Saturday, August 31, 2019

Serpent Labret with Articulated Tongue


We just learned about the Olmec Colossal Heads.

Another ancient art from the ancient Americas is the Serpent Labret with Articulated Tongue.

This is a type of jewelry that was worn in someone's pierced lower lip.
The snake would stick out, and the tongue would even move when they moved their head.
In the place now known as Mexico there were people called the Aztecs that would sometimes pierce their lips and wear things in their mouth like that.

It's made of gold, copper and silver, and was made long ago, some time around 1400 AD.



(from: wikipedia - serpent labret with articulated tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nestorian Stele

Friday, August 30, 2019

Norwegian - Counting to Eighty Nine


We counted to 79 in Norwegian, let's keep going!

80 åtti - sounds like aw-tee
81 åttiett - sounds like aw-tee eh-t
82 åttito - sounds like aw-tee too
83 åttitre - sounds like aw-tee t-day
84 åttifire - sounds like aw-tee fee-dah
85 åttifem - sounds like aw-tee fam
86 åttiseks - sounds like aw-tee seh-ks
87 åttisyv - sounds like aw-tee see-v
88 åtti οκτώ - sounds like aw-tee aw-tuh
89 åttini - sounds like aw-tee nee

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: ογδόντα (ogdónta), ογδόντα ένα (ogdónta éna), ογδόντα δύο (ogdónta dýo), ογδόντα τρεις (ogdónta treis), ογδόντα τέσσερις (ogdónta tésseris), ογδόντα πέντε (ogdónta pénte), ογδόντα έξι (ogdónta éxi), ογδόντα επτά (ogdónta eptá), ογδόντα οκτώ (ogdónta októ), ογδόντα εννέα (ogdónta ennéa)

ASL: eighty, eighty one, eighty two, eighty three, eighty four, eighty five, eighty six, eighty seven, eighty eight, eighty nine

Italian: ottanta, unottanta, ottantadue, ottantatre, ottantaquattro, ottantacinque, ottantasei, ottantasette, ottantotto, ottantanove

German: achtzig, einundachtzig, zweiundachtzig, dreiundachtzig, vierundachtzig, fünfundachtzig, sechsundachtzig, siebenundachtzig, achtundachtzig, neunundachtzig

Spanish: ochenta, ochenta y uno, ochenta y dos, ochenta y tres, ochenta y cuatro, ochenta y cinco, ochenta y seis, ochenta y siete, ochenta y ocho, ochenta y nueve

French: quatre-vingts, quatre-vingts-un, quatre vingt deux, quatre vingt trois, quatre vingt quatre, quatre vingt cinq, quatre vingt six, quatre vingt sept, quatre vingt huit, quatre vingt neuf

Thursday, August 29, 2019

Electric Motor


We just learned about the Bearing.

One type of motor used for a lot of things is an Elecric Motor.

This motor usually has some electric coils wrapped around a metal pole, spinning around inside a tube.

Some electric motors use the tube to force the pole to spin, and others take the energy from the spinning pole and use it to charge up electricity from the tube around it.


(from: wikipedia - electric motor)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Reaction Control System

Wednesday, August 28, 2019

Green Hydra


We just learned about the String Jellyfish.

Another type of hydrozoan is a Green Hydra, also called the Hydra Viridissima.

These are skinny green animals with tentacles, that are very small, only about 10 milimeters.

They eat tiny little insects and crustaceans.

Green Hyrdras mostly do not swim around anywhere and usually just live on top of other things in the water like plants.

Their green color comes from a type of green algea that grows on their body.

They can flex their body a little to move around if they have to, but mostly they just stay on the plant they are attached to.


(from: wikipedia - hydra viridissima)


Giftige Tierwelt: faszinierende Lebewesen im Tümpel. Süßwasserpolyp, Hydra viridissima - nature tv Lothar Lenz

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pharaoh Cuttlefish

Tuesday, August 27, 2019

Cornea


We just learned about how we get different Eye Colors.

Another part of the human eye is the Cornea.

This is the clear bubble that is on the front part of your eye.

It works kind of like a magnifying glass, and helps bring light into the eye so you can see.


(from: wikipedia - cornea)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tooth Impaction

Monday, August 26, 2019

Yett


We just learned about the Portcullis door that slides down.

Another type of castle door is the Yett.

This is a door made out of wrought iron bars, but it is on hinges and swings open and closed sideways like a normal door.



(from: wikipedia - yett)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Buda Castle

Sunday, August 25, 2019

Fifty Bibles of Constantine


We just learned about the Four Great Uncials.

Another part of early Christianity is the Fifty Bibles of Constantine.

When Constantine made it safe to be a Christian in Rome, a lot of people became Christians, and new churches started being made.

In these old times, they didn't have easy ways to make copies of books.
A person called a scribe had to write down by hand every single word every time they wanted to make a copy, so it was a lot of work.

Constantine wanted to make sure that all of the churches were teaching the right things, so he ordered that his scribes make 50 copies of the Bible, and that they would be sent to all the churches in the city of Constantinople.

Most of those Bibles were lost, but some people believe that the Four Great Uncials we just learned about where part of that collection.


(from: wikipedia - fifty bibles of constantine)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Linus - bishop of Rome

Saturday, August 24, 2019

Olmec Colossal Heads


We just learned about the Nubian Pyramids in Africa.

Another group of ancient sculptures are the Olmec Colossal Heads.

These are in the states of Veracruz and Tabasco, in Mexico.
They were made thousands of years ago, by the Olmec people who lived in that area long ago.

Archeologists have found 17 different heads built in the area, and all of them, from 4 feet to 11 feet tall.
Because they are so big and heavy, people think that these heads must have been made to honor rulers like kings or queens from those days.



(from: wikipedia - olmec colossal heads)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: He Zun

Friday, August 23, 2019

Norwegian - Counting to Seventy Nine


We counted to 69 in Norwegian, let's keep going!

70 sytti - sounds like seh-tee
71 sytti en - sounds like seh-tee ay-uhn
72 syttito - sounds like seh-tee too
73 syttitre - sounds like seh-tee t-day
74 sytti-fire - sounds like seh-tee fee-dah
75 syttifem - sounds like seh-tee fam
76 syttiseks - sounds like seh-tee seh-ks
77 sytti syv - sounds like seh-tee see-v
78 syttiåtte - sounds like seh-tee oh-tuh
79 syttini - sounds like seh-tee nee

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: εβδομήντα (evdomínta), εβδομήντα ένα (evdomínta éna), εβδομήντα δύο (evdomínta dýo), εβδομήντα τρεις (evdomínta treis), εβδομήντα τέσσερις (evdomínta tésseris), εβδομήντα πέντε (evdomínta pénte), εβδομήντα έξι (evdomínta éxi), εβδομήντα επτά (evdomínta eptá), εβδομήντα οκτώ (evdomínta októ), εβδομήντα εννέα (evdomínta ennéa)

ASL: seventy, seventy one, seventy two, seventy three, seventy four, seventy five, seventy six, seventy seven, seventy eight, seventy nine

Italian: settanta, settantuno, settantadue, settantatre, settantaquattro, settantacinque, settantasei, settantasette, settantotto, settantanove

German: siebzig, einundsiebzig, zweiundsiebzig, dreiundsiebzig, vierundsiebzig, fünfundsiebzig, sechsundsiebzig, siebenundsiebzig, achtundsiebzig, neunundsiebzig

Spanish: setenta, setenta y uno, setenta y dos, setenta y tres, setenta y cuatro, setenta y cinco, setenta y seis, setenta y siete, setenta y ocho, setenta y nueve

French: soixante-dix, soixante et onze, soixante-douze, soixante-treize, soixante-quatorze, soixante-quinze, soixante-seize, soixante dix sept, soixante dix huit, soixante dix neuf

Thursday, August 22, 2019

Bearing


We just learned about the Axle.

Another part of machine work is a Bearing.

This is something that lets one part of a wheel spin around without moving another.
Like on a fidget spinner, you can hold the middle of it and the outside will spin around.
Or like a front bicycle wheel, the wheel will spin around the hole in the middle where the front handlebar is attached.

Usually this is done using ball bearings, which are tiny little balls covered in slimy grease.
On the outside is one metal cylinder, then a bunch of ball bearings, and then a smaller inside cylinder.

The outside cylinder can spin while the inside one is stopped, or the other way around.



(from: wikipedia - bearing (mechanical))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Attitude Control

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

String Jellyfish


We just learned about the Freshwater Jellyfish.

Another type of animal is the String Jellyfish, also called the Barbed Wire Jellyfish, Long Stringy Stingy Thingy, and Apolemia Uvaria.

Just like some other animals, this looks like a jellyfish but it's actually a hydrozoan.

One String Jellyfish is really a whole bunch of little ones all attached together.

This animal can get up to about 10 feet long, and 2 inches wide.
They live like one big long string with pink and white tentacles.
The tentacles are all different animals stuck together on the one big long string in the middle.

These tentacles do have a painful sting but will not kill a person.



(from: wikipedia - apolemia uvaria)


Apolemia uvaria - Gaméou (La Ciotat) - AEGYPT0S

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Humboldt Squid

Tuesday, August 20, 2019

Eye Color


We just learned about the Iris that opens and closes the pupil.

Another part of the eye is the Eye Color.

The iris we learned about has two parts in it that help make up the eye color.
One is the stroma, and the other is the IPE, which stands for Iris Pigment Epithelium.

That's a lot of big words, but it basically means a bunch of stringy like parts that can have different colors that all blend together to make up your eye color.

The part the really makes a difference is something called melanin.
This is basically like dark paint that your body makes, and the more if it you make the darker your skin, hair and eyes are.

So someone with black hair, dark brown skin and brown eyes has a lot of melanin.
Someone with blond hair, pale skin and blue eyes, has less melanin.


(from: wikipedia - eye color)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dental Notation - Palmer

Monday, August 19, 2019

Portcullis


We just learned about the Drawbridge.

Another castle fortification is the Portcullis.

This is a big heavy door to a castle that opens and closes by sliding up and down.

It was set into grooves on both walls, and then using ropes, pulleys and cranks it could be raised and lowered.

Because it was set into the walls and was very heavy, it couldn't be shoved open as easy as a normal door.

Some castles would even make two portcullis doors, so they could trap the attackers in between them.



(from: wikipedia - portcullis)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Himeji Castle

Sunday, August 18, 2019

Four Great Uncials


We just learned about the Codex Vaticanus, the oldest copy of the Bible ever found.

Another part of early Christianity is the Four Great Uncials.
The word Uncial sounds like "uh-nt-shell" and it means a kind of ancient writing.

Just like the Codex Vaticanus we just learned about, there are three other old writings called Codex that were discovered through the years.

- Codex Vaticanus, written around 300 AD
- Codex Sinaiticus, written around 330 AD
- Codex Alexandrinus, written around 400 AD
- Codex Ephraemi rescriptus, written around 450 AD

These all have the Old Testament and New Testament in them, and because they were found from different parts of the world over a hundred years apart, the Bible historians try to use them to make sure that the Bibles we read are all correct.



(from: wikipedia - great uncial codices)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Asyncritus - bishop of Hyrcania

Saturday, August 17, 2019

Nubian Pyramids


We just learned about the Musawwarat Es Sufra temple in Sudan.

Another group of ancient African sculptures are the Nubian Pyramids in Sudan.

These pyramids were built a few at a time over thousands of years, from 2000 BC to 300 AD.
They are made of granite and sandstone, and some of them are about 100 feet tall and 26 feet wide.

Over 350 pyramids have been found so far, over hundreds of miles.
The pyramids are all tombs for ancient kings and queens.

Sadly some people that were greedy and hunting for treasure came to these pyramids and destroyed over 40 pyramids looking for treasure, even sometimes using dynamite to blow them up.

Many of the pyramids have still not been fully explored, because they are flooded and the walls collapse.



(from: wikipedia - nubian pyramids)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Phoenix Crown of Empress Xiaoduanxian

Friday, August 16, 2019

Norwegian - Counting to sixty nine


We counted to 59 in Norwegian, let's keep going!

60 seksti - sounds like seh-ks dee
61 sekstien - sounds like seh-ks dee ay-uh-n
62 seksti to - sounds like seh-ks dee too
63 sekstitre - sounds like seh-ks dee t-day
64 sekstifire - sounds like seh-ks dee fee-duh
65 sekstifem - sounds like seh-ks dee fam
66 sekstiseks - sounds like seh-ks dee seh-ks
67 sekstisju - sounds like seh-ks dee shoo
68 seksti åtte - sounds like seh-ks dee oh-tuh
69 sekstini - sounds like seh-ks dee nee

norwegian language
(from: wikipedia - norwegian language)

Greek: εξήντα (exínta), εξήντα ένα (exínta éna), εξήντα δύο (exínta dýo), εξήντα τρεις (exínta treis), εξήντα τέσσερις (exínta tésseris), εξήντα πέντε (exínta pénte), εξήντα έξι (exínta éxi), εξήντα επτά (exínta eptá), εξήντα οκτώ (exínta októ), εξήντα εννέα (exínta ennéa)

ASL: fifty, fifty one, fifty two, fifty three, fifty four, fifty five, fifty six, fifty seven, fifty eight, fifty nine

Italian: sessanta, sessantuno, sessantadue, sessantatre, sessantaquattro, sessantacinque, sessantasei, sessantasette, sessantotto, sessantanove

German: sechzig, einundsechzig, zweiundsechzig, dreiundsechzig, vierundsechzig, fünfundsechzig, sechsundsechzig, siebenundsechzig, achtundsechzig, neunundsechzig

Spanish: sesenta, sesenta y uno, sesenta y dos, sesenta y tres, sesenta y cuatro, sesenta y cinco, sesenta y seis, sesenta y siete, sesenta y ocho, sesenta y nueve

French: soixante, soixante et un, soixante-deux, soixante-trois, soixante-quatre, soixante-cinq, soixante-six, soixante-sept, soixante-huit, soixante-neuf