called the antipope.

(from: wikipedia - antipope)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Philip the Evangelist

Saturday, March 30, 2019

Sanchi Stupa

We just learned about the Mshatta Facade.

Another famous Indian sculpture is the Sanchi Stupa.

A stupa is a dome shaped building that is like a temple for worship in India.

The town of Sanchi has a big one called The Great Stupa that was built sometime around 200 AD.

We learned before about the Sanchi Capital of Ashoka that was on top of a big pillar just outside the building.

Close to the Sanchi Stupa are a few other stupas, and only a few miles away is a place with over 60 stupas!
These stupas had sculptures all over them, and also some other pillars with capitals like the one with the lions.

(from: wikipedia - sanchi)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tang Dynasty Tomb Figures of Liu Tingxun

Friday, March 29, 2019

Norwegian - Your food is hot

We just learned that in Norwegian:
This house is big: Dette huset er stort
This chair is small: Stolen er liten
My drink is cold: Min drikke er kald

Let's learn about more things we see every day.

To say your food is hot you would say Maten er varm.

Your food - Maten - sounds like mah-ten

is - er - sounds like eh-r

hot - varm - Sounds like vah-r-m

So all together Maten er varm sounds like mah-ten eh-r vah-r-m.

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: Το φαγητό είναι ζεστό (To fagitó eínai zestó)

ASL: Your food is hot

Italian: Il vostro cibo è caldo

German: Ihr Essen ist heiß

Spanish: Tu comida está caliente

French: Votre nourriture est chaud

Thursday, March 28, 2019


We just learned about the Falcon Heavy rocket engine made by SpaceX.
From rocket fuel to navigation systems to the history of rockets, we've learned a whole lot about rockets!

Let's move on to something new, called Forensics!

This is the science of figuring out things that happened, by looking around for clues.
The word "forensic" comes from the Latin language and means "of or before the forum".
In the old days when someone did something bad, they would have to come before a group of people called a forum and tell them what happened.

When detectives and police officers are working to solve crimes, they use forensic science to look around at the place where the crime happened and see if they can figure out what really happened.

This can be things like fingerprints, talking to people who saw the crime, or even looking at what kind of animals are in the area!

Famous detectives from books like Sherlock Holmes were experts in forensics and could figure out any crime that happened!

(from: wikipedia - forensic science)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Rocket Propellant

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Black Sea Nettle

We just learned about the Fried Egg Jellyfish.

Another type of jellyfish is the Black Sea Nettle, also called the black jellyfish, sarlacc jellyfish, or chrysaora achlyos.

This type of jelly lives in the Pacific Ocean, from California to British Columbia.

They can grow to be very big, over 3 feet wide and about 20 feet long.
The color of their bell top can be dark purple or black, and their tentacles are usually a lighter purple color.

For food these jellies eat plankton or other jellyfish by stinging them and then using their tentacles to bring them to to their mouths.
Their tentacles have thousands of stingers that stun or kill their prey.
People would get a painful sting from them, but they are not deadly.

(from: wikipedia - chrysaora achlyos)

Diving with Black Sea Nettle Jellyfish ( Chrysaora achlyos ) - CDub

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Firefly Squid

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Foramen Cecum

We just learned about the Sulcus Terminus.

Another part of the tongue is the Foramen Cecum.

Remember the median sulcus is the line that goes down the middle of your tongue.
At the back of your tongue, and at the end of that line is the foramen cecum.

We also learned that the sulcus terminus is a v shape at the back of the tongue.
In the middle of the v shape is the foramen cecum.

So right where the "median sulcus" line and "sulcus terminus" v shape meet is the "foramen cecum" point.

(from: wikipedia - tongue)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Talocrural and Ankle Ligaments

Monday, March 25, 2019


We just learned about the Motte.

Another part of a castle is the Bailey.

A bailey is a big courtyard with a wall around it, that is next to the motte.

The motte was up higher, so people could be up on the bailey and look down into the bailey to make sure everything was going ok.

(from: wikipedia - motte and bailey)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Campeche

Sunday, March 24, 2019


We just learned about the Ignatius of Antioch.

Another part of early Christianity is the Pope.

After Jesus died, the apostles went around and tried to help tell people about Jesus.
When groups of people would get together and worship Jesus, that place became a church.
The leaders of big areas that had one or more churches was called a bishop.
This bishop was in charge of trying to make sure people were taught the right things, and if anyone needed help they could come to the bishop to ask for help.

The first bishop was Peter, one of Jesus' apostles.
He became the bishop of Rome.
Because Rome was the city in charge of everything, the bishop in Rome was the bishop in charge of all the other bishops.
They called this bishop of Rome the "Pope" which comes from the greek πάππας (pappas) meaning "father".

There have been over 250 popes since St. Peter.
These days the Pope lives in the country known as the Vatican, and is the leader of the Catholic church.

(from: wikipedia - pope)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Saint Stephen

Saturday, March 23, 2019

Mshatta Facade

We just learned about the Khajuraho Group of Monuments.

Another famous work of art is the Mshatta Facade.

This used to be part of one of the desert castles in the country of Jordan.

The castle was later abandoned and ruined by some earthquakes.
In 1840, the sultan in Jordan named Abdul Hamid II gave this nice looking piece of the old castle as a gift to the German emperor named Wilhelm II, and it is now in a German museum.
It is about 16 feet tall, and over 100 feet long.

(from: wikipedia - mshatta facade)

(from: wikipedia - qasr al-mshatta)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Terracotta Army

Friday, March 22, 2019

Norwegian - My drink is cold

We just learned that in Norwegian:
This house is big: Dette huset er stort
This chair is small: Stolen er liten

Let's learn about more things we see every day.

To say My drink is cold, we say Min drikke er kald.

Here's how to say it:

My - Min - sounds like min

drink - drikke - sounds like d-dee-kah

is - er - sounds like ah-r

cold - kald - sounds like kah-ld

So all together Min drikke er kald sounds like min d-dee-kah ah-r kah-ld.

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: Το ποτό μου είναι κρύο (To potó mou eínai krýo)

ASL: My drink is cold

Italian: La mia bevanda è freddo

German: Mein Getränk ist kalt

Spanish: Mi bebida es fría

French: Ma boisson est froid

Thursday, March 21, 2019

Falcon Heavy

We just learned about the Falcon rocket.

Another SpaceX rocket is the Falcon Heavy.

This rocket is a lot more powerful than just one Falcon rocket, and it is being made to hopefully some day take people into outer space, to the Moon or even to Mars!

It is made from three "Falcon 9" rockets strapped together.
The one in the middle is the core main rocket, and the two on the outside are booster rockets.

This rocket can carry a lot of weight, about 141,000 pounds into outer space!
On the first of the Falcon Heavy rocket launch, the owner Elon Musk sent his car into space, a shiny red Tesla Roadster, and they also put a fake person inside in a space suit, and nicknamed him "Starman".

When the space craft makes it up into space, the Falcon 9 rockets actually fall off the main spacecraft and fall back to earth.
They don't crash into the ocean though, they actually use guidance systems to come back down to the ground and land safely on a launch pad so they can be used again!

(from: wikipedia - falcon heavy)

Falcon Heavy boosters landing - SciNews

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Rockets

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Fried Egg Jellyfish

We just learned about the Blue Blubber Jellyfish.

Another type of jellyfish is the Fried Egg Jellyfish or egg yolk jellyfish.

There are two types of jellyfish that have this nickname.
Their big long science names are phacellophora camtschatica, and cotylorhiza tuberculata.

The phacellophora camtschatica grows up to 2 feet wide and has tentacles up to 20 feet long.
It lives in the cold water of the ocean.
To eat, it snacks on other tiny jellyfish or types of plankton that get stuck in its long tentacles.
This jelly's sting is so weak that sometimes small crabs will ride on top of its bell and will even steal food that it has trapped in its tentacles!

(from: wikipedia - phacellophora camtschatica)

Egg Yolk Jellyfish - Phacellophora camtschatica - Jellyfish Are Awesome

The cotylorhiza tuberculata grows to about 16 inches wide, but its tentacles are much shorter.
It lives in warmer water, mostly in the Mediterranean Sea, and is sometimes even called the Mediterranean Jellyfish.
There are so many jellies in that water that they get in the way of boating and fishing, and sometimes they will remove thousands of jellyfish in a year!

(from: wikipedia - cotylorhiza tuberculata)

Samos - Fried egg jellyfish - Torben Olsen

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cirroteuthis Octopus

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Sulcus Terminus

We just learned about the Median Sulcus.

Another part of the human tongue is the Sulcus Terminus.

This is all the way on the back of the tongue.
Right before the back of the throat, some of the skin in the tongue makes a V-shape,
that comes to a point in the middle right at the end of the median sulcus before going down the throat.

This is called the sulcus terminus.

(from: wikipedia - tongue)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Inferior Tibiofibular Joint

Monday, March 18, 2019


We just learned about Castles and Palaces.

Castles have all sorts of different things that they use for defense or attack.

One thing some castles have is called a Motte.

A motte is like a large hill made out of dirt, with the top part being flattened out.
Usually there was also a ditch around the bottom of the motte, and a castle was built on top of the flat hill.

(from: wikipedia - castle)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nayarit

Sunday, March 17, 2019

Ignatius of Antioch

We just learned about the Peshitta.

Another person early Christian history is Ignatius of Antioch.

Ignatius was one of the people known as the "Church Fathers" because he was a student of one of the disciples, and he helped spread the word of God and tell other people about Jesus.

He even wrote letters, kind of like some of the ones that Paul wrote that are in the Bible.
These letters are to other towns with groups of people starting churches, and he was writing to tell them to keep up the good work and help give them instructions.

Ignatius wrote letters to: The Ephesians, Magnesians, Trallians, Romans, Philadelphians, Smyrnaeans, and to Polycarp the Bishop of Smyrna.

(from: wikipedia - ignatius of antioch)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ananias of Damascus

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Khajuraho Group of Monuments

We just learned about the Mukteshvara Temple.

Another famous Indian sculpture is the Khajuraho Group of Monuments.

This is a bunch of temples in Chhatarpur, Madhya Pradesh, India, built between 950 and 1050 AD.

Long ago there were over 85 temples spread over several miles.
Through the years many of them were destroyed, and there are only about 25 left.

The temples have sculptures of people all over them.

(from: wikipedia - khajuraho group of monuments)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Buddha, flanked by Herakles and Tychee

Friday, March 15, 2019

Norwegian - The chair is small

We just learned that in Norwegian to say this house is big you say Dette huset er stort.

Let's learn about more things we see every day.

To say The chair is small, we say Stolen er liten

We can break it up into three words:

The chair - Stolen - sounds like stoh-len

is - er - sounds like ah-r

small - liten - Sounds like lee-ten

So all together stolen er liten sounds like stoh-len ah-r lee-ten.

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: Η καρέκλα είναι μικρή

ASL: This chair is small

Italian: La sedia è piccolo

German: Der Stuhl ist klein

Spanish: La silla es pequeña

French: La chaise est petit

Thursday, March 14, 2019


We just learned about the Space Shuttle.

Another famous rocket is the Falcon made by SpaceX in 2008.

In 2002 the SpaceX company was started by Elon Musk as a way to try and build rockets to go to outer space and even someday Mars!

The big difference with SpaceX is that it was a business that was in charge, instead of a people that worked for the government like USA or Russia.

These rockets were two stage, and made to use liquid rocket fuel.
Elon Musk said that the name of the Falcon rocket came from the Millennium Falcon from Star Wars!

(from: wikipedia - falcon 1)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Speleoseismite

Wednesday, March 13, 2019

Blue Blubber Jellyfish

We just learned about the Nomura's Jellyfish.

Another type of jellyfish is the Blue Blubber Jellyfish, also called the jelly blubber or catostylus mosaicus.

This type of jelly lives over by Australia, and swims around with lots of other blue blubbers in big swarms.

Sometimes it is blue, or white or even brown, and it grows to be about 18 inches.
They mostly eat small things like plankton or fish, and they have stingers that hurt people but won't kill a human.

(from: wikipedia - jelly blubber)

Blue Blubber Jellyfish Tank --The Aquarium King-- - The Aquarium King

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Grimpoteuthis - Dumbo Octopus

Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Median Sulcus

We just learned about the Circumvallate Papillae.

Another part of the tongue is the Median Sulcus.

Right on the top middle of your tongue there is a line going all the way from front to back.

This line is the median sulcus, and it divides the tongue into a left and right side.
It's sort of like a line in a piece of paper that's been folded, and most people can fold their tongue in half right there inside their mouth.
With the tongue folded right on that line, sometimes it can help when eating food.

(from: wikipedia - tongue)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Superior Tibiofibular Ligaments

Monday, March 11, 2019

Castles and Palaces

We just learned about the Frankenstein Castle.

So far we've learned about a lot of castles and palaces, but what's the difference between a castle and a palace?

The word castle comes from the a word meaning "fortified place".
The word palace comes from the hill named "Palatine Hill" in Rome, where the Roman Emperor's lived.

A castle is a place that is fortified, which means it usually has big walls, or a moat, or other ways of protecting the people who live there form being attacked.
It's also the home of a royal person like a lord or noble.

A palace is a big fancy building, and usually the home of someone royal like a king, or bishop, but they are not usually fortified because people are always coming to visit.

Another building name was "fortress" which is kind of like a castle but usually not a home for a royal person.

(from: wikipedia - castle)

(from: wikipedia - palace)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tlaxcala