Showing posts with label Mouth. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mouth. Show all posts

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Hard Palate


We just learned about the Sublingual Caruncle.

Another part of the mouth is the Hard Palate.

This is the roof of your mouth, right over your tongue.
You can push up on it with your tongue, and it is hard because there is bone right there underneath the skin.


(from: wikipedia - hard palate)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Metatarsal Ligaments

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Sublingual Caruncle


We just learned about the Fimbriated Fold.

Another part of the mouth is the Sublingual Caruncle.

Sublingual means "underneath the tongue", and caruncle means some skin sticking out like a bump.

Remember the frenulum is the piece of skin under the tongue that holds it in place.
On each side of the frenulum is a little bump.
That bump is the sublingual caruncle, and it is where most of the saliva or spit in your mouth comes out of.


(from: wikipedia - submandibular gland)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Distal Intertarsal Ligaments

Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Fimbriated Fold


We just learned about the Frenulum.

Another part of the mouth is the Fimbriated Fold of the tongue, also sometimes called the Plica Fimbriata.
The word fimbria comes from the latin word for "fringe"
These are two folds of skin on the bottom of the tongue, going front to back on either side of the frenulum.

For most people these just look like lines with bumps going down the tongue, but for some people there are small pieces of skin sticking out longer.


(from: wikipedia - fimbriated fold of tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Transverse Tarsal Ligaments

Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Frenulum


We just learned about the Foramen Cecum.

Another part of the mouth is the Frenulum.

This is the piece of skin underneath the tongue that helps hold your tongue in place.


(from: wikipedia - frenulum of tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Talocalcaneal Ligaments

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Foramen Cecum


We just learned about the Sulcus Terminus.

Another part of the tongue is the Foramen Cecum.

Remember the median sulcus is the line that goes down the middle of your tongue.
At the back of your tongue, and at the end of that line is the foramen cecum.

We also learned that the sulcus terminus is a v shape at the back of the tongue.
In the middle of the v shape is the foramen cecum.

So right where the "median sulcus" line and "sulcus terminus" v shape meet is the "foramen cecum" point.


(from: wikipedia - tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Talocrural and Ankle Ligaments

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Sulcus Terminus


We just learned about the Median Sulcus.

Another part of the human tongue is the Sulcus Terminus.

This is all the way on the back of the tongue.
Right before the back of the throat, some of the skin in the tongue makes a V-shape,
that comes to a point in the middle right at the end of the median sulcus before going down the throat.

This is called the sulcus terminus.


(from: wikipedia - tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Inferior Tibiofibular Joint

Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Median Sulcus


We just learned about the Circumvallate Papillae.

Another part of the tongue is the Median Sulcus.

Right on the top middle of your tongue there is a line going all the way from front to back.

This line is the median sulcus, and it divides the tongue into a left and right side.
It's sort of like a line in a piece of paper that's been folded, and most people can fold their tongue in half right there inside their mouth.
With the tongue folded right on that line, sometimes it can help when eating food.


(from: wikipedia - tongue)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Superior Tibiofibular Ligaments

Tuesday, March 5, 2019

Circumvallate Papillae


We just learned about the Foliate Papillae.

Another part of the mouth is the Circumvallate papillae.

We know the filiform papillae are just for touch,
the fungiform papillae have taste buds,
and the foliate papillae are soft folded skin on the sides and back of the tongue with taste buds.

The circumvallate papillae are rounded on top, and the tongue has around 8 to 12 of them.
They are on the back part of the tongue, with one row on each side.
These papillae are usually bigger bumps than the other types of bumps on the tongue.



(from: wikipedia - lingual papillae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Patellar Ligament

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Foliate Papillae


We just learned about the Fungiform Papillae.

Another part of the mouth is the Foliate Papillae.

So we know the filiform papillae are just for touch, and the fungiform papillae have the taste buds.

The foliate papillae are on the back and sides of the tongue, and almost look like they have folds on them.
They are soft, and don't have any keratin, but they do have taste buds on them.



(from: wikipedia - lingual papillae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Medial and Lateral Meniscus

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Fungiform Papillae


We just learned about the Filiform Papillae.

Another type of lingual papillae is the Fungiform Papillae.

Remember the lingual papillae are the bumps on the top of your tongue, and there are a few different types.

The fungiform papillae are shaped like a club, and are usually red.
They are mixed in along with all of the filiform papillae, but they are mostly found on the tip and sides of the tongue.

These bumps have taste buds, and can sense the five different tastes: sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami.



(from: wikipedia - lingual papillae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Knee Ligaments

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

Filiform Papillae


We just learned about the Taste Buds.

Another part of the tongue is the Filiform Papillae.

The lingual papillae that we learned about come in a few different shapes and sizes.
One of those is the filiform papillae, which are small and cone shaped, with small threads at the top.

These papillae do not have any taste buds, they are only used by the tongue for feeling, and to give the tongue a rough feeling.

The tongue has more filiform papillae than any other type of papillae.



(from: wikipedia - lingual papillae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Hip Femur Ligaments

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Taste Buds


We just learned about the Lingual Papillae.

Another part of the mouth is the Taste Buds.

The lingual papillae are the little bumps on the tongue, and on most of those little bumps are what we call taste buds, or taste receptors.

The taste receptors or buds are the tongue are what tell your mouth what flavor something is.
There are five different taste types: salty, sour, bitter, sweet and umami.

The human tongue usually has from 2,000 to 8,000 taste buds.


(from: wikipedia - taste bud)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Phalangeal Ligaments

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Lingual Papillae


We just learned about the Specialized Mucosa.

Another part of the mouth is the Lingual Papillae.

These are the little bumps on the top of your tongue that are where your taste buds are.
The way the tongue has these little bumps helps your tongue be able to taste all sorts of different flavors.


(from: wikipedia - lingual papillae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Metacarpal Ligaments

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

Specialized Mucosa


We just learned about the Lining Mucosa.

Another part of the mouth is the Specialized Mucosa.

This is the skin on the top of the tongue that makes up the taste buds that tell you what something tastes like!


(from: wikipedia - lingual papillae)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Intercarpal Ligaments

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Lining Mucosa


We just learned about the Masticatory Mucosa.

Another part of the mouth is the Lining Mucosa.

This is the part of the soft loose skin inside of the mouth under the tongue, on the inside of the cheeks, and on the inside of the lips.


(from: wikipedia - stratified squamous epithelium)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Carpal Ligaments

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Masticatory Mucosa


We just learned about the Oral Mucosa.

Another part of the skin in the mouth is the Masticatory Mucosa.

This is the part of the wet mouth skin called gingiva that is on the roof of the mouth, and the top of the tongue.
The skin on these parts of the mouth is called keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.
That is a lot of big words that mean flattened skin with a lot of layers, that isn't loose and saggy.

It is different than other skin like underneath the tongue that is very loose.


(from: wikipedia - hard palate)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Radioulnar Ligaments

Tuesday, January 1, 2019

Oral Mucosa


We just learned about the Gingiva.

Another part of the mouth is the Oral Mucosa.

This is a fancy way of saying the wet skin inside your mouth.
The oral mucosa is the skin on the inside of your cheeks, your gums, the skin on the roof of your mouth, on your tongue, under your tongue and the skin inside your lips.


(from: wikipedia - oral mucosa)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ulnar Collateral Ligament

Tuesday, December 25, 2018

Gingiva


We just learned about the Periodontal Ligament.

Another part of the mouth is the Gingiva, also known as the Gums.

The gums are the soft part of the inside of the mouth, around the teeth.

The lips and cheeks have skin that moves around, but the skin of the gums stays stuck to the bones of the jaw, so they help hold the teeth in place and help protect the parts of the teeth below the gums.

Gums are supposed to be a color called "coral pink" for lighter skinned people.
If the gums are red or bleeding, it can mean that the person has bad mouth problems and needs to brush more or use mouthwash.


(from: wikipedia - gums)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Humeroradial Ligaments

Tuesday, December 18, 2018

Periodontal Ligament


We just learned about the Alveolar Process.

Another part of the mouth is the Periodontal Ligament, sometimes just called the PDL.

We learned that the tooth sits into the tooth socket bone.
The Periodontal Ligaments is a soft tissue that helps hold the tooth in place, and goes between the tooth cementum and the tooth socket.


(from: wikipedia - periodontal fiber)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Glenohumeral Ligaments

Tuesday, December 11, 2018

Alveolar Process


We just learned about the Dental Alveoli.

Another part of the mouth is the Alveolar Process.

This is the jaw bone that holds on to the tooth sockets, or dental alveoli we just learned about.


(from: wikipedia - alveolar process)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Scapula & Clavicle Ligaments