Saturday, September 30, 2017

Pair of Lovers - Bustelli

We just learned about the Fuga d'Attila Relief by Alessandro Algardi.

We've seen a lot of different Baroque sculptures!

Another sculpture style is called Rococo.
This style of sculpture was very decorated, with lots of curves, white and pastel colors, and gilding with metals like gold.

One of the most famous sculptors in the Rococo style was Franz Anton Bustelli, and one of his most famous sculptures was the Pair of Lovers, showing two people in love, surrounded by curved shapes, painted with bright colors, and gilded with gold trim.

(from: wikipedia - franz anton bustelli)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Great Cameo of France

Friday, September 29, 2017

ASL - Drinks

We counted to 900 in ASL! Wow!

Let's learn how to say some things to drink.

water - To do the sign for water, make the hand sign for the letter W, with your pointer, middle and ring fingers up, and your pinky and thumb held down, then touch your pointer finger to your chin.

milk - To say milk, hold your hand up in the air and then close your hand a few times into a fist, almost like you are milking a cow.

juice - For juice, you make the hand sign for the letter J, and then you just say what kind of juice you want before you make the J. So for orange juice, you put your fist up by your face and squeeze it a few times, almost like you are squeezing an orange and the juice is going into your mouth. And then make the letter J.

Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.

ASL #15 - Drinks - Heather Berry

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: acqua, latte, succo

German: Wasser, Milch, Saft

Spanish: agua, leche, jugo

French: eau, lait, jus

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Ring Fault

We just learned about the Listric Fault.

Another type of fault is a Ring Fault.

This fault is in a crater or a volcano, where the volcano has collapsed, or the ground caved in after getting hit by a meteorite.

(from: wikipedia - chesapeake bay impact crater)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Bending

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Lemur Tree Frog

We just learned about the Hourglass Tree Frog.

Another type of frog is the Lemur Tree Frog.

This type of frog lives in South America, in rain forests.

One fun thing about this frog is that it is green during the daytime, but it's skin color changes to brown at night.
This makes it easier for this frog to hide during the night time.

(from: wikipedia - hylomantis lemur)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Madagascar Tree Boa

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Temporomandibular Ligament

We just learned about the Skull Suture Tissue.

Another ligament is the Temporomandibular Ligament.

This is a ligament that connects the your bottom jaw to your head, right up by your ear.

(from: wikipedia - temporomandibular ligament)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lumbar Nerves

Monday, September 25, 2017


We just learned about the Mexico State of Veracruz.

Another state it Mexico is Jalisco.

This state is on the west coast of Mexico, on the Pacific ocean.
Jalisco has all different types of land, like forests, beaches, plains and lakes.

(from: wikipedia - jalisco)

The flag of Jalisco is blue and yellow, with the coat of arms in the middle.
The coat of arms has two bronze climbing lions with their paws on a pine tree, for victory.

(from: wikipedia - flag of jalisco)

In the town of Tequila, there is a volcano called the Tequila Volcano that erupted long ago, and the lava that poured out turned the ground there into a place where the agave cactus grows.
This cactus is one of the main ingredients for the drink called tequila, which is made in the town called Tequila.

(from: wikipedia - tequila volcano)

The state of Jalisco is where Mariachi music comes from.

(from: wikipedia - mariachi)

The biggest city in Jalisco is Guadalajara. It has many famous places like the cathedral of Guadalajara.
(from: wikipedia - guadalajara)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Kunlun Mountains

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Basil of Cecarea

We just learned about the Pachomius the Great.

Another famous Monk was Basil of Cecarea.

Basil was born into a rich family, but his father was killed for being a Christian.
He was raised by his mother and went to school, but when he got older he gave money to the poor, and made a place where he and others could study and worship God, like a monastery.
A lot of people liked him and asked him for wisdom, and he also worked very hard to try and talk to people who were having problems in life, and tell them that they should be good and believe in God.

(from: wikipedia - basil of caesarea)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lily Crucifix

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Fuga d'Attila Relief - Algardi

We just learned about the Baroque sculpture of Saint Helena by Andrea Bolgi.

Another Baroque sculpture is the Fuga d'Attila Relief by Alessandro Algardi in 1653 in Rome.

Algardi was a sculptor at the same time as Bernini, but Bernini was very famous, so he sometimes had a hard time getting noticed for some of the amazing sculptures he was making, even though many people think he is just as good as Bernini.

He was given the job to create a few sculptures of Popes through the years, and one of his most famous is this Relief.
Remember that a relief sculpture is one that is on a wall, with the sculptures sticking out.
This was a sculpture of Pope Leo fighting against Attila the Hun.
Attila came to attack Rome, but the legend tells of Pope Leo asked for God's help to defeat him, and the Huns were not able to take over Rome.

(from: wikipedia - alessandro algardi)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Gonzaga Cameo

Friday, September 22, 2017

ASL - Nine Hundred

We counted to 100 in ASL, let's keep going!

What about 200 to 900?

To do the sign for 200, make the hand sign for 2, holding your pointer and tall finger up.
Then make he sign for the letter C.

For 300 through 900, just do the sign for the number 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9, and then C for hundred.

Here is a helpful video to show how these signs are done.

100 - 900 in American Sign Language - Joy Maples

(from: wikipedia - american sign language)

Italian: duecento, trecento, quattrocento, cinquecento, seicento, settecento, ottocento, novecento

German: zweihundert, dreihundert, vierhundert, fünfhundert, sechshundert, siebenhundert, achthundert, neunhundert

Spanish: doscientos, trescientos, cuatrocientos, quinientos, seiscientos, sietecientos, ochocientos, novecientos

French: deux cent, trois cent, quatre cent, cinq cent, six cent, sept cent, huit cent, neuf cent

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Listric Fault

We just learned about the Oblique-Slip Fault.

Another earthquake fault is a Listric Fault.

This is like the Dip-Slip fault that we learned about before, but the fault line makes a curved line where the earth's crust slides down.

(from: wikipedia - fault (geology))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Drawing Down

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Hourglass Tree Frog

We just learned about the Puerto Rican Crested Toad.

Another type of frog is the Hourglass Tree Frog.

This frog is yellow with a pattern on it's back in the shape of an hourglass.
They live in North and South America, in areas where it is very warm and tropical.

These frogs are very special because they can lay their eggs on land or in water.

(from: wikipedia - dendropsophus ebraccatus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Black Headed Python

Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Skull Suture Tissue

We just learned about Cartilage.

There are some types of connective tissue that we can feel, like the cartilage in our ears and noses, or ligaments and tendons in our arms and legs.

But connective tissue is all over the body, even in our skulls!
The bones of the skull are in different pieces, and the pieces are connected with things called sutures.

When a baby is born, the skull pieces are not connected tightly together, there is just connective tissue holding them together.
As the baby gets older, the bones get closer and eventually the sutures get hard and don't move anymore.

All the different parts of the skull that are connected have a little bit of connective tissue in between them to cushion where the bones are connected.

(from: wikipedia - frontal suture)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Thoracic Nerves

Monday, September 18, 2017


We just learned about the state of Mexico City.

Another Mexican state is Veracruz which means True Cross.
The state is long and thin, bordered on the west by mountains and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.

(from: wikipedia - veracruz)

The seal for Veracruz is a golden shield with a green top and a blue bottom, with a red cross on top.
On the cross is the word "vera" which means true.
In the green part of the shield is a castle, and in the blue below it are two columns with the words Plus and Ultra.
There are 13 stars in the gold shield, for the 13 provinces that were part of Veracruz when it started.

(from: wikipedia - veracruz)

The largest city in Veracruz is called Veracruz!
There is a large palace there that was built for the rulers of the state.

(from: wikipedia - veracruz (city))

The highest mountain in Mexico is a stratovolcano called Pico deo Orizaba.

(from: wikipedia - pico de orizaba)

El Tajín is a famous city where they have large pyramids from people who used to live there.

(from: wikipedia - el tajín)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tian Shan Mountains

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Pachomius the Great

We just learned about the Desert Fathers.

Another famous monk was Pachomius the Great.

He started out as a soldier in the Roman army, and one time he met some Christians who came out and gave food and comfort to the soldiers.
He left the army and went to live near the hermit Anthony the Great.

During that time, many monks or hermits just lived alone in huts or caves.
Pachomius had the idea to have people live near each other, so they could get together to worship and pray.

He started one of the first monastaries at Tabenna in Egypt.

(from: wikipedia - pachomius the great)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Elemental Symbols

Saturday, September 16, 2017

Saint Helena - Bolgi

We just learned about the Baroque sculpture of Saint Andrew by François Duquesnoy.

Another baroque sculpture is Saint Helena by Andrea Bolgi in 1639 in Rome.

Bolgi made the sculpture for Saint Peter's Basilica, which is a really big church in Rome.
He was a student of Bernini, and he was invited to help create this statue as one of many others in the big church.

(from: wikipedia - andrea bolgi)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Gemma Augustea

Thursday, September 14, 2017

Oblique-Slip Fault

We just learned about the Dip-Slip Fault.

Another type of earthquake fault is the Oblique-Slip Fault.

This is when two the tectonic plates move, and the earth's crust bumps into each other in both a Strike-Slip and Dip-Slip way.

That means the earth went side to side, and up and down.

(from: wikipedia - fault (geology))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Blizzard

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Puerto Rican Crested Toad

We just learned about the Wyoming Toad.

Another type of frog is the Puerto Rican Crested Toad.
This is a true toad that only lives in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

At one time scientists thought these frogs were extinct, but then in 1966 some were found, and so the zoos and aquariums worked to help bring the frogs back by releasing over 260,000 tadpoles in the last 20 years.

(from: wikipedia - puerto rican crested toad)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog

Tuesday, September 12, 2017


We just learned about the Dense Connective Tissue.

Another type of connective tissue is cartilage.

This is a type of tissue that covers and protects bones.

You can find cartilage in the rib cage, ear, nose, bronchial tubes, vertebral discs, and lots of other places in the body.

It is not as soft as muscle, but not as hard as bone.

(from: wikipedia - cartilage)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cervical Nerves

Monday, September 11, 2017

Mexico City

We just learned about the State of Mexico.

The next largest state in Mexico is actually the city of Mexico City.
It is not actually a state, but it is counted as it's own district, kind of like Washington, D.C.

Mexico City has the most people of any city in North America.
It is the capital city of Mexico.

(from: wikipedia - mexico city)

The coat of arms of Mexico City is a castle with three bridges, and two golden lions on a blue background.
The lions are for the Spanish settlers in the country, and the blue background is for the water that was in Mexico City long ago.
There are 10 cacti around the flag because those nopal cacti grow in that area.

(from: wikipedia - mexico city)

Long ago Mexico City was an Aztec place full of temples called Tenochtitlan.
The Aztecs had a legend about finding the best city, that said they would see an eagle landing on a cactus while catching a snake.
They saw this happen on an island, and that is where they started building this city.

(from: wikipedia - tenochtitlan)

When the Spanish people came to Mexico, they took over the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan, destroyed the Aztec temples, and built the new buildings on top of it, like the Zocalo Cathedral.

(from: wikipedia - mexico city)

There is a castle called Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City, where royals or presidents have lived through the years.

(from: wikipedia - chapultepec castle)

The National Palace of Mexico City is the home for the rulers of Mexico, like the President.

(from: wikipedia - national palace (mexico))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Wisconsin

Sunday, September 10, 2017

Desert Fathers

We just learned about the monk Macarius of Egypt.

The monks that lived in the desert, trying to survive on very little food, and studying God's wisdom were known as Desert Fathers.

Anthony the Great and Macarius of Egypt were both in the group, and people would write down some of the wise sayings that the Desert Fathers told people, and they made a book of them called "Sayings of the Fathers".

(from: wikipedia - desert fathers)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Paul's Letter to the Ephesians

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Saint Andrew - Duquesnoy

We just learned about the Annunciantion of the Virgin by the Angel by Francesco Mochi.

Another baroque art sculpture is the statue of Saint Andrew by Belgian François Duquesnoy.

This sculpture shows the Apostle Andrew, holding the cross that he would be crucified on.
The story is that when Andrew was going to be crucified for being a Christian, he said he did not deserve to be on the same type of cross as Jesus had been crucified on, the one shaped like a T.
So he asked them to shape it like an X for him, and on flags, an X like that is known as Saint Andrew's Cross.

(from: wikipedia - françois duquesnoy)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Houses at L'Estaque - Braque

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Dip-slip Fault

We just learned about the Strike-slip fault.

Another type of earthquake fault is the Dip-slip fault.

This happens when the tectonic plates hit each other, and one of them slips down and the other slips up.

(from: wikipedia - fault (geology))

(from: wikipedia - fault (geology))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Fuller

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Wyoming Toad

We just learned about the Vietnamese Mossy Frog.

Another type of frog is the Wyoming Toad.

These are true toads, and they are on the Endangered Species list.
At one time, people thought they were all gone, but then they found 25 of them in the wild, so they collected them and brought them to zoos and other places so they could save them and try to bring the numbers of toads back up.

There are still almost none of these toads in the wild, so the zoos are working hard to bring them back.
These toads have problems with certain types of fungus that grows in the wild, as well as some types of pesticides used to kill mosquitos.

(from: wikipedia - wyoming toad)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Bushmaster

Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Dense Connective Tissue

We just learned about Sharpey's Fibres.

The tendons and ligaments we've learned about are examples of what is called Dense Connective Tissue.

This tissue is usually made up of the collagen we learned about, and dense connective tissue is also found in the dermis part of the skin that we learned about.

(from: wikipedia - dense irregular connective tissue)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dorsal Root

Monday, September 4, 2017

State of Mexico

Let's keep learning about Mexico States.

The most populated state in Mexico is actually called the State of Mexico, or "Estado de México" in Spanish.

So you could live in Mexico State and Mexico Country.

This state has the most people in it, and it is also the most densely populated, which means it is the most crowded, with 16 million people living there.
If this was a state in the US, it would be the 5th most populated state.
It surrounds Mexico City, which is it's own state.

(from: wikipedia - state of mexico)

The flag is just the seal with a white background.
The seal has the words "Patria, Libertad, Trabajo y Cultura" which means (Homeland, Liberty, Work and Culture).
Each word has pictures to show it's meaning.
Homeland: The Nevado de Toluca volcano, Pyramid of the sun in Teotihuacan, and a person dressed like an Aztec.
Liberty: A cannon with two crosses on it, for the Battle of Monte de las Cruces.
Work and culture: An open book for knowledge, with farms, a gear, sickle, shovel and flask to show the hard working people.

(from: wikipedia - state of mexico)

The Aztec people lived in the Valley of Mexico, where the State of Mexico is now, and there are many ancient pyramids and buildings from their time, in cities like Teotihuacan.

(from: wikipedia - teotihuacan)

One famous church from when the Spanish people came in and took over the land is the Cathedral of Tepotzotlan.

(from: wikipedia - tepotzotlan)

The highest point in the state is the Popocatépetl volcano, which is still active and still sometimes erupts!

(from: wikipedia - popocatépetl)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pamir Mountains

Sunday, September 3, 2017

Macarius of Egypt

We just learned about the famous hermit Anthony the Great.

Another monk from history was Macarius of Egypt.

He grew up and was married in Egypt, but then his wife passed away, and later his parents also died so he was alone.
He gave all of his money to the poor, and went to live in the desert alone.
One day he met Anthony the Great, who helped him learn to live out in the desert and how to be a monk or a hermit.

(from: wikipedia - macarius of egypt)

Macarius went on to help other people who wanted to give everything they had to the poor and live alone, and he created one of the first Christian monasteries, that is still around today in the country of Egypt.

(from: wikipedia - monastary of saint macarius the great)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Anchor

Saturday, September 2, 2017

Annunciation of the Virgin by the Angel - Mochi

We just learned about the Neptune by Charles Antoine Coysevox.

Another famous Baroque sculpture is the Annunciation of the Virgin by the Angel by Francesco Mochi in Orvieto Italy in 1605.

This is actually a pair of statues, showing the story of when the angel Gabriel came to Mary to tell her she was going to give birth to the baby Jesus.

The statues can be seen from all sides, and are set apart from each other, with the statue of Mary showing her jumping out of her chair in shock from the sight of the angel.

(from: wikipedia - francesco mochi)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Arch of Constantine