Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

We just learned about the Invertebral Disc that gives padding on the spine.

Another ligament that helps cushion the spine and hold it in place is the Posterior longitudinal ligament.
This connective tissue goes up and down in the middle of the spine.

(from: wikipedia - posterior longitudinal ligament)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Intercostal Nerves

Monday, October 30, 2017


We just learned about the Mexico State of Neuvo León.

Another Mexico State is Michoacán.

This state is on the south west part of Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean.
It's name means place of the fishermen.

(from: wikipedia - michoacán)

The coat of arms has a fish at the top for the place of fishermen. On the left is a person on horseback for the famous General José María Morelos y Pavón.
On the right are three crowns for the history of the Purépecha empire.
The bottom left and right are for the workers and people of the state.

(from: wikipedia - michoacán)

There are ancient pyramids called yacatas in the area called Tzintzuntzan

(from: wikipedia - tzintzuntzan (mesoamerican site))

The Sierra madre del sur mountains go through the state, along the ocean front.

(from: wikipedia - michoacán)

Before the Spanish came in to Mexico, the Purépecha people lived there

(from: wikipedia - tarascan state)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: North American Cordillera

Sunday, October 29, 2017

Theodore the Studite

We just learned about the Ladder of Divine Ascent with 30 steps to follow to be a good Christian.

Another famous Monks was Theodore the Studite.

He was a monk in the city of Constantinople, which was the city in charge of all of the churches at the time.
Theodore was the first monk to say that there should be no slavery.
He also fought against the church using paintings called "icons", that were of Jesus or the apostles or other famous followers.
Instead of these icons he said they should use symbols like the cross.
There was a big argument with other church people, and it had a big name called the iconoclasm.

(from: wikipedia - theodore the studite)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Noah

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Nicolaus Copernicus Monument - Thorwaldsen

We just learned about the Arc de Triomphe by Jean-Pierre Cortot in Paris, France.

Another neoclassical sculpture is the statue of Copernicus by Bertel Thorwaldsen.

Copernicus was a Polish astronomer, famous for telling everyone that the sun was the middle of our galaxy, because people used to think the earth was at the middle.

Bertel Thorwaldsen was a famous sculptor, and was given the job to make this famous statue honoring Copernicus.

During World War II, the nazi army took the statue down and had plans to melt it, but they lost the war before they melted it down so the Polish people put the statue back up.

(from: wikipedia - nicolaus copernicus monument, warsaw)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Golden Madonna of Essen

Friday, October 27, 2017

Greek - Good Morning

We just learned a few ways to say hello and goodbye in Greek, like Γειά σου (Geiá sou), Χαίρετε (Chairete), and Αντίο (Antío).

Sometimes you might want to say good morning, good afternoon, or good night.

Good Morning/Day - Καλημέρα (Kaliméra) - sounds like kah-lee-may-dah

Good Afternoon/Evening - Καλησπέρα (Kalispéra) - sounds like kah-lee-spay-dah

Good Night - Καληνυχτα (Kalinychta) - sounds like kah-lee-nich-tah

The letters for these words are:

Κ (Kappa) α (alpha) λ (lambda) η (iota) μ (mu) έ (epsilon) ρ (rho) α (alpha)
Κ (Kappa) α (alpha) λ (lambda) η (iota) σ (sigma) π (pi) έ (epsilon) ρ (rho) α (alpha)
Κ (Kappa) α (alpha) λ (lambda) η (iota) ν (nu) υ (upsilon) χ (chi) τ (tau) α (alpha)

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: Good Morning, Good Day, Good Evening, Good Night

Italian: buongiorno, buon pomeriggio, buonasera, buona notte

German: Guten Morgen, Guten Tag, Guten Abend, Gute Nacht

Spanish: Buenos días, buenos tardes, buenas noches

French: bonjour, bonsoir, bonne nuit

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Thrust Fault

We just learned about the Aftershock that happens after the biggest part of the earthquake.

We've learned about the Dip Slip fault before.

Another fault type is a Thrust Fault.
This is a lot like the dip-slip, but the slip goes in the opposite direction.
Sometimes they even call it a reverse thrust fault.

(from: wikipedia - thrust fault)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Forge Welding

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Wallace's Flying Frog

We just learned about the Mission Golden-eyed Tree Frog or Amazon Milk Frog.

Another type of frog is Wallace's Flying Frog.

It is only about 100 milimeters long, and has long toes with webbing in between.
With these big feet that are almost like wings, this frog can float like a parachute down from trees, or even jump and glide from tree to tree.

These are very bright and colorful frogs, with a shiny green back, a yellow or white belly, and yellow coloring on it's toes.

(from: wikipedia - wallace's flying frog)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mandarin Ratsnake

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Intervertebral Disc

We just learned about the connective tissue the Supraspinous Ligament that goes over the back of your spine.

Another piece of connective tissue is the Intervertebral Disc, or the Intervertebral Fibrocartilage.

This is the piece of cartilage that is in between each of your vertebrae in your spine.

These discs protect each of your vertebrae from bumping against each other, and also helps hold them together.
They also work like shock absorbers so when you are jumping up and down, all the vertebrae in your spine have soft cushions between them.

(from: wikipedia - intervertebral disc)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cervical Plexus

Monday, October 23, 2017

Nuevo León

We just learned about the Mexico State of Chiapas.

Another Mexico state is Nuevo León, which means New Lion, and is named after the state in Spain called León.

This state is north part of Mexico, and has one small 9 mile stretch where it connects to the US at the state of Texas.

(from: wikipedia - nuevo león)

The coat of arms for Nuevo León shows the Cerro de la Silla mountains, next a lion for the state's name.
Below that is the temple of San Francisco which was part of Nuevo León but is now in Texas.
Next to the temple are chimneys showing the workers of Mexico.
In the borders are old weapons from the warriors from long ago, and chains for the group of all the people working together.
On the bottom is a ribbon that says "Semper Ascendens" which means "Always Ascending".

(from: wikipedia - nuevo león)

La Huasteca is a place where a lot of people like to go rock climbing.

(from: wikipedia - la huasteca (climbing area))

Cerro de la Silla which means hill of the chair is a mountain area where a lot of people like to go hiking.

(from: wikipedia - cerro de la silla)

The state has a large farm of wind turbines that can bring electricity to over 630,000 homes.

(from: wikipedia - nuevo león)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Saint Elias Mountains

Sunday, October 22, 2017

Ladder of Divine Ascent

We just learned about the Lavra caves for monks.

Another part of the life of monks was a writing called the Ladder of Divine Ascent.

This was a book that gave people some rules and ideas about things they should do to be better servants of God.

There were 30 steps to the ladder, and they covered things like obeying God, asking for forgiveness, not doing bad things, not thinking you are better than other people, and inner peace.

Many monks read these words and tried to follow them to be better servants.

(from: wikipedia - ladder of divine ascent)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Abel

Saturday, October 21, 2017

Arc de Triomphe - Cortot

We just learned about the Rococo or Rocaille sculpture Sèvres pot-pourri vase in the shape of a ship by Duplessis in Paris 1757.

In art history, after Rococo came a type of art called NeoClassicism, which tried to make simple and pleasing all around.

One of the most famous Neoclassical sculptures is the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France in 1806 by sculptor Jean-Pierre Cortot.

This arch was built to honor the people who fought and died for France.
The names of hundreds of soldiers are engraved all around the arch.

There are many sculptures all around the arch, like the four very detailed groups of sculptures on the pillars.
The sides have six relief sculptures, the arches have detailed sculptures, and even the ceiling of the arch has 21 sculpted roses.

The arch is in the middle of a part of the city with many roads leading to it.

(from: wikipedia - arc de triomphe)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Archangel Ivory

Friday, October 20, 2017

Greek - Hello and Goodbye

We've now learned a whole year of ASL!

Let's try another language now, how about Greek?

Greek is very different from the other written languages we know, because it's letters are very different.
Some of them are like English, like A and B, but others are very different, like Θ or Ξ!

Let's try to learn some words, and along the way we'll try to learn how to pronounce the letters too.

First let's learn how to say hello and goodbye.
There are a few ways to say Hello.

Hi - Γειά σου (Geiá sou) - Sounds like Yah-soo
This is like saying Hi to your friends.
It means "To your health", so you can say this for goodbye also.

Hello - Χαίρετε (Chairete) - Sounds like Hee-ay-day-tay
This is like saying hello to a grownup.
It means "Be happy", so you can say this for goodbye also.

Bye - Αντίο (Antío) - Sounds like Ah-dee-oh

The letters for these words are:

Γ (Gamma) ε (Epsilon) ι (Iota) ά (Alpha) σ (Sigma) ο (Omicron) υ (Upsilon)

Χ (Chi) α (Alpha) ί (Iota) ρ (Rho) ε (Epsilon) τ (Tau) ε (Epsilon)

Α (Alpha) ν (Nu) τ (Tau) ί (Iota) ο (Omicron)

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: Hello and Goodbye

Italian: Ciao, arrivederci

German: Hallo, Auf Wiedersehen

Spanish: Hola! Adiós!

French: Bonjour! Au Revoir!

Thursday, October 19, 2017


We just learned about the Foreshock and Mainshock of an earthquake.

After the Mainshock comes the Aftershock.

When the earthquake passes it's strongest part of the mainshock, any of the other quakes or ground shaking is part of the aftershock.

Separating the earthquake into the three parts (Foreshock, Mainshock and Aftershock) helps earthquake scientists study each part of the quake, and learn about why the earth acts the way it does.

(from: wikipedia - earthquake)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Punching

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Mission Golden-Eyed Tree Frog

We just learned about the Bornean Eared Frog.

Another type of frog is the Mission Golden-Eyed Tree Frog, also called the Amazon milk frog or blue milk frog.

This frog lives in the Amazon rainforest in South America.
They are about 4 inches long, with light grey and black bands on them.

The "milk" in their name comes from the milky liquid that comes off of their bodies when they get scared.
This gooey milk can help them slip away from an animal that is trying to eat them!

(from: wikipedia - mission golden-eyed tree frog)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Vietnamese Long Nosed Snake

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Supraspinous ligament

We just learned about the Xiphoid Process in the chest.

Another two important pieces of connective tissue are the Supraspinous ligament and Nuchal ligament.

These ligaments are on the outside of the back of your spine, covering the bony part of the back of your spine.
The nuchal ligament goes from your head to the middle of your back, and the supraspinous ligament goes from your back all the way to the bottom of your spine.

(from: wikipedia - nuchal ligament)

(from: wikipedia - supraspinous ligament)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Somatic Nervous System

Monday, October 16, 2017


We just learned about the Mexico state of Guanajuato.

Another Mexico state is Chiapas.
This state borders the Pacific Ocean, and the country of Guatemala.

(from: wikipedia - chiapas)

The coat of arms of Chiapas is a shield with a red background, for the dangers of the past.
There are two cliffs, with the Grijalva river in the middle, for the justice of the state.
On the left cliff there is a lion with a castle, for heroism and strength.
On the right cliff is a lion and a palm tree, for victory and protection.

(from: wikipedia - chiapas)

There are ancient ruins from over 1,000 years ago in a place called Palenque.

(from: wikipedia - palenque)

Chiapas has some of the oldest fossils found in North America, with one building uncovered from 700 BC, over 2,700 years ago!

(from: wikipedia - chiapa de corzo (mesoamerican site))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Alaska Range

Sunday, October 15, 2017


We just learned about the Cenobitic Monks that lived in monastaries.

Another part of the monk's lives was a Lavra.

Some of the monks that were not exactly hermit or cenobitic monks would live in bunch of caves near each other, with a church in the middle of all the caves.

This bunch of caves was called a lavra.

(from: wikipedia - lavra)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cain

Saturday, October 14, 2017

Sèvres pot-pourri vase in the shape of a ship - Duplessis

We just learned about the Rococo sculpture of Three Derby Figures made by the Royal Crown Derby porcelain shop.

Another Rococo art sculputre is the Sèvres pot-pourri vase in the shape of a ship made by Jean-Claude Chambellan Duplessis in Paris, in 1757.

Pot pourri is a bunch of nice smelling leaves and plants that are put into a small vase to make a nice smell.
The sculptor Jean-Claude Duplessis worked for the Sèvres porcelain maker in Paris, and he made these pot-pourri holders in the shape of sailing ships for people to buy.
Many rich and famous people collected these pot-pourri holders made here.

In France the Rococo style was a little different, and was known as Rocaille.

(from: wikipedia - jean-claude chambellan duplessis)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

Friday, October 13, 2017

ASL - Vegetables

We just learned how to say some fruits in ASL!

Let's learn how to say some vegetables.

carrot - Hold your left hand out flat in the B hand shape, and your right hand in a fist, with your thumb sticking out. Wave your thumb down a few times on the front of your flat B hand, almost like you are peeling a carrot.

corn - Close all your fingers except your index finger. With that finger pointed out, hold the side of your finger up on your upper lip and twist your finger a few times.
You can also use two hands in front of you, like you are holding a corn on the cob and twist them a few times.

pea - Put your left hand in front of you with just your index finger pointing to the right. Using the index finger of your right hand, tap along your left finger, almost like you are counting peas in a pod.

Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.

Vegetables - Mrs. Rodriguez's ASL Classes

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: carote, mais, piselli

German: Karotte, Mais, Erbse

Spanish: zanahoria, maíz, guisante

French: carotte, maïs, pois

Thursday, October 12, 2017


We just learned about the Foreshock that happens before the biggest part of the earthquake.

The biggest part of the earthquake is called the Mainshock.
This is when the earthquake is at it's strongest force.

(from: wikipedia - earthquake)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Swaging

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Bornean Eared Frog

We just learned about the Lemur Tree Frog.

Another type of frog is the Bornean Eared Frog.

This type of frog has bones in it's skull behind the eyes, so it looks like it has big pointy ears, and that's where it gets its name.
They mostly live in southeast asia, in ponds or near forests.

They can come in a few different colors like brown, grey or yellow, and they have thin black stripes on their legs and thighs.

(from: wikipedia - polypedates otilophus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Gray Banded Kingsnake

Tuesday, October 10, 2017

Xiphoid Process

We just learned about the Costal Cartilage.

Another piece of connective tissue in the body is the Xiphoid Process.

This is a small piece of cartilage on the bottom of the sternum, in the middle of the chest.

The xiphoid process connects the chest to many other parts of the body, like the muscles used for breathing or moving your stomach area around.

(from: wikipedia - xiphoid process)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Coccygeal Nerves

Monday, October 9, 2017


We just learned about the Mexico State of Puebla.

Another Mexican state is Guanajuato.

This state is in the middle of Mexico, and does not border either ocean.

(from: wikipedia - guanajuato)

The flag of Guanajuato has the coat of arms on it, which shows a person in the middle holding a cross, to show the battles that the Catholic church had helped with for Mexico.

(from: wikipedia - guanajuato)

Mammillaria duwei is a species of flowering cactus, sometimes called the biznaguita.
The only place it grows in the whole world is in the state of Guanajuato.
These cacti are endangered and there are maybe only around 500 left in the wild.

(from: wikipedia - mammillaria duwei)

There is a museum called the "Museo de las Momias" in Mexico, that has Mummies on display!

(from: wikipedia - guanajuato)

There are ancient ruins from people who lived in Mexico long ago, in the town of Plazauelas.

(from: wikipedia - guanajuato)

There is an old convent called San Agustín de Yuriria, built in 1550.

(from: wikipedia - guanajuato)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Andes Mountains