Saturday, September 22, 2018


We just learned about the Eight Nested Relic Boxes.

Let's learn about some ancient Japanese sculpture.

One type of sculpture is the Shakōki-dogū
The word dogū means "earthen figure" and "Shakōki" means "goggle-eyed", for the large eyes of the sculpture.

The dogū are small clay sculpture like a person or animal, made thousands of years ago.
Other different types of dogū were made, like heart shapes, horned owls or women.

There were many of these sculptures, and people have found about 15,000 of them in Japan.
Some people think they were made as magical objects that people thought could cure diseases or bad luck.

(from: wikipedia - dogū)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Fuga d'Attila Relief - Algardi

Friday, September 21, 2018

Greek - Nine Hundred

We counted to 100 in Greek, let's keep going!

200 διακόσια (diakósia) - sounds like dee-ah-KOH-see-ah
300 τριακόσια (triakósia) - sounds like d-dee-ah-KOH-see-ah
400 τετρακόσια (tetrakósia) - sounds like tay-t-dah-KOH-see-ah
500 πεντακόσια (pentakósia) - sounds like pay-n-tah-KOH-see-ah
600 εξακόσια (exakósia) - sounds like ay-ks-ah-KOH-see-ah
700 επτακόσια (eptakósia) - sounds like ay-p-tah-KOH-see-ah
800 οκτακόσια (oktakósia) - sounds like oh-k-tah-KOH-see-ah
900 εννιακόσια (enniakósia) - sounds like ay-nee-ah-KOH-see-ah

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: two hundred, three hundred, four hundred, five hundred, six hundred, seven hundred, eight hundred, nine hundred

Italian: duecento, trecento, quattrocento, cinquecento, seicento, settecento, ottocento, novecento

German: zweihundert, dreihundert, vierhundert, fünfhundert, sechshundert, siebenhundert, achthundert, neunhundert

Spanish: doscientos, trescientos, cuatrocientos, quinientos, seiscientos, sietecientos, ochocientos, novecientos

French: deux cent, trois cent, quatre cent, cinq cent, six cent, sept cent, huit cent, neuf cent

Thursday, September 20, 2018

Air Resistance

We just learned about Ballistics.

One part of ballistics is Air Resistance, which is also called drag.

When the rocket is flying through the air, it is pushing the air out of the way.
The shape of the rocket can make a big difference for how fast it can fly through the air.

If you think about it like pushing your hand through the water, if you point your hand it will go in the water fast.
But if you use the open flat part of your hand and smack the water, your hand will be more like a paddle and you'll slowly push the water out of the way.

We don't think about it much for air, but it works the same way for rockets trying to push through the air.
So the front of the rocket has to have a pointed shape for it to fly quickly.

(from: wikipedia - drag (physics))

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Listric Fault

Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Japanese Flying Squid

We just learned about the Opalescent Inshore Squid.

Another Japanese Flying Squid.

These squids live in the Pacific around Japan and Vietnam, and can grow to around 2 feet long.

They swim along by sucking water in on one side of their siphon, and then spitting it out the other side like a jet.

Sometimes they will swim so fast that they will shoot themselves up out of the water, and have been seen flying for almost 100 feet over the water!

(from: wikipedia - japanese flying squid)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Hourglass Tree Frog

Tuesday, September 18, 2018


We just learned about the Dentin.

Another part of the tooth is Cementum.

This is a hard covering for the tooth just like the enamel that we learned about, but it is covering the part of the tooth going down below the gums, called the root.

(from: wikipedia - cementum)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Skull Suture Tissue

Monday, September 17, 2018

Windsor Castle

We just learned about the Hohensalzburg Fortress.

Another famous castle is Windsor Castle, built around 1000 AD in Windsor, Berkshire, England.

Unlike a lot of other castles, this one has been lived in for a very long time by the royal family of England, like the King or Queen.

It covers over 10 acres, and has different areas called "wards" that have apartments or even a church called St. George's Chapel.

The queen of England still lives there on most weekends, and the royal family uses the castle as a place to have parties and do business.

(from: wikipedia - windsor castle)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Veracruz

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Olympus and Rhodion

We just learned about the Philologus - Bishop of Sinope, one of the seventy disciples.
t Caius - Bishop of Ephesus, one of the seventy disciples.
Another two of the seventy were Olympus and Rhodion.

Rhodion was also known as Herodion of Patras, and he was a relative of Paul and became a leader of the church in the town of Patras.

He had a very rough life and was beaten up by people who didn't like to hear what he said, and eventually he was killed along with his friend Olympas.

(from: wikipedia - olympas)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Pachomuis the Great

Saturday, September 15, 2018

Eight Nested Relic Boxes

We just learned about the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove.

Another ancient Chinese work of art is the Eight Nested Relic Boxes.

Long ago in China a man called Buddha lived and many people followed him because of all the wise things he had to say.

He was so famous that when he died, they saved one of his finger bones and put it inside of a nicely carved box.
This box was put into another box and another.
There were a total of eight boxes, made of either gold, silver or jade, and wrapped in silk.

These boxes are in a museum now for people to come visit and see the box that people believe has the finger bone of Buddha inside.

(from: wikipedia - famen temple)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Saint Heleni - Bolgi

Friday, September 14, 2018

Greek - One Hundred

We counted to 99 in Greek, let's keep going!

100 εκατό (ekató) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH
101 εκατόν ένα (ekatón éna) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n AY-nah
102 εκατόν δύο (ekatón dýo) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n DEE-y-oh
103 εκατόν τρεις (ekatón treis) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n t-day-ss
104 εκατόν τέσσερις (ekatón tésseris) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n TAY-say-dee-ss
105 εκατόν πέντε (ekatón pénte) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n PAY-n-tay
106 εκατόν έξι (ekatón éxi) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n AY-k-see
107 εκατόν επτά (ekatón eptá) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n ay-p-TAH
108 εκατόν οκτώ (ekatón októ) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n oh-k-TOH
109 εκατόν εννέα (ekatón ennéa) - sounds like ay-kah-TOH-n eh-NEE-y-ah

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: One hundred, one hundred one, one hundred two, one hundred three, one hundred four, one hundred five, one hundred six, one hundred seven, one hundred eight, one hundred nine

Italian: cento, centodue, centotre, centoquattro, centocinque, centosei, centosette, sentotto, sentonove

German: einhundert, einhunderteins, einhundertzwei, einhundertdrei, einhundertvier, einhundertfünf, einhundertsechs, einhundertsieben, einhundertacht, einhundertneun

Spanish: ciento, ciento uno, ciento dos, ciento tres, ciento cuatro, ciento cinco, ciento seis, ciento siete, ciento ocho, ciento nueve

French: cent, cent, cent deux, cent trois, cent quatre, cent cinq, cent six, cent sept, cent huit

Thursday, September 13, 2018


We just learned about the Inertial Navigation Systems.

Another part of navigating rockets is the science of Ballistics.

This is all about the forces that are moving the rocket around, and what happens to the rocket because of those forces.

Usually there are 4 forces on the rocket:
1. Thrust from the engine
2. Gravity
3. Drag - which is like the air blowing against the rocket
4. Lift - which is like air blowing with the rocket

(from: wikipedia - ballistics)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Olique Slip Fault

Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Opalescent Inshore Squid

We just learned about the Big Blue Octopus.

Another type of cephalopod is the Opalescent Inshore Squid, also called Doryteuthis opalescens.

This is a very small squid, only growing to about 7 inches.

They live in the Pacific ocean by the eastern short of North America, all the way from Alaska to Mexico.

These squids are tiny but there are lots and lots of them.
The mother squids lay their eggs on the ocean floor, and there are so many that they cover acres and acres in the sand.
Because there are so many eggs there, a lot of ocean predators like starfish will go eat the eggs.

When the squids grow up, they are still very tiny but when they get together in groups there can be millions of them all in one place!
With so many of them swimming around, they are a big snack for other animals like sharks and seals.

(from: wikipedia - doryteuthis opalescens)

Opalescent Squid Egg Laying - nofishful

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Puerto Rican Crested Toad

Tuesday, September 11, 2018


We just learned about the Tooth Enamel.

Another part of the tooth is the Dentin.

This is the part of the tooth right under the enamel.
It is not quite as hard as the enamel, but it helps support the tooth underneath it.

(from: wikipedia - dentin)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cartilage

Monday, September 10, 2018

Hohensalzburg Fortress

We just learned about Spiš Castle.

Another famous ancient castle is Hohensalzburg Fortress, built around 1000 AD in Salzburg, Austria.

This castle is over 800 feet long and about 500 feet wide, and up over 1,600 feet high on top of a tall hill.

It ws used as a home for some powerful political people, and as a prison during wars.

Inside the castle are many rooms and a courtyard.
One of the rooms has a huge musical organ with more than 200 pipes, called the Salzburg Bull.

One of the fanciest rooms is called the Golden Chamber, which has golden decorations all over it.

(from: wikipedia - hohensalzburg fortress)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mexico City

Sunday, September 9, 2018

Philologus - Bishop of Sinope

We just learned about Caius - Bishop of Ephesus, one of the seventy disciples.

Another of the seventy was Philologus - Bishop of Sinope.

He was a leader of the church in a place called Sinope, which is now in Turkey.

(from: wikipedia - philologus of sinope)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Desert Fathers

Saturday, September 8, 2018

Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove

We just learned about the Nestorian Stele.

Another ancient Chinese work of art is the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove sculpture.

The seven sages in Chinese history were wise men, musicians and writers that lived in China around 200 AD.

They were very famous, and this sculpture is made of more than 300 bricks, carved to make a picture when they were put together.
It is over 8 feet long and about three feet tall.

(from: wikipedia - seven sages of the bamboo grove)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Saint Andrew - Duquesnoy

Friday, September 7, 2018

Greek - Counting to Ninety Nine

We counted to 89 in Greek, let's keep going!

90 ενενήντα (enenínta) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah
91 ενενήντα ένα (enenínta éna) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah AY-nah
92 ενενήντα δύο (enenínta dýo) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah DEE-y-oh
93 ενενήντα τρεις (enenínta treis) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah t-day-ss
94 ενενήντα τέσσερις (enenínta tésseris) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah TAY-say-dee-ss
95 ενενήντα πέντε (enenínta pénte) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah PAY-n-tay
96 ενενήντα έξι (enenínta éxi) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah AY-k-see
97 ενενήντα επτά (enenínta eptá) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah ay-p-TAH
98 ενενήντα οκτώ (enenínta októ) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah oh-k-TOH
99 ενενήντα εννέα (enenínta ennéa) - sounds like ay-nay-NEEN-tah eh-NEE-y-ah

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: Ninety, ninety one, ninety two, ninety three, ninety four, ninety five, ninety six, ninety seven, ninety eight, ninety nine

Italian: novanta, novantuno, novantadoue, novantatre, novantaquattro, novantacinque, novantasei, novantasette, novantotto, novantanove

German: neunzig, einundneunzig, zweiundneunzig, dreiundneunzig, vierundneunzig, fünfundneunzig, sechsundneunzig, siebenundneunzig, achtundneunzig, neunundneunzig

Spanish: noventa, noventa y uno, noventa y dos, noventa y tres, noventa y cuatro, noventa y cinco, noventa y seis, noventa y siete, noventa y ocho, noventa y nueve

French: quatre-vingts dix, quatre-vingt onze, quatre-vingt douze, quatre-vingt treize, quatre-vingt quatorze, quatre-vingt quinze, quatre-vingt seize, quatre-vingt dix sept, quatre-vingt dix huit, quatre-vingt dix neuf