Friday, April 30, 2021

Swahili - Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday

We just learned in Swahili that to say his face is rough is Uso wake ni mkali

Let's learn the days of the week in Swahili!

Monday - Jumatatu - Sounds like joo-mah-tah-too 文A

Tuesday - Jumanne - Sounds like joo-mah-n-nay 文A

Wednesday - Jumatano - Sounds like joo-mah-tah-noh 文A

(from: wikipedia - swahili language)

Russian: Понедельник (Ponedel'nik), Вторник (Vtornik), Среда (Sreda) Norwegian: Mandag, Tirsdag, Onsdag

Greek: Δευτέρα (Deftéra), Τρίτη (Tríti), Τετάρτη (Tetárti)

ASL: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday

Italian: Lunedi, Martedì, Mercoledì

German: Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch

Spanish: Lunes, Martes, Miercoles

French: Lundi, Mardi, Mercredi

Thursday, April 29, 2021

Oil Pump

We just learned about the Motor Oil.

Another part of a car is the Oil Pump.

The oil that helps keep everything in the engine moving fast and slippery gets pushed through the car using an oil pump.

There are a few different types of oil pumps, but one of the most common is the gear pump.
For this type of pump, the gears spin around and help push the oil through the engine.
The gears are spun around using the power of the spinning crankshaft as it goes around.

(from: wikipedia - gear pump)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Steam Cylinder

Wednesday, April 28, 2021

Olive Baboon

We just learned about the Uganda Mangabey.

Another type of old world monkey is the Olive Baboon, also called the Anubis Baboon, or Papio Anubis.

These monkeys live all over Africa, in forests, deserts, and grasslands.
They get the name Olive Baboon because their fur looks olive colored.
Their other name Anubis Baboon comes from the way their face looks kind of like the dog faced statue of the Egyptian Anubis.

Olive Baboons are a little over 2 feet tall and weigh about 50 pounds.
Usually they talk to each other using grunts, but if they get scared by another animal they might shout "Wahoo!" to warn everyone.

These baboons will eat just about anything, from plants and bugs to mice, birds, and other larger animals.
They will sometimes even go after sheep, goats and chickens from farms!

Some elephants and the baboons have learned to work together to survive.
Elephants will dig holes to get water, and baboons will be lookouts up in the trees to warn if there is danger coming.

(from: wikipedia - olive baboon)

Olive baboon troupe - Cameron Wares

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Andean Mountain Cat

Tuesday, April 27, 2021

Anti-Growth Signals

We just learned about the Cell Growth and Division where cells get bigger, multiply and don't go away.

Another one of the six signs of cancer is called Anti-Growth Signals.

When the cells in the body grow or multiply, and don't die off or go away, the body uses things called "tumor supressor genes" to send messages to the cells saying that it is time to stop growing and dividing, and to go away.

It's kind of like being in a car, going too fast, and you hit the brakes to slow down or stop.

Cells that have been mutated into cancer don't listen to those messages and they keep growing.
This would be like the brakes in the car not working, so it keeps going too fast.

If the cancer cells in the body do not listen, the cells can grow and divide and spread over the body.

(from: wikipedia - tumor suppressor gene)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Meibomian Gland

Monday, April 26, 2021


We just learned about the country of Serbia

Let's learn a little about the country of Slovakia, also called the Slovak Republic!

This is a country in eastern Europe that borders Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Austria, and the Czech Republic.
It is about 19,000 square miles, and over 5 million people live there.
People in Slovakia speak either Slavic, Hungarian or Rusyn.

(from: wikipedia - slovakia)

The flag of Slovakia is white, blue and red, with the coat of arms on the front.
A few countries in eastern Europe use these same colors, and they are called the "Pan-Slavic" colors.

The coat of arms is a double cross for Christianity, and three mountains for the three main mountain ranges in the country.

(from: wikipedia - flag of slovakia)

To eat in Slovakia you might have Bryndzové Halušky, which is dumplings served with cheese and bacon.
You would also have a glass of Žinčica with it, which is like a creamy milk drink.

(from: wikipedia - )

Visiting Slovakia you might go see Bojnice Castle, which was built before 1200 AD.

(from: wikipedia - bojnice castle)

In Slovakia there is a large group of over 700 caves called Domica Cave.
These are caves made out of limestone that go on for over 3 miles.

(from: wikipedia - domica cave)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Palmer Station

Sunday, April 25, 2021

Amazing Grace - John Newton

We've learned a lot about what happened in Christianity after Jesus over thousands of years.

Let's learn about some of the famous songs people sing in church called hymns.

One of the most famous hymns is Amazing Grace by John Newton written in England in 1779.

John Newton was born in 1725, and when he was 18 he was made to work on a sailing ship.
When he was young he was not very nice, and said a lot of very mean things to people.

One day when he was on the ship a terrible storm came along and almost tipped the boat over.
He was so scared that he shouted out "Lord have mercy on us!"

Later on when he was back on land, he was happy to be alive, and remembered that he had shouted out to God for help.
So he decided to work to write hymns to help people worship God, and one of those hymns was Amazing Grace.

(from: wikipedia - amazing grace)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The People's Crusade

Saturday, April 24, 2021

Spiral Jetty - Robert Smithson

We just learned about the Untitled - Dan Flavin.

Another famous American sculpture is Spiral Jetty, made by Robert Smithson in 1970 in Utah.

This is a type of art called Land Art, which uses the land and earth to make a sculpture.
Spiral Jetty is 1,500 feet long spiral, made of mud, salt crystals and rocks.

The artist Smithson was born in 1938 in New Jersey, and went to art school in New York City.

(from: wikipedia - spiral jetty)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Patience and Fortitude

Friday, April 23, 2021

Swahili - His face is rough

We just learned in Swahili hands are soft is Mikono yake ni laini.

To say his face is rough you would say Uso wake ni mkali.
His - Uso - sounds like oo-soh 文A

face - wake - sounds like wah-kay 文A

is - ni - sounds like nee 文A

rough - mkali - sounds like m-kah-lee 文A

So all together Uso wake ni mkali sounds like oo-soh wah-kay nee m-kah-lee.

(from: wikipedia - swahili language)

Russian: Его лицо грубо (Yego litso grubo)

Norwegian: Ansiktet hans er grovt

Greek: Το πρόσωπό του είναι τραχύ (To prósopó tou eínai trachý)

ASL: His face is rough

Italian: il suo volto è ruvida

German: Sein Gesicht ist rau.

Spanish: Su cara es áspera

French: Son visage est rude

Thursday, April 22, 2021

Motor Oil

We just learned about the Timing Belt.

Another part of how a car works is Motor Oil.

When all the parts of a metal car engine are moving around, things can get very hot.
If you've ever heard metal scraping on metal, you know that two pieces of metal don't slide against each other smoothly.

To make the engine parts move smooth and not scrape against each other, cars use a slippery oil that lets helps things move around quickly without problems.

We learned before about the holes in the main engine called oil galleries.
That is where the motor oil goes, and it goes through all those holes to get to parts like the camshaft and crankshaft that need oil as they move around.

After a while the oil gets dirty from being used, so the oil has to be emptied out of a car and replaced with fresh oil.

(from: wikipedia - motor oil)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Vacuum Pump

Wednesday, April 21, 2021

Uganda Mangabey

We just learned about the Lion Tailed Macaque.

Another type of Old World Monkey is the Uganda Mangabey, also called the lophocebus ugandae.

Just like you would think from the name, these monkeys live in Uganda.
They grow to be about 3 feet long, weighing about 24 pounds.

Usually these monkeys live in the forests, but they go down to the ground for food, where they eat mostly fruits, nuts and seeds.

(from: wikipedia - uganda mangabey)

Uganda Mangabey - Johnnie Uganda Safaris

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pampas Cat

Tuesday, April 20, 2021

Cell Growth

We just learned a little about Malignant Tumor.

One of the six signs of Cancer is Cell Growth.

Usually in the human body, cells are created, they grow a little, and then they either split up into more cells, or they go away.
Sometimes cells don't do what they are supposed to, and they don't go away.
They just keep getting bigger and bigger, or keep dividing but not going away.
That can be a sign that makes some of the tumors we've learned about.

(from: wikipedia - cell growth)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Epicanthic Fold

Monday, April 19, 2021


We just learned about the country of San Marino

Let's learn a little about the country of Serbia!

This is a country in Europe that borders Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.

It is about 34,000 square miles and about 7 million people live there.
Most people in the country speak the language Serbian.

(from: wikipedia - serbia)

The flag of Serbia is three sideways stripes of red, blue and white.
In the middle is the coat of arms, with the Serbian Eagle and Cross.

(from: wikipedia - flag of serbia)

Pie is very popular in Serbia, and they make pies with everything from apples, cherries and pumpkins, to meat, potatoes, walnuts, cheese or mushrooms.

(from: wikipedia - )

Visiting Serbia you might go see Stopića Cave, a 5,000 foot long cave that has waterfalls, rivers and hot springs.

(from: wikipedia - stopića cave)

Serbia was the home to ancient Roman emperors, and there are ruins of a palace called Gamzigrad that was built around 300 AD.

(from: wikipedia - gamzigrad)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: ANSMET Station

Sunday, April 18, 2021

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

We just learned about the Camp Meetings.

Another part of early Christianity is the sermon Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.

In America in the 1741 a preacher named Jonathan Edwards wrote this sermon that he told to his church followers.
This sermon talked about how everyone was making God angry by sinning, and warned people of the dangers of the devil.
It made a lot of people scared to do bad things, and a lot more people started going to church because they didn't want to make God angry.

This type of message was called a "fire and brimstone" sermon because it used the idea of burning up in fire to scare people to be good.

Sometimes these ideas have worked through the years, but we know the Bible teaches that Jesus loves the world and gave up his life.
So it might be good to remind people that they need to go to church or bad things could happen, but it's also very important to remind them that Jesus loves them.

(from: wikipedia - sinners in the hands of an angry god)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Crusades

Saturday, April 17, 2021

Untitled - Dan Flavin

We just learned about the minimalist sculpture Anne Truit - A Wall for Apricots.

Another famous American sculpture is Untitled - Dan Flavin, made in 1980.

Flavin was born in New York in 1933, and studied art in Korea while he was in the air force.

He was most famous for making art using fluorescent lights.

(from: wikipedia - dan flavin)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: On the Prowl - Edward Kemeys

Friday, April 16, 2021

Swahili - Her hands are soft

We just learned in Swahili our table is short is Meza yetu ni fupi.

To say her hands are soft you would say Mikono yake ni laini.

Her - Mikono - sounds like mee-koh-noh 文A

hands - yake - sounds like yah-kay 文A

are - ni - sounds like nee 文A

soft - laini - sounds like lah-ee-nee 文A

So all together To say her hands are soft you would say mee-koh-noh yah-kay nee lah-ee-nee.

(from: wikipedia - swahili language)

Russian: Ее руки мягкие (Yeye ruki myagkiye)

Norwegian: Hennes hender er myke

Greek: Τα χέρια της είναι μαλακά (Ta chéria tis eínai malaká)

ASL: ASL: Her hands are soft

Italian: Le sue mani sono morbide

German: Ihre Hände sind weich

Spanish: Sus manos estan suaves

French: Ses mains sont douces

Thursday, April 15, 2021

Timing Belt

We just learned about the Crankshaft.

Another part of a car's engine is the Timing Belt, Timing Chain or Cambelt.

We know that the Crankshaft spins around with the up and down movement of the pistons,
and the Camshaft spins around to open and close the intake and exhaust valves.

Both the Crankshaft and the Camshaft need to spin at exactly the same time so that the valves open and close while the pistons are going up and down.
The timing belt is wrapped around both the crankshaft and camshaft to make sure they move at the same speed so the valves and pistons are all moving at the right time together.

(from: wikipedia - timing belt (camshaft))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Steam Turbine

Wednesday, April 14, 2021

Lion Tailed Macaque

We just learned about the L'Hoests Monkey.

Another type of old world monkey is the Lion Tailed Macaque.

These monkeys are mostly black but with a big white mane, like a lion.
They live in south India, and are about 2 feet long, weighing around 22 pounds.

These monkeys mostly live in trees in the rainforest and mostly eat fruit and bugs.

(from: wikipedia - lion tailed macaque)

This Alpha Male Macaque Has Made a Risky Decision - Smithsonian Channel

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ocelot

Tuesday, April 13, 2021

Malignant Tumor

We just learned about the Benign Tumor.

Another part of a disease is a Malignant Tumor.

Remember that a tumor or neoplasm is really just a bunch of extra cells that the body made that aren't supposed to be there.

Malignant means bad, so it is a bad tumor that is causing problems in the body.

A malignant tumor is also called cancer.
The human body makes new cells all the time, but the cells are supposed to live for a while, do their job and then go away.

Malignant tumors have many new cells that are not made right, and they also don't go away and continue to grow.
They can get in the way of other parts of the body like blood vessels, and they can spread to other parts of the body.

The name Cancer actually comes from the Greek word for crab "καρκίνος" (karkinos), because early Greek doctors thought a swollen tumor looked almost like the color of a crab.

(from: wikipedia - cancer)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Eyelids

Monday, April 12, 2021

San Marino

We just learned about the country of Portugal.
Let's learn a little about the country of San Marino!

This is a very small country that is inside of the country of Italy.
It is only 24 square miles, and has over 30,000 people living there.

(from: wikipedia - san marino)

The flag for San Marino is a white stripe over a blue stripe, with the coat of arms of San Marino in the middle.
The coat of arms has a picture of the famous three towers of San Marino, a picture of an oak, a wreath, and the words LIBERTAS which means Liberty.

(from: wikipedia - flag of san marino)

To eat in San Marino, you might have bustrengo, which is a type of fruitcake.

(from: wikipedia - )

San Marino is famous for its three towers on the mountain, which are shown on its flag.
One of those towers is calle the Fortress of Guiaita.
It ws built in before the year 1100 AD.

(from: wikipedia - guaita)

Visiting San Marino you might go see the Basilica di San Marino, which is an old church built around the year 600 AD.

(from: wikipedia - )

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Princess Elisabeth Antarctica Station

Sunday, April 11, 2021

Camp Meetings

We just learned about the French Revolution.

Another part of early Christianity was Camp Meetings.

For a long time people only worshipped in churches, and things were very serious.

During the 1800s, some people started getting together in camps, and having church outside at camps.
A lot of these church meetings were very wild with lots of singing and dancing and shouting.
It was very different and gave people a very strong feeling about church, and made them excited about church.

This different way that people felt about worship helped start something called the Revival of 1800, and the Second Great Awakening.
People in America were finding different ways to have church, and to try and make people excited about church.

(from: wikipedia - camp meeting)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: East-West Schism

Saturday, April 10, 2021

Anne Truitt - A Wall for Apricots

We just learned about the Bronze Gate by Robert Morris.

Another famous work of American art is A Wall for Apricots made in Baltimore in 1968.

Truitt was born in Maryland in 1921, and grew up in North Carolina.
She went to college for psychology, and then later went to study art.

Like other American artists at the time, she was famous for the Minimalist style that was very simple.
Her sculpture called A Wall for Apricots is a 6 foot tall rectangle block of wood painted in white, green and yellow.

(from: wikipedia - anne truitt)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Appeal to the Great Spirit - Cyrus Edward Dallin

Friday, April 9, 2021

Swahili - Our table is short

We just learned that in Swahili:
This house is big: Nyumba hii ni kubwa
This chair is small: Mwenyekiti ni mdogo
My drink is cold: Kinywaji changu ni baridi
Your food is hot: Chakula chako ni cha moto
Their car is tall is: Gari lao ni refu

To say our table is short you would say Meza yetu ni fupi.

Our - Meza - sounds like may-zah - 文A

table - yetu - sounds like yay-too - 文A

is - ni - sounds like nee - 文A

short - fupi - Sounds like foo-pee - 文A

So all together To say our table is short you would say may-zah yay-too nee foo-pee.

(from: wikipedia - swahili language)

Russian: наш стол короткий (nash stol korotkiy)

Norwegian: Vårt bord er kort

Greek: Το τραπέζι μας είναι σύντομο (To trapézi mas eínai sýntomo)

ASL: Our table is short

Italian: Il nostro tavolo è breve

German: Unser Tisch ist kurz

Spanish: Nuestra mesa es bajo

French: Notre table est courte

Thursday, April 8, 2021


We just learned about the Long Block.

Another part of a car is the Crankshaft.

We know the pistons go up and down with the car, and the power of those pistons is what makes the car go.

Underneath the pistons is something called the crankshaft.

When the pistons are pushed down when the gasoline burns up, they push down on the crankshaft.
That energy pushing down then turns the crankshaft and it spins around.
The spinning movement is what is used to help turn the wheels and make the car go.

(from: wikipedia - crankshaft)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Turbine

Wednesday, April 7, 2021

L'Hoest's Monkey

We just learned about the De Brazzs Monkey.

Another type of monkey is the L'Hoest's Monkey.

This type of monkey is known as a guenon monkey, and it lives in the middle of Africa in an area called the Congo basin.
The live in mountains with forests, and have dark fur with a white fury beard.

These are small monkeys, only about 2 feet long and weighing around 13 pounds.
They spend most of their time in the trees, and even sleep in the trees.

(from: wikipedia - l'hoest's monkey)

A tour of Edinburgh Zoo Scotland | Edinburgh tours - The Broonfords

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lynx

Tuesday, April 6, 2021

Benign Tumor

We just learned about the Neoplasm.

Another thing that happens to the human body is a Benign tumor.

Remember that a neoplasm is really just a bunch of extra cells that the body made that aren't supposed to be there.
Sometimes they are a lump you can see on the outside of someone's body, and sometimes they are inside the body on the organs.

If a tumor is staying where it is at, and is not spreading through the body then it is called benign.
That usually means it is not very bad and is not hurting a person.

(from: wikipedia - benign tumor)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Nasolacrimal Duct

Monday, April 5, 2021


We just learned about the country of Montenegro

Let's learn a little about the country of Portugal!

This is a small country on the south west part of Europe, bordering Spain and the Atlantic ocean.
It is only about 35,000 square miles and has about 10 million people living there.
In Portugal they speak the Portuguese language.

(from: wikipedia - portugal)

The Portuguese flag is red and green, with the Portuguese coat of arms in the middle.
Green on the flag stands for hope, and red stands for the people who died to protect the country.

(from: wikipedia - flag of portugal)

To eat in Portugal you might have bacalhau, which is the Portuguese word for the Cod fish.
Because Portual is right on the ocean, they eat fish a lot, and people say they have so many ways to cook bacalhau that they could have a different recipe for every day of the year.

(from: wikipedia - bacalhau)

Visiting Portugal, you might go to the beach called Praia da Marinha. It is on the Atlantic ocean, and is surrounded by orange limestone cliffs.

(from: wikipedia - praia da marinha)

Soccer is also very popular in Portugal, as one of the most famous players in the world Cristiano Ronaldo is from Portugal.

(from: wikipedia - cristiano ronaldo)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: McMurdo Stations

Sunday, April 4, 2021

French Revolution

We just learned about the Methodism.

Another part of early Christianity was the French Revolution.

This was a war that was going on with different people inside of France.
The pope at the time named Pope Pius VI said he was against the revolution, and because of that a man named Napoleon who was in the military decided to go to Italy and take the Pope prisoner.

That pope died a little while later, and a new Pope was elected that Napoleon liked, and that made a lot of people in France like the Catholic church.

(from: wikipedia - french revolution)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Peace and Truce of God

Saturday, April 3, 2021

Bronze Gate - Robert Morris

We just learned about the sculpture Caterpillar by Norman Carlberg.

Another famous American sculpture is Bronze Gate by Robert Morris made in 2005 in Pistoia Italy.

Robert Morris was born in Missouri, and went to the University of Kansas to learn about art.

He was famous for the minimalist kind of art that was used very simple shapes to make interesting art.
Morris was also famous for performance art, and land art.

His sculpture of Bronze Gate is an arch made of steel outside a hospital in Italy.

(from: wikipedia - robert morris (artist))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Bucky O'Neill Monument - Solon Borglum

Friday, April 2, 2021

Swahili - Their car is tall

We just learned that in Swahili:
This house is big: Nyumba hii ni kubwa
This chair is small: Mwenyekiti ni mdogo
My drink is cold: Kinywaji changu ni baridi
Your food is hot: Chakula chako ni cha moto

To say their car is tall you would say Gari lao ni refu .

car - gari - sounds like gah-ree - 文A

their - lao - sounds like lah-oh - 文A

is - ni - sounds like nee - 文A

tall - refu - Sounds like ray-foo - 文A

So all together Gari lao ni refu sounds like gah-ree lah-oh nee ray-foo.

(from: wikipedia - swahili language)

Norwegian: Deres bil er høy

Greek: Το αυτοκίνητό τους είναι ψηλό (To aftokínitó tous eínai psiló)

ASL: Their car is tall

Italian: La loro auto è alto

German: Ihr Auto ist groß

Spanish: Su coche es alto

French: Leur voiture est haut

Russian: Их машина высокая (Ikh mashina vysokaya)

Thursday, April 1, 2021

Long Block

We just learned about the Valvetrain.

Another part of the engine is the Long Block.

The long block is the cylinder head, head gasket, intake vales, exhaust valves and camshaft, together with what is called the short block.

The short block is all the parts of the engine under the head gasket.
Like the cylinder block, cylinders, coolant passages and oil galleries.

(from: wikipedia - automobile engine replacement)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pneumatic Cylinder