Monday, August 31, 2020

Outlet Glacier

We just learned about the Antarctic Glaciers.

There are a lot of different types of glaciers. One type is called a Outlet Glacier.

This type of glacier is usually on the outside of another glacier called an inland glacier.
The inland glacier drains water to the outlet glacier, that then drains water when it melts to some other place.

It is an outlet glacier because it is at the end of a glacier and gives the water an outlet to leave the glaciers and go onto land or an ocean.

(from: wikipedia - helheim glacier)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Hoarding

Sunday, August 30, 2020

Divine Comedy - Inferno

We just learned about the Divine Comedy.

Another part of early Christianity is Divine Comedy - Inferno.

We've learned that the Divine Comedy was a story about a man named Dante getting to see what heaven and hell are like.

Because this story was so popular, many people came to believe the things he wrote about are actually what heaven or hell are like.

When he wrote about hell, which he called inferno, he said there were 9 levels, called circles.

Each of the circles was bad, and had terrible things like terrible storms, freezing smelly rain, heavy stones to carry, smelly slimy swamps, fires, boiling rivers, burning sand, and many monsters.

This story uses a lot of things from Greek mythology like the river Styx, the dog cerebus, medusa and the minotaur.

Even though it was just a story and mixed things together like Christianity and Greek mythology, a lot of people believed that maybe he was right, and so for a long time people have talked about the circles or levels of hell and the different types of monsters and punishments there.

(from: wikipedia - inferno (dante))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Monasticism

Saturday, August 29, 2020

Pennsylvania Railroad World War II Memorial - Hancock

We just learned about the Astor Memorial Doors by Karl Bitter.

Another famous American scultpure is the Pennsylvania Railroad World War II Memorial made by Walker Hancock in 1952.

After many people died in world war II that worked for the railroad, they wanted to put up a memorial to remember the people who served in the war.

Walker Hancock was born in Missouri and later went to school for art in Pennsylvania.
He was born in 1901 served in World War II, and was one of the people known as Monuments Men who helped save famous works of arts that had been stolen by the Nazis.

(from: wikipedia - pennsylvania railroad world war ii memorial)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Serpent Labret with Articulated Tongue

Friday, August 28, 2020

Russian - Counting to Eighty Nine

We counted to 79 in Russian, let's keep going!

80 восемьдесят (vosem'desyat) - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t 文A

81 восемьдесят один (vosem'desyat odin) - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t oh-dee-n 文A

82 восемьдесят два (vosem'desyat dva) - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t d-vah 文A

83 восемьдесят три (vosem'desyat tri) - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t t-dee 文A

84 восемьдесят четыре (vosem'desyat chetyre) - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t cheh-tee-dee 文A

85 восемьдесят пять (vosem'desyat pyat') - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t pee-yah-t 文A

86 восемьдесят шесть (vosem'desyat shest') - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t sheh-s-t 文A

87 восемьдесят семь (vosem'desyat sem') - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t seh-m 文A

88 восемьдесят восемь (vosem'desyat vosem') - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t voh-seh-m 文A

89 восемьдесят девять (vosem'desyat devyat') - sounds like voy-sehm-day-s-yah-t day-v-yah-t 文A

russian language
(from: wikipedia - russian academy of sciences)

Norwegian: åtti, åttiett, åttito, åttitre, åttifire, åttifem, åttiseks, åttisyv, åtti οκτώ, åttini

Greek: ογδόντα (ogdónta), ογδόντα ένα (ogdónta éna), ογδόντα δύο (ogdónta dýo), ογδόντα τρεις (ogdónta treis), ογδόντα τέσσερις (ogdónta tésseris), ογδόντα πέντε (ogdónta pénte), ογδόντα έξι (ogdónta éxi), ογδόντα επτά (ogdónta eptá), ογδόντα οκτώ (ogdónta októ), ογδόντα εννέα (ogdónta ennéa)

ASL: eighty, eighty one, eighty two, eighty three, eighty four, eighty five, eighty six, eighty seven, eighty eight, eighty nine

Italian: ottanta, unottanta, ottantadue, ottantatre, ottantaquattro, ottantacinque, ottantasei, ottantasette, ottantotto, ottantanove

German: achtzig, einundachtzig, zweiundachtzig, dreiundachtzig, vierundachtzig, fünfundachtzig, sechsundachtzig, siebenundachtzig, achtundachtzig, neunundachtzig

Spanish: ochenta, ochenta y uno, ochenta y dos, ochenta y tres, ochenta y cuatro, ochenta y cinco, ochenta y seis, ochenta y siete, ochenta y ocho, ochenta y nueve

French: quatre-vingts, quatre-vingts-un, quatre vingt deux, quatre vingt trois, quatre vingt quatre, quatre vingt cinq, quatre vingt six, quatre vingt sept, quatre vingt huit, quatre vingt neuf

Thursday, August 27, 2020

Sand Dome

We just learned about the Safety Valve.

Another part of a locomotive is a Sand Dome or Sand Box.

When a locomotive is speeding down the tracks and the metal tracks get wet, sometimes the wheels might slip.
To keep from slipping, the locomotives can spray sand onto the rails as the train is going.

On top of the train is a dome that opens up so the sand box can be filled up with sand when the train stops at the station, just like it does with water.
The sand goes down into a pipe, and when the engineer pulls the right lever it opens up the sand pipe and using some of the steam it can blow grains of sand onto the tracks so the train doesn't slip and slide.

(from: wikipedia - sandbox (locomotive))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Electric Motor

Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Sand Cat

We just learned about the Black Footed Cat.

Another type of wild cat is the Sand Cat, also called the Sand Dune Cat or the Felis Margarita.

Just like you might think from its name, this cat lives in deserts far away from water, in places like Africa and Asia.

It has sandy brown fur with some black stripes and spots, is about 2 feet long, and is about 7 pounds.
These cats have a flat wide head, with very wide ears sitting lower on their head than most cats, so they can better hear their prey moving under the sand.
Their ears are 5 times better than a normal cat, so they can hear from far away and sneak up on other animals.

On their paws, these cats have extra fur to help protect them from the heat and cold of the desert sand.

(from: wikipedia - sand cat)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Green Hydra

Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Bone Marrow

We just learned about the Lymph Nodes.

Another part of the lymphatic system is Bone Marrow.

When we think about our bones, we think of them as hard solid.
But inside our bones is something called bone marrow.

This bone marrow is soft, and is mostly white with some yellow and red.

When we think about blood, we just think of it red liquid, but there are really two types of blood cells called red and white blood cells.
Marrow is where these blood cells in the body are made, and even though we think of the outside of our bones as solid there are really small arteries and veins there that bring the fresh blood cells out of the bone marrow to go to the rest of the body.

(from: wikipedia - bone marrow)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cornea

Monday, August 24, 2020

Antarctic Glaciers

We just learned about the Ross Gyre.

Another part of Antarctica is the number of Antarctic Glaciers.

We know that the Antarctic Ice sheet goes over all of Antarctica, but there are a lot of smaller ice sheets that people have given names to and put on maps. There are thousands of different glaciers of different types in Antarctica, like outlet glaciers, valley glaciers, cirque glaciers, tidewater glaciers and ice streams.

Each different type of glacier have different shapes and do different things for the ice and water in Antarctica.

The biggest glacier in Antarctica is the Lambert Glacier.

It is 50 miles wide, over 250 miles long and over a mile and a half deep!

(from: wikipedia - lambert glacier)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Yett

Sunday, August 23, 2020

Divine Comedy

We just learned about the Medieval Inquisition.

Another part of early Christianity is the book the Divine Comedy.

This was written by a man named Dante Alighieri who was an Italian poet.

Long ago there were many ideas about what heaven and hell looked like.
The different mythologies from Romans and Greeks and other people mixed together and a lot of people took those ideas and mixed them in with what the Bible says about heaven and hell.

Dante wrote this book of poetry and talked about going into hell and heaven, and a lot of the places that he described going are a lot like the stories from mythology.

No one really knows what hell and heaven look like, but Dante's book was so popular that many people started to believe that what he wrote about was what they really looked like.

(from: wikipedia - divine comedy)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Fifty Bibles of Constantine

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Astor Memorial Doors - Karl Bitter

We just learned about the Alexander Macomb - Adolph Alexander Weinman.

Another famous architectural sculpture is the Astor Memorial Doors by Karl Bitter, made in 1891 in New York at Trinity Church.

The doors were named for John Jacob Astor, who was a very famous business person in America.

The tympanum top of the sculpture has a big sculpture of Jesus standing above his 12 apostles.
On the doors are six sculpted picture boxes showing stories from the Bible: Adam and Eve, Jacob, Jesus' empty tomb, Jesus' mother Mary, praying at church, and heaven

The sculptor Karl Bitter was born in Austria in 1867.
He grew up there and learned how to be a sculptor, and then when he was 21 he moved to America.

While he was living in New York City he entered the competition to sculpt these Astor Memorial Doors, and won.
After that he had some money and people knew about him so he went on to make many more sculptures, mostly architectural as part of buildings.

(from: wikipedia - karl bitter)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Olmec Colossal Heads

Friday, August 21, 2020

Russian - Counting to Seventy Nine

We counted to 69 in Russian, let's keep going!

70 семьдесят (sem'desyat) - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t 文A

71 семьдесят один (sem'desyat odin) - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t oh-dee-n 文A

72 семьдесят два (sem'desyat dva) - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t d-vah 文A

73 семьдесят три (sem'desyat tri) - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t t-dee 文A

74 семьдесят четыре (sem'desyat chetyre) - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t cheh-tee-dee 文A

75 семьдесят пять (sem'desyat pyat') - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t pee-yah-t 文A

76 семьдесят шесть (sem'desyat shest') - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t sheh-s-t 文A

77 семьдесят семь (sem'desyat sem') - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t seh-m 文A

78 семьдесят восемь (sem'desyat vosem') - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t voh-seh-m 文A

79 семьдесят девять (sem'desyat devyat') - sounds like sehm-deh-s-yah-t day-v-yah-t 文A

russian language
(from: wikipedia - russian academy of sciences)

Norwegian: sytti, sytti en, syttito, syttitre, sytti-fire, syttifem, syttiseks, sytti syv, syttiåtte, syttini

Greek: εβδομήντα (evdomínta), εβδομήντα ένα (evdomínta éna), εβδομήντα δύο (evdomínta dýo), εβδομήντα τρεις (evdomínta treis), εβδομήντα τέσσερις (evdomínta tésseris), εβδομήντα πέντε (evdomínta pénte), εβδομήντα έξι (evdomínta éxi), εβδομήντα επτά (evdomínta eptá), εβδομήντα οκτώ (evdomínta októ), εβδομήντα εννέα (evdomínta ennéa)

ASL: seventy, seventy one, seventy two, seventy three, seventy four, seventy five, seventy six, seventy seven, seventy eight, seventy nine

Italian: settanta, settantuno, settantadue, settantatre, settantaquattro, settantacinque, settantasei, settantasette, settantotto, settantanove

German: siebzig, einundsiebzig, zweiundsiebzig, dreiundsiebzig, vierundsiebzig, fünfundsiebzig, sechsundsiebzig, siebenundsiebzig, achtundsiebzig, neunundsiebzig

Spanish: setenta, setenta y uno, setenta y dos, setenta y tres, setenta y cuatro, setenta y cinco, setenta y seis, setenta y siete, setenta y ocho, setenta y nueve

French: soixante-dix, soixante et onze, soixante-douze, soixante-treize, soixante-quatorze, soixante-quinze, soixante-seize, soixante dix sept, soixante dix huit, soixante dix neuf

Thursday, August 20, 2020

Safety Valve

We just learned about the Johnson Bar that controls the train speed.

Another part of a steam locomotive was the Safety Valve.

This was a valve that could be opened to let off steam if the pressure in the steam engine was getting too high.

(from: wikipedia - safety valve)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Bearing

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Black-Footed Cat

We just learned about the Jungle Cat.

Another type of wild cat is the Black Footed Cat.

This is a small cat that lives in Africa and has a brown fur with black spots and stripes on it.
These cats are less than 2 feet long, and weigh about 5 pounds.

Even though their name is black footed cat, the only bottom parts of their feet are black.

(from: wikipedia - black-footed cat)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: String Jellyfish

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Lymph Nodes

We just learned about the Lymphatic Vessel.

Another part of the lymphatic system is the Lymph Node.

So we know that lymph is carried in the lymph capillaries and then the lymphatic vessels.
The lymphatic vessels bring the lymph to the Lymph Node.

This is a kidney bean shaped small part of the body that helps filter out bad stuff in the lymph.
It keeps the bad stuff in the lymph node and lets the other liquid lymph go back out to circulate.

The lymph nodes try to fight off the bad stuff collected inside them, and if there is too much bad stuff collected, then your lymph nodes can fill up and get swollen.

Sometimes if you are sick, you can feel on the side of your neck and feel a little lymph node bump sticking out.
Doctors can feel that area and if your lymph nodes are swollen that is a sign you are probably sick and they can do some other tests to try and figure out what sickness you have.

An adult has about 450 lymph nodes in their body, so the lymph gets carried all over and collected in these lymph nodes.

(from: wikipedia - lymph node)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Eye Color

Monday, August 17, 2020

Ross Gyre

We just learned about the Weddell Gyre.

Another gyre in Antarctica is the Ross Gyre.

This one is just like the Weddel Gyre, but it is in the Ross Sea which is on the other side of the Antarctic Peninsula from the Weddell Sea.

(from: wikipedia - ross gyre)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Portcullis

Sunday, August 16, 2020

Medieval Inquisition

We just learned about the Dominican Order.

Another part of early Christianity was the Medieval Inquisition.

We've learned that orthodoxy is what the church says you are supposed to do, and heresy is what the church says you are not supposed to do.

Long ago in many states and countries it was against the law to do or say something that was heresy.
If you were caught, the king or lord of the land would have a trial, and if you were found guilty you could be killed.

The church leaders decided that the kings and lords shouldn't be in charge of those trials, because they didn't know the laws that well.
They also wanted to try and give people the chance to learn what they did wrong and stop being heretics instead of being killed.

The church would send people from the Dominican or Franciscan order as judges to rule on trials as to whether the person was really bad or if they were just confused and needed to learn the right orthodox way to believe.
These trials were called Inquisitions.

For a while the Inquisitions were peaceful and did not allow anyone to be hurt. They were actually better than trials from the kings or lords where people were hurt and killed a lot more.

But as time went on the Inquisitions changed, and the Dominican and Franciscan leaders started to hurt people during the trials, to try and force them to admit that they had done something bad and were heretics.

(from: wikipedia - medieval inquisition)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Four Great Uncials

Saturday, August 15, 2020

Alexander Macomb - Adolph Alexander Weinman

We just learned about the Nebraska State Capitol - The Sower - Lee Lawrie.

Another famous American statue is the sculpture of Alexander Macomb made by Adolph Alexander Weinman in Detroit Michigan in 1908.

Alexander Macomb was born in Detroit and went on to be the commander of the US Army.
In Michigan the area called Macomb County was named after him.

The artist Weinman was from Germany and moved to the US to live in New York when he was 14.
He spent most of his life working on buildings as an architectural sculptor, but also did some statues like this one in Detroit.

(from: wikipedia - adolph alexander weinman)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nubian Pyramids

Friday, August 14, 2020

Russian - Counting to Sixty Nine

We counted to 59 in Russian, let's keep going!

60 шестьдесят (shest'desyat) - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t 文A

61 шестьдесят один (shest'desyat odin) - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t oh-dee-n 文A

62 шестьдесят два (shest'desyat dva) - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t d-vah 文A

63 шестьдесят три (shest'desyat tri) - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t t-dee 文A

64 шестьдесят четыре (shest'desyat chetyre) - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t cheh-tee-dee 文A

65 шестьдесят пять (shest'desyat pyat') - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t pee-yah-t 文A

66 шестьдесят шесть (shest'desyat shest') - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t sheh-s-t 文A

67 шестьдесят семь (shest'desyat sem') - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t seh-m 文A

68 шестьдесят восемь (shest'desyat vosem') - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t voh-seh-m 文A

69 шестьдесят девять (shest'desyat devyat') - sounds like sheh-st-deh-s-yah-t day-v-yah-t 文A

russian language
(from: wikipedia - russian academy of sciences)

Norwegian: seksti, sekstien, seksti to, sekstitre, sekstifire, sekstifem, sekstiseks, sekstiju, seksti åtte, sekstini

Greek: εξήντα (exínta), εξήντα ένα (exínta éna), εξήντα δύο (exínta dýo), εξήντα τρεις (exínta treis), εξήντα τέσσερις (exínta tésseris), εξήντα πέντε (exínta pénte), εξήντα έξι (exínta éxi), εξήντα επτά (exínta eptá), εξήντα οκτώ (exínta októ), εξήντα εννέα (exínta ennéa)

ASL: fifty, fifty one, fifty two, fifty three, fifty four, fifty five, fifty six, fifty seven, fifty eight, fifty nine

Italian: sessanta, sessantuno, sessantadue, sessantatre, sessantaquattro, sessantacinque, sessantasei, sessantasette, sessantotto, sessantanove

German: sechzig, einundsechzig, zweiundsechzig, dreiundsechzig, vierundsechzig, fünfundsechzig, sechsundsechzig, siebenundsechzig, achtundsechzig, neunundsechzig

Spanish: sesenta, sesenta y uno, sesenta y dos, sesenta y tres, sesenta y cuatro, sesenta y cinco, sesenta y seis, sesenta y siete, sesenta y ocho, sesenta y nueve

French: soixante, soixante et un, soixante-deux, soixante-trois, soixante-quatre, soixante-cinq, soixante-six, soixante-sept, soixante-huit, soixante-neuf

Thursday, August 13, 2020

Johnson Bar

We just learned about the Valve Gear.

Another part of a steam locomotive is the Johnson Bar, also called the reach rod or reversing lever.

This is a lever that is hooked up to the Valve Gear, and is up in the Cab so that the engineer can push or pull on it to control the speed.

No one really knows why it has the name of Johnson Bar!

(from: wikipedia - johnson bar (locomotive))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Axle

Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Jungle Cat

We just learned about the Flat-Headed Cat.

Another type of wild cat is the Jungle Cat, also called the reed cat or swamp cat.

This cat lives in Asia, and has brown or grey fur.
It is a little over 2 feet long and can weigh up to 35 pounds.

The ears on these cats have a little tuft of black hair, and they have a white mouth.
They have a few dark lines on their front legs.

These cats mostly live in wetlands like swamps or grasslands, which is how it got it's nickname the reed cat or swamp cat.

(from: wikipedia - jungle cat)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Freshwater Jellyfish

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Lymphatic Vessel

We just learned about the Lymph Capillary.

Another part of the lymphatic system is the Lymphatic Vessel.

These are like the veins and arteries in the body, but they carry lymph around the body.

The lymph is either brough to something called a lymph node, lymph duct or to a blood vein.

There are two types of lymphatic vessles:
- afferent lymph vessels: Bring lymph to a lymph node
- efferent lymph vessels: Bring lymph away from a lymph node

(from: wikipedia - lymphatic vessel)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Iris

Monday, August 10, 2020

Weddell Gyre

We just learned that an Ocean Gyre is a way that water flows around in all the oceans.

One of the ocean gyres in Antarctica is called the Weddell Gyre.

The Weddell Sea is the water by the Antarctic peninsula.

The water in this gyre mixes the super cold water right by Antarctica with the warmer southern Atlantic ocean water that is north of Antarctica.

(from: wikipedia - weddel gyre)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Drawbridge

Sunday, August 9, 2020

Dominican Order

We just learned about the Orthodoxy.

Another part of early Christianity is the Dominican Order.

We learned that the church all worked together and agree on rules that were called "Canon".
Following the rules is called "Orthodoxy", and breaking the rules is called "Heresy".

The Dominican Order is a group of people the church put in charge to make sure people followed the rules.

They were called the Dominican because the order was started by a church leader named Saint Dominic.

(from: wikipedia - dominican order)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Codex Vaticanus

Saturday, August 8, 2020

Nebraska State Capitol - The Sower - Lee Lawrie

We just learned about Philadelphia City Hall.

Another famous building with a lot of sculptures is the Nebraska State Capitol, and The Sower by Lee Lawrie.

This building was made in 1932, and has many sculptures and works of art all over it.

It is supposed to be all about growth, so the building is a big tower like a growing plant, and there is a statue on the top called "The Sower" of a person who has a bag of seeds and is throwing them out to grow.

Lee Lawrie was the artist who came up with the look of the building and the sculpture on the outside.

Lawrie was born in Germany, and moved to the US when he was a kid.
When he was 14 he got a job working as a sculptor and worked on the Nebraska capitol when he was 55 years old.

(from: wikipedia - nebraska state capitol)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Musawwarat Es Sufra

Friday, August 7, 2020

Russian - Counting to Fifty Nine

We counted to 49 in Russian, let's keep going!

50 пятьдесят (pyat'desyat) - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t 文A

51 пятьдесят один (pyat'desyat odin) - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t oh-dee-n 文A

52 пятьдесят два (pyat'desyat dva) - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t d-vah 文A

53 пятьдесят три (pyat'desyat tri) - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t t-dee 文A

54 пятьдесят четыре (pyat'desyat chetyre) - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t cheh-tee-dee 文A

55 пятьдесят пять (pyat'desyat pyat') - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t p-yah-t 文A

56 пятьдесят шесть (pyat'desyat shest') - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t sheh-st 文A

57 пятьдесят семь (pyat'desyat sem') - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t seh-m 文A

58 пятьдесят восемь (pyat'desyat vosem') - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t voh-seh-m 文A

59 пятьдесят девять (pyat'desyat devyat') - sounds like p-yah-t-deh-s-yah-t deh-v-yah-t 文A

russian language
(from: wikipedia - russian academy of sciences)

Norwegian: femti, femtien, femtito, femtitre, femtifire, femtifem, femtiseks, femtisyv, femti, femti ni

Greek: πενήντα (penínta), πενήντα ένα (penínta éna), πενήντα δύο (penínta dýo), πενήντα τρεις (penínta treis), πενήντα τέσσερις (penínta tésseris), πενήντα πέντε (penínta pénte), πενήντα έξι (penínta éxi), πενήντα επτά (penínta eptá), πενήντα οκτώ (penínta októ), πενήντα εννέα (penínta ennéa)

ASL: Fifty, fifty one, fifty two, fifty three, fifty four, fifty five, fifty six, fifty seven, fifty eight, fifty nine

Italian: cinquanta, cinquantuno, cinquanta due, cinquanta tre, cinquantaquattro, cinquantacinque, cinquantasei, cinquantasette, cinquantotto, cinquantanove

German: fünfzig, einundfünfzig, zweiundfünfzig, dreiundfünfzig, vierundfünfzig, fünfundfünfzig, sechsundfünfzig, siebenundfünfzig, achtundfünfzig, neunundfünfzig

Spanish: cincuenta, cincuenta y uno, cincuenta y dos, cincuenta y tres, cincuenta y cuatro, cincuenta y cinco, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y siete, cincuenta y ocho, cincuenta y nueve

French: cinquante, cinquante et un, cinquante-deux, cinquante-trois, cinquante-quatre, cinquante-cinq, cinquante-six, cinquante-sept, cinquante-huit, cinquante-deux

Thursday, August 6, 2020

Valve Gear

We just learned about the Train Whistle.

Another part of a steam engine is the Valve Gear.

This is a gear that is hooked up to the piston that is moving the train along, and lets the engineer open or close it to go faster or slower.

If they open the piston up all the way the train will go faster but will use more fuel.
If they close the piston all the way the train will go slower but will use less fuel.

(from: wikipedia - valve gear)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Shaft

Wednesday, August 5, 2020

Flat-Headed Cat

We just learned about the Fishing Cat.

Another type of wild cat is the Flat-Headed Cat.

These cats live in Southeast Asia, and there are not many of them left with less than 2,500 in the whole world.

Just like you might think from the name, these cats have a flat head!
They are a small cat, usually less than 2 feet long and weighing about 5 pounds.

Their eyes are very close together, and their canine teeth are very long for their body.
These cats have red/brown fur and a white belly, and they have some white stripes on their face.
In between the toes on their paws they have webbed feet to help them in the water.

These cats love the water and hunting fish.
When they hunt they put their whole head under the water and bite onto the fish, then drag it away and eat it!

(from: wikipedia - flat-headed cat)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Creeping Comb Jelly

Tuesday, August 4, 2020

Lymph Capillary

We just learned about Lymph.

Another part of the lymphatic system is the Lymph Capillary.

These are tiny little tubes a lot like the capillaries that carry blood, but they carry lymph instead, and they are a little smaller.

Remember that there are a bunch of left over liquids in the body that all make up what we call lymph.
The lymph gets sucked into these tiny capillaries that are all over the body.

These tiny tubes are like little collectors picking up all the lymph that gets left behind by the blood vessels or other organs, to carry it along the lymphatic system.

(from: wikipedia - lymph capillary)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pupil

Monday, August 3, 2020

Ocean Gyre

We just learned about the Antarctic Convergence.

Another part of the geography of Antarctica is the Ocean Gyre.

A gyre is an area in the ocean where the water flows around in an oval shape.
Even though there are smaller waves everywhere, there is an overall flow of the water.

In the northern part of the globe it flows clockwise, and in the south it is counter clockwise.

The gyres mix up the cold and warm water in the ocean and also carry plants animals and even garbage all around the world.
The ocean gyres that go around Antarctica help carry the cold water away from Antarctica to the rest of the ocean.

These swirling waters are made by the earth spinning around, and the water, wind and land pushing everything around.

(from: wikipedia - ocean gyre)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Castle Keep

Sunday, August 2, 2020


We just learned about the Heresy.

Another part of early Christianity is Orthodoxy.

Just like heresy is when someone breaks the laws of the church, orthodoxy is when someone follows the laws of the church.

The word orthodoxy comes from the Greek word ὀρθοδοξία (orthodoxía) meaning a correct opinion.
There are some churches like the Greek Orthodox Church that put that word in part of the name of their church to show that they try very hard to follow the rules of the church.

(from: wikipedia - orthodoxy)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Christology

Saturday, August 1, 2020

Philadelphia City Hall - Calder, Struthers

We just learned about the Crazy Horse Memorial.

Another famous American sculpture is Philadelphia City Hall, made in 1901.

This building was made of brick, marble and limestone.
When it was made, it was the largest building in the world where people could live and work.

The sculptors Alexander Calder and William Struthers worked together to make hundreds of sculptures that are on and around the building.

On the top of the building is a sculpture of William Penn, the person who first started the land of Pennsylvania and named it after himself.
It is made of bronze and is over 30 feet tall.

(from: wikipedia - philadelphia city hall)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lalibela Cross