Showing posts with label Early Christianity. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Early Christianity. Show all posts

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Christianity in Britain


We just learned about the Pope Gregory I.

Another part of early Christianity is Christianity in Britain.

Long ago living in England and Scotland were people called the Anglo Saxons.
They didn't believe in Jesus and God, so Pope Gregory I sent a man named Augustine on a mission to tell them about God.

Augustine talked to King Æthelberht of Kent and helped him be a Christian, and then people all over Britain became Christians too.


(from: wikipedia - gregorian mission)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ante Nicene Period

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Pope Gregory I


We just learned about Anno Domini.

Another part of early Christian history was Pope Gregory I.

When Gregory was younger, he was born to a rich family, and went to school.
Later on he joined the church and lived the life of a monk, giving to the poor and spending days quietly praying.
When his parents died, he took their land and turned it into a monastery for other monks to live.

One day he became Pope.
At that time there were many poor and sick people in Rome.
He worked to use his farms to make food to be sent to poor people all over the country.

He also tried to make it so the church was more organized, and he also sent people out as missionaries to other countries like England to tell them about Jesus.


(from: wikipedia - pope gregory i)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Christian Name

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Anno Domini


We just learned about the Hagia Sophia ancient church.

Another part of early Christianity is Anno Domini.

When we talk about what year it is, we sometimes put the letters AD at the end, like 2019 AD.

The AD stands for "Anno Domini" which means "Year Of"
"Anno Domini" is just a short way to say "anno Domini nostri Jesu Christi" which means "year of our Jesus Christ".

A long time ago a man named Dionysius Exiguus was working on a new calendar to be different than the one that the old emperor Diocletian had used.
Diocletian was very bad for Christians and had many of them killed.

So Dionysius made a new calendar and said that the year was 525 AD.
By putting AD at the end, he was taking away the naming of the years from the bad Diocletian and giving it to Jesus.

In the new AD calendar, people believe that Jesus was born around 1 AD.
The time before that we call "BC" for "Before Christ".

In the old days before people used English they used "aCn" which was for "Ante Christum Natum" meaning "before Christ's birth".


(from: wikipedia - anno domini)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Split of Christianity and Judaism

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Hagia Sophia


We just learned about the Pentarchy of people ruling the church.

Another part of early Christianity is the Hagia Sophia.

This is a very big church that was built in the city of Constantinople in the year 532.
For almost a thousand years it was the biggest church in the world.

It is now a museum in the city that is now called Istanbul.


(from: wikipedia - hagia sophia)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Apostolic Age

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Pentarchy


We just learned about the Baptism of Clovis I.

Another part of early Christianity is the Pentarchy.

We've already learned that the head of the big churches were called Bishops, and that the Bishop of the church in Rome is called the Pope.

In the old days there were 5 churches in the Roman empire that were seen as the most important:

Rome - in what is now Italy
Constantinople - in what is now Turkey, and renamed Istanbul
Alexandria - in what is now Egypt
Antioch - in what is now Turkey, renamed Antakya
Jerusalem - in what is now Israel

There were other churches, but the leaders of these churches were put in charge, so if there as disagreement between all of the many churches around these leaders would decide what to do.

It was the start of the churches really getting organized and turning into a really big group instead of a bunch of small churches spread around that argued with each other.


(from: wikipedia - pentarchy)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Christianity after Jesus

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Baptism of Clovis I


We just learned about the Leo and Attila.

Another part of early Christianity is the Baptism of Clovis I.

In the land we now call France, there were a lot of people who did not believe in God.
One of them was a very powerful king named Clovis I.

His wife was named Clotilde, and she grew up as a Christian.
When she married Clovis I she begged him to become a Christian, and after a while he finally agreed.

This helped spread Christianity through France, and because the King was a Christian it was safe for other people to talk about God.

There is still a statue of Clovis I being baptized in the city of Reims.


(from: wikipedia - clovis i)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cæsar - bishop of Dyrrachium

Sunday, October 27, 2019

Leo and Attila


We just learned about the Saint Patrick who told people in Ireland about Jesus.

Another part of ancient Christianity was the meeting between Leo and Attila .

Leo was a leader called a Bishop of the church in Rome, Italy.
Rome was usually thought of as the most important city of all, so the Bishop in Rome was usually the most important Bishop and got called the "Pope".

Attila the Hun was a warrior who was attacking all over the place, and in 452 AD came to Italy to try and take over.
The Emperor of Rome sent Pope Leo and a few other people to meet Attila and try to see if they could talk to him and make him not come attack Rome.

No one knows really what was said, but after meeting with Pope Leo, Attila packed up his troops and left Italy.

A person who goes and meets with other leaders of countries is called an "Ambassador" and Pope Leo was thought to be a very good ambassador because he helped save Rome from Attila the Hun.


(from: wikipedia - pope leo i)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Epaphroditus - Bishop of Andriace

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Saint Patrick


We just learned about Mariology the study of Mary.

Another part of early Christianity is Saint Patrick.

Some time around 430 AD, at the age of 16 a man named Patrick was captured by pirates from the island of Ireland.
He was taken back to Ireland, and was made a slave for 6 years.

Later on he escaped and went back to his home in Britain, and learned to be a Christian.
He knew the people in Ireland were not Christian, so he decided to go back there and tell people about Jesus.

When he went there, some people listened to him and became Christians, and other people did not like him and would put him in jail.
After many years of traveling around Ireland, he helped many people become Christians, and even after he died people still believed and spread the news.

When he died, because he did such a good thing they named him a Saint, so now they call him Saint Patrick.
The day of his death was March 17th, so on that day people celebrate Saint Patrick's day, and his life of service bringing news of God to the people of Ireland.


(from: wikipedia - saint patrick)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tychicus - Bishop of Colophonia

Sunday, October 13, 2019

Mariology


We just learned about the wise man Saint Augustine of Hippo.

Another part of early Christianity is Mariology.

This is the study of Mary the mother of Jesus, and exactly who she was and how she gave birth to Jesus.

In 431 AD, a bunch of people met at the city of Ephesus, which is now in Turkey.
They met together because there were people who did not agree on what Mary should be called, and what Jesus was like as a baby.

Some people thought she should be called "Theotokos" which means Mother of God, and others thought she should be called "Christotokos" which means Mother of Christ.

This might not seem like a big deal, but at the time people were still arguing about whether Jesus was a God and Man as one person, or whether he was like a person who also had a separate God personality living inside him.

About 250 different church leaders showed up to argue about this, and they decided she should be called Theotokos, Mother of God.

After this time there were a lot of other people talking about who Mary was, and what her life was like, so this became known as the study of Mariology.


(from: wikipedia - mariology)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Apollos - Bishop of Cæsarea

Sunday, October 6, 2019

Saint Augustine of Hippo


We just learned about the Saint Ninian in Scotland.

Another person from early Christianity is Saint Augustine of Hippo.

Saint Augustine wrote over 50 books, that helped Christians understand the Bible.

His most famous ones were:

- The City of God: In the year 410 the city of Rome was attacked and defeated by some other people who didn't believe in God. Many people were nervous that this would mean the end of Christianity, so he wrote this book to help give people hope.

- On Christian Teaching: This book helps people understand the books of the Bible, and tells Christian teachers and preachers how to teach the truth.

- Confessions: This was Saint Augustine's book about his own life, and how he became a Christian and asked for forgiveness.

He wrote many other books about things like the Trinity and about people needing free will to believe in God.


(from: wikipedia - augustine of hippo)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Sosipater - Bishop of Iconium

Sunday, September 29, 2019

Saint Ninian in Scotland


We just learned about the Latin Vulgate Bible.

Another part of early Christian history is Saint Ninian in Scotland.

The center of emperor Constantine's missions to spread Christianity to the Roman empire was in Constantinople, in what is now called Turkey.
It spread west, to Greece, Italy, France and Spain, and even all the way to England.

North of England is the country of Scotland, and at the time there were people living there known as "Picts".
They worshiped animals, trees and all sorts of other mythological things.

A man named Ninian went to visit Scotland around 400 AD to talk to the Picts and tell them about Jesus and Christianity.
He built a church in the town of Whithorn and called it "Candida Casa" which means white house, and many of the Picts became Christians.


(from: wikipedia - ninian)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Jason - Bishop of Tarsus

Sunday, September 22, 2019

Latin Vulgate Bible


We just learned about the The Great Persecution - Persia.

Another part of early Christianity was the Latin Vulgate Bible, made in 382 AD by Saint Jerome.

The original writings in the Bible from the Old Testament to the New Testament were in all different languages.
Some of the books were in the languages of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek.
So if someone wanted to read the whole Bible they had to know how to speak three different languages!

Some people had translated a few parts of the Bible into Latin, which was the most commonly spoken language in the Roman empire.

A man named Jerome was given the job of putting together one whole copy of the Bible in Latin, and trying to make it as perfect as possible with no mistakes.
Jerome did such a good job that he is called Saint Jerome, and the Bible that he made called the Vulgate became the most trusted Bible anywhere.
Even today some churches use the Latin Vulgate version for some of their church services in Latin.


(from: wikipedia - vulgate)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lucius - Bishop of Laodicea in Syria

Sunday, September 15, 2019

The Great Persecution - Persia


We just learned about the city of Constantinople.

Another part of early Christianity is the The Great Persecution - Persia.

The great persecution is the name for when Christians were killed or put in jail for being Christian.
It had happened in Rome a long time ago, until Constantine took over.

After he created the city of Constantinople and was the ruler of the Roman empire, some of the other countries did not like him and were worried that he would come and try to take them over.

In the country of Persia, there was an emperor named Shapur II who was at war with the country of Rome.
The leader of the Christian church in Persia was named Simeon Barsabae.
Shapur II got angry with him and all the other leaders of the church because they were Christian, and the Roman empire was the head of the Christian church, so he killed Simeon and thousands of other Christians to try and stop Christianity from coming into his country.


(from: wikipedia - shemon bar sabbae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Olympus and Rhodion

Sunday, September 8, 2019

Constantinople


We just learned about the life of monks, called Monasticism.

Another part of early Christianity is the city of Constantinople.

In the old Roman empire, the head of the capital was the city of Rome in Italy.

When Constantine was the emperor, he wanted to make a new city to rule from that wasn't Rome. In the city of Byzantium in what is now the country of Turkey he built up the city and called it "Nova Roma" or "New Rome", and it was later called Constantinople.

In this city the emperor ruled the Roman empire and also helped churches get started and help spread Christianity.


(from: wikipedia - constantinople)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Philologus - Bishop of Sinope

Sunday, September 1, 2019

Monasticism


We just learned about the Fifty Bibles of Constantine.

Another part of early Christianity is Monasticism, which means talking about monks.

We've learned a lot before about Monks and Nuns.

During the years 300-400 Christianity went from became illegal and people being killed for being a Christian, to being legal in the Roman empire.

Around that same time is when people started going off by themselves to live in caves, or live in buildings together called monasteries or convents.

Monks and Nuns have been around for hundreds of years, but it first started in the 4th century (300 - 400 AD) and when it was made legal people started making places for monks to live, and the monks also started being very important in how people understood the Bible.


(from: wikipedia - christian monasticism)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Caius - Bishop of Ephesus

Sunday, August 25, 2019

Fifty Bibles of Constantine


We just learned about the Four Great Uncials.

Another part of early Christianity is the Fifty Bibles of Constantine.

When Constantine made it safe to be a Christian in Rome, a lot of people became Christians, and new churches started being made.

In these old times, they didn't have easy ways to make copies of books.
A person called a scribe had to write down by hand every single word every time they wanted to make a copy, so it was a lot of work.

Constantine wanted to make sure that all of the churches were teaching the right things, so he ordered that his scribes make 50 copies of the Bible, and that they would be sent to all the churches in the city of Constantinople.

Most of those Bibles were lost, but some people believe that the Four Great Uncials we just learned about where part of that collection.


(from: wikipedia - fifty bibles of constantine)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Linus - bishop of Rome

Sunday, August 18, 2019

Four Great Uncials


We just learned about the Codex Vaticanus, the oldest copy of the Bible ever found.

Another part of early Christianity is the Four Great Uncials.
The word Uncial sounds like "uh-nt-shell" and it means a kind of ancient writing.

Just like the Codex Vaticanus we just learned about, there are three other old writings called Codex that were discovered through the years.

- Codex Vaticanus, written around 300 AD
- Codex Sinaiticus, written around 330 AD
- Codex Alexandrinus, written around 400 AD
- Codex Ephraemi rescriptus, written around 450 AD

These all have the Old Testament and New Testament in them, and because they were found from different parts of the world over a hundred years apart, the Bible historians try to use them to make sure that the Bibles we read are all correct.



(from: wikipedia - great uncial codices)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Asyncritus - bishop of Hyrcania

Sunday, August 11, 2019

Codex Vaticanus


We just learned that Christology is the study of what Jesus was really like.

Another part of early Christian history is the Codex Vaticanus.

This is the oldest copy of the Bible still existing in the world, written some time around 325 AD, over 1,500 years ago!

It is written in Greek, and has copies of the Old Testament and New Testament in it.

The Codex was found some time around 1400 AD, and has been in the library in Vatican City since then, for over 500 years.

People have used this codex to make sure that the Bibles that people have today teach the history as it was written down over a thousand years ago.


(from: wikipedia - codex vaticanus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Rufus - Bishop of Thebes

Sunday, August 4, 2019

Christology


We just learned about the Seven ecumenical councils where people met a bunch of times to try and solve disagreements about what to believe.

Another part of early Christianity is Christology.

This is the study and understanding of who Jesus Christ was, in every detail.
From before he was born, when he was born, everything he did on earth, how he died and what happened afterward.

Between the years 300 and 400 AD, a lot of people talked about every single thing that Jesus did and had meetings with each other to try and decide on what was the truth.

It all happened during this time, because for the first time ever people could be Christians without going to jail, and there were churches, leaders and really smart people everywhere learning everything they could about Jesus.

Christology really continues even today as people read and study about Christianity and work to understand what the truth is!


(from: wikipedia - christology)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Agabus the Prophet

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Seven Ecumenical Councils


We just learned about the Christianity in Armenia, with the country of Armenia being the first to become Christian.

Another part of early Christianity was the Seven Ecumenical Councils.

We learned before about the First Council of Nicea where people met to decide about the right ways to believe in God and Jesus, and what was true from history.

For a long time, people kept having arguments about what was true and what wasn't.
Any time there was a big argument, they would meet together at what they called an "Ecumenical Council" which just means a church meeting.

For over 400 years people met together to try and solve arguments, and these big meetings were called the Seven Ecumenical Councils:

- The First Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, talked about what Jesus was really like.

- The First Council of Constantinople in 381 AD talked about the Holy Spirit.

- The Council of Ephesus in 431 AD talked about sin and about Jesus' mother Mary.

- The Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD talked about different leaders of the church, and about Jesus.

- Second Council of Constantinople in 553 AD talked about what Jesus was like.

- Third Council of Constantinople in 680 AD talked about what Jesus body and mind was like.

- Second Council of Nicaea in 787 AD talked about whether people should make paintings or pictures of saints and Jesus.

That's a whole lot of meetings with a lot of church leaders!

People worked hard for hundreds of years to try and make sure they were teaching people the truth about God, based on all of the writings in the Bible and other historians from thousands of years.

Even today all the leaders of the churches meet together to try and make sure they are spreading the word of God the way that they believe is right.


(from: wikipedia - first seven ecumenical councils)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Aristobulus - Bishop of Britain