Sunday, May 8, 2022

Down to the River to Pray


We just learned about the Christian song Were You There.

Another famous Christian song is Down to the River to Pray, sometimes also called Dotn in the River to Pray, Down in the Valley to Pray, The Good Old Way, or Come Let Us All Go Down.

This is another very old song, that was first put into a song book around 1867 in America.

No one knows who first wrote this song, but it was sung by African Americans who sang songs about God and Jesus while they were slaves.
Before the civil war happened, people had slaves in the southern parts of America.
There were people in northern part of Americat that wanted to get rid of slavery.

In the south the bad people would argue that African Americans weren't actually even human.
So some northern people went down to southern slave plantations and wrote down a bunch of the songs that the slaves were singing, just like this one.
They put the songs into a book called Slave Songs of the United States, and printed the book for everyone to read.
In that way they showed that African Americans weren't just people, but God loving Christian people that needed to be saved from slavery.

Lyrics:
As I went down in the valley to pray, Studying about that good old way,
When you shall wear the starry crown, Good Lord, show me the way.
O mourner, let's go down, let's go down, let's go down,
O mourner, let's go down, Down in the valley to pray


(from: wikipedia - down in the river to pray)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Holy Holy Holy, Lord God Almighty

Saturday, May 7, 2022

The Last Judgement - Sistine Chapel Altar - Michelangelo


We just learned about Michelangelo's painting of Jesus' Ancestors on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

Another famous painting by Michelangelo wsa The Last Judgement.

This is also at the Sistine Chapel, but is behind the altar.
Just like the ceiling at this chapel, it is a huge painting with over 300 people in the painting and lots of different things going on in the painting.

The painting tells the story of the Second Cominng of Christ when the Bible says that God will come down from heaven some day.
It took Michelangelo over 4 years to finish, some time around the year 1541.

The left side of the painting shows good people that are going up to heaven.
The right side of the painting shows bad people that are going down to hell.
In the middle of the painting are Jesus and his mother Mary.


(from: wikipedia - the last judgement (michelangelo))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Gates - Christ and Jean Claude

Friday, May 6, 2022

Hindi - Thursday, Friday


We just learned that Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday in Hindi is सोमवार (somavaar), मंगलवार (mangalavaar), बुधवार (budhavaar).

Let's keep learning the days of the week!

Thursday - गुरूवार - (guroovaar) sounds like goo-droo-vah-dr - 文A

Friday - शुक्रवार -(shukravaar) sounds like shuh-krah-vah-dr - 文A


hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: Alhamisi, Ijumaa

Russian: Четверг (Chetverg), пятница (Pyatnitsa)

Norwegian: Torsdag, Fredag

Greek: Πέμπτη (Pémpti), Παρασκευή (Paraskeví)

ASL: Thursday, Friday

Italian: Giovedì, Venerdì

German: Donnerstag, Freitag

Spanish: Viernes, Jueves

French: Jeudi, Vendredi

Thursday, May 5, 2022

Making Oil


We just learned about the Chrome Browser, and a lot of other things about Computers!

Let's learn a little about something else.

One of the things that is used a lot in our world is Oil.
We use oil to create gasoline for cars, but also to make moving things slippery.
Oil is also used for things like making plastics, or even things like bubble gum and toothpaste.

But how do we get toothpaste from the sticky dark oil in the ground?
The way that we get oil out of the ground is called refining.

The oil refineries take the sticky dark oil, and turn it into many different types of oils that can then be sold for use in cars, plastics or other things.


(from: wikipedia - petroleum refining processes)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Oil Filter

Wednesday, May 4, 2022

Asian Small-Clawed Otter


We just learned about the Marbled Polecat.

Another animal in the same family is the Asian Small-Clawed Otter.

These otters are the smallest type of otter in the world, growing only to about 80 centimeters long, and weighing about 3 kilograms.
Just like you would think from their name, they have very short clas that don't go past their webbed feet.

These little animals live in south Asia, and unlike some other otters they love to hang out with their other otter friends and will sometimes live with 20 other otters!
They are pretty smart too, and they know that if they catch a crab they can lay it out in the sun for the shell to dry out so they can crack it easier.


(from: wikipedia - asian small-clawed otter)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Gelada

Tuesday, May 3, 2022

Olfactory Receptor Neuron


We just learned about the Olfactory Receptor.

Another part of the nose is the Olfactory Receptor Neuron.

The word "olfactory" means something to do with the sense of smell.
In Latin the word olere later turned into the English word odor, so olfactory means something like the smells factory.

The Olfactory Receptor we already learned about is where smells come in and get turned into messages for the brain.
The Olfactory Receptor Neurons are what take those messages from the Receptors and pass them on to the brain to understand what smells you are smelling.


(from: wikipedia - olfactory receptor neuron)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Avoiding Apoptosis

Monday, May 2, 2022

British Virgin Islands


We just learned about the country of Aruba

Let's learn a little about the country of British Virgin Islands!

This country is in the Caribbean, and is made up of 4 main islands and over 50 smaller ones.
It is about 150 square kilometers, and about 30,000 people live there.
The people in this country speak most English, and sometimes Spanish.


(from: wikipedia - british virgin islands)

The flag of the British Virgin Islands is blue with the British flag and the Virgin Islands coat of arms on it.
The coat of arms has Saint Ursula holding a gold lamp and 11 other lamps, and the word Vigilate which menas Be Watchful.


(from: wikipedia - flag of the british virgin islands)

To eat in this country you might have roti, which is a type of flatbread.


(from: wikipedia - roti)

Visiting this country you might go see The Baths, which is a famous beach that also has very large boulders all over it and some tunnels and archways.

(from: wikipedia - the baths)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Slovenia

Sunday, May 1, 2022

Were You There


We just learned about the Christian Song Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen.

Another famous Christian song is called Were You There.

This song was another song that was sung by African Americans when they were slaves, and then later written down and put in a book of hymns for churches to sing.

It goes through four verses, and in each one asks if you were there for one of the sad things that happened to Jesus.
Were you there when they crucified my Lord.
Were you there when they nailed him to the cross.
Were you there when they pierced him in the side.
Were you there when the sun refused to shine.

After every verse it says "Sometimes it causes me to tremble!"
Before the civil war when slavery was still happening in the south, the African American slaves had very hard lives where sometimes they were beaten or even killed.
So sometimes a song like this could maybe help them feel like they were connected to Jesus who also suffered in hard times.

Lyrics:
Were you there when they crucified my Lord? (Were you there?)
Were you there when they crucified my Lord?
O sometimes it causes me to tremble! tremble! tremble!
Were you there when they crucified my Lord?

Were you there when they nail'd him to the cross? (Were you there?)
Were you there when they nail'd him to the cross?
O sometimes it causes me to tremble! tremble! tremble!
Were you there when they nail'd him to the cross?

Were you there when they pierced him in the side? (Were you there?)
Were you there when they pierced him in the side?
O sometimes it causes me to tremble! tremble! tremble!
Were you there when they pierced him in the side?

Were you there when the sun refused to shine? (Were you there?)
Were you there when the sun refused to shine?
O sometimes it causes me to tremble! tremble! tremble!
Were you there when the sun refused to shine?


(from: wikipedia - were you there)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: How Great Thou Art - Carl Boberg

Saturday, April 30, 2022

Jesus' Ancestors - Sistine Chapel - Michelangelo


We just learned about the Sistine Chapel paintings of Jesus' ancestors, Aminadab, Naason.
Salmon, Boaz and Obed, Jesse, David and Solomon.
Another few of the ancestor paintings are of Rehoboam and Abijah.

There are 14 total paintings of the ancestors of Jesus around the outside of the Sistine Chapel.
Each one has the names of the ancestors and some people next to the names.

The paintings are of:
Asa, Jehosaphat, Joram
Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz
Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon
Josiah, Jechoniah, Sheatiel
Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim
Azor, Sadoch
Achim, Eliud
Eleazar, Mathan
Jacob, Joseph

Joseph is the father of Jesus, so Michelangelo showed 14 paintings and named 33 of the ancestors of Jesus that are listed in the Bible book of Matthew.










(from: wikipedia - gallery of sistine chapel ceiling)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Two Running Violet V Forms - Robert Irwin

Friday, April 29, 2022

Hindi - Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday


We just learned in Hindi that to say his face is rough is उसका चेहरा खुरदरा है (usaka chehara khuradara hai)

Let's learn the days of the week in Hindi!

Monday - सोमवार (somavaar) - Sounds like sow-m-vah-r - 文A

Tuesday - मंगलवार (mangalavaar) - Sounds like mah-n-ghel-vah-r - 文A

Wednesday - बुधवार (budhavaar) - Sounds like boo-d-vah-r - 文A


hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: Jumatatu, Jumanne, Jumatano

Russian: Понедельник (Ponedel'nik), Вторник (Vtornik), Среда (Sreda)

Norwegian: Mandag, Tirsdag, Onsdag

Greek: Δευτέρα (Deftéra), Τρίτη (Tríti), Τετάρτη (Tetárti)

ASL: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday

Italian: Lunedi, Martedì, Mercoledì

German: Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch

Spanish: Lunes, Martes, Miercoles

French: Lundi, Mardi, Mercredi

Thursday, April 28, 2022

Chrome


We've learned about the first internet Web Browsers like WorldWideWeb, Mosaic, Netscape and Firefox, Internet Explorer and Edge.

Another type of browser is Chrome.

In 2008 Google thought that the internet browsers out there were not good enough, so they made their own, and called it Chrome.
It is still very popular today and a lot of people use it.


(from: wikipedia - google chrome)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Oil Pump

Wednesday, April 27, 2022

Marbled Polecat


We just learned about the Greater Grison.

Another animal in the same family is the Marbled Polecat, also called Vormela Peregusna.

These animals look a little funny.
They have a black and white face sort of like a badger, but their body is a brown, orange or yellow with black spots on it.
Marbled Polecats grow to be about 30 centimeters long, and weigh about 500 grams.

Sometimes when these little animals get scared they can let out a very stinky smell to tell predators to stay away!
Sort of like a skunk, but they don't spray it up into the air.


(from: wikipedia - marbled polecat)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Olive Baboon

Tuesday, April 26, 2022

Olfactory Receptor


We just learned about the Olfactory Mucosa.

Another part of the nose is the Olfactory Receptor, also called odorant receptors or just OR.

These are tiny little parts of cells in the nose that sit and wait for smells to come in.
There are tiny little hairs called cilia that these cells are in, just waiting for something to smell.

If a smell comes in, it will be made up of some chemicals.
Each olfactory receptor is built to handle a different type of smell.

When a smell like a flower comes in, that will bring flower smelling chemicals into the nose, and the receptors that are waiting for flower smells will get excited and let out other chemicals that tell the brain which kind of smell just came in.


(from: wikipedia - olfactory receptor)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Anti-Growth Signals

Monday, April 25, 2022

Aruba


We just learned about the country of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Let's learn a little about the country of Aruba!

This country is in the Carribbean, and just north of South America and Venezuela.
It is about 180 square kilometers, and about 116,000 people live there.
The people in this country speak Dutch or Papiemento, which is like Portuguese and Spanish mixed.
Some people also speak English and Spanish.


(from: wikipedia - aruba)

The flag of Aruba is blue, with a red star and two sideways yellow lines.
Blue is for the ocean, yellow lines are for gold and flowers, and the star is like a compass star for all the people in Aruba that have come from different places around the world.


(from: wikipedia - flag of aruba)

To eat in this country you might have stoba, which is a stew made from papaya and goat's meat.

(from: wikipedia - aruba)

Visiting this country you might go see one of the many beautiful beaches or resorts to relax in the sunshine.

(from: wikipedia - aruba)

There are markings from ancient people who used to live in Aruba known as the Arawak.

(from: wikipedia - aruba)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Slovakia

Sunday, April 24, 2022

Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen


We just learned about the He's Got the Whole World in His Hands.

Another famous Christian song is Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen.

This is another song that started off as something that African American slaves would sing.
Life was very bad for slaves that had to work very hard jobs and were treated very badly.
So this is one of the songs they would sing about how they have lots of troubles, but heaven is waiting for them.

It was first recorded in 1867, but the song was a lot older than that.
One of the most famous recordings was by a famous musician named Louis Armstrong.

Lyrics:
Nobody knows the trouble I've been through, Nobody knows my sorrow
Nobody knows the trouble I've seen, Glory hallelujah!
Sometimes I'm up, sometimes I'm down, Oh, yes, Lord
Sometimes I'm almost to the ground, Oh, yes, Lord
Although you see me going 'long so, Oh, yes, Lord
I have my trials here below, Oh, yes, Lord
If you get there before I do, Oh, yes, Lord
Tell all-a my friends I'm coming to Heaven!, Oh, yes, Lord


(from: wikipedia - nobody knows the trouble i've seen)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Amazing Grace - John Newton
g

Saturday, April 23, 2022

Rehoboam and Abijah - Sistine Chapel - Michelangelo


We just learned about the Sistine Chapel paintings of Jesus' ancestors, Aminadab, Naason.
Salmon, Boaz and Obed, Jesse, David and Solomon.

Another of the ancestor paintings is called Rehoboam and Abijah.

In the old testament of the Bible, King Solomon had a son named Rehoboam, and then Rehoboam had a son named Abijah.
In the Bible they were not very good followers of God and did not have a great time.

The painting shows a person on the left and right, and a small person who is maybe a child on the right.
These are probably not supposed to be Rehoboam and Abijah.


(from: wikipedia - gallery of sistine chapel ceiling)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Spiral Jetty - Robert Smithson

Friday, April 22, 2022

Hindi - His face is rough


We just learned in Hindi her hands are soft is उसके हाथ कोमल हैं (usake haath komal hain).

To say his face is rough you would say उसका चेहरा खुरदरा है (usaka chehara khuradara hai).

His - उसका (usaka) - sounds like oo-skah - 文A

face - चेहरा (chehara) - sounds like chay-hah-dah - 文A

rough - खुरदरा (khuradara) - sounds like koo-day-drah - 文A

is - है (hai) - sounds like hay - 文A



So all together उसका चेहरा खुरदरा है (usaka chehara khuradara hai) sounds like oo-skah chay-hah-dah koo-day-drah hay.


hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: Uso wake ni mkali

Russian: Его лицо грубо (Yego litso grubo)

Norwegian: Ansiktet hans er grovt

Greek: Το πρόσωπό του είναι τραχύ (To prósopó tou eínai trachý)

ASL: His face is rough

Italian: il suo volto è ruvida

German: Sein Gesicht ist rau.

Spanish: Su cara es áspera

French: Son visage est rude

Thursday, April 21, 2022

Internet Explorer and Edge


We've learned about the first internet Web Browsers like WorldWideWeb, Mosaic, Netscape and Firefox.

Another few Internet Browsers are Internet Explorer and Edge.

In 1995 around the same time that Netscape was starting up, Microsoft made their own web browser called Internet Explorer, also sometimes just called "IE" for short.
IE went through lots of changes from 1995 through 2020, and then Microsoft decided to replace IE with a new browser called "Edge".


(from: wikipedia - internet explorer)

(from: wikipedia - microsoft edge)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Motor Oil

Wednesday, April 20, 2022

Greater Grison


We just learned about the Fisher.

Another type of animal in the same family is the Greater Grison.

These small animals grow to be about 60 centimeters, and weigh about 4 kilograms.
They are mostly black on the bottom and grey or white on top.

One funny thing about these animals is that when they are hunting they won't just run straight at their prey.
They will run in a zig zag pattern, then start grunting, then do a loud screech before jumping on their meal.


(from: wikipedia - greater grison)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Uganda Mangabey

Tuesday, April 19, 2022

Olfactory Mucosa


We just learned about the Vomeronasal Organ.

Another part of the nose is the Olfactory Mucosa.

This is the wet skin on the inside of the nose that helps collect the things in the air that make smells.
The mucosa is like the inside of your mouth, and is wet and slimy.
Those smells stick to the wet slimy skin, and then some other sensors in the nose work to figure out what the smell is.


(from: wikipedia - olfactory mucosa)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cell Growth

Monday, April 18, 2022

Saint Pierre and Miquelon


We just learned about the country of Cayman Islands

Let's learn a little about the country of Saint Pierre and Miquelon!

This country is in the northern Atlantic ocean, just east of Canada.
It is about 242 square kilometers, and about 6,000 people live there.
The people in this country speak French.


(from: wikipedia - saint pierre and miquelon)

The flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon is either the flag of France, or a special flag made just for the islands.
The special flag is a yellow ship called the Grande Hermine sailing on a blue sea. This was the French ship that discovered the island.
On the left are the flags of three countries that have ruled over the island: Basques, Bretons, and Normans.


(from: wikipedia - flag of saint pierre and miquelon)

Visiting this country you might go see the coastal city of St. Pierre, which is the biggest town and place where most of the business like fishing happens.

(from: wikipedia - saint pierre and miqueon)

Because Saint Pierre and Miquelon are so far to the north by Canada, they can have very harsh winters with lots of snow!

(from: wikipedia - saint pierre and miquelon)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Serbia

Sunday, April 17, 2022

He's Got the Whole World in his Hands


We just learned about the Swing Low Sweet Chariot.

Another famous Christian song is He's Got the Whole World in his Hands.

This is a song that was made famous as an African-American spiritual, from days during slavery when African-American people would sing Christian songs to try and be happy even though they were slaves.
In 1927 the song was put into a book of hymns called Spirituals Triumphant, Old and New.

Since then it's been recorded by many other musicians giving their own style to how the song sounds.

The lyrics start by saying He's got the whole world in his hands, and then move on to say He's got other things, like the little bitty baby, you and me sister, everybody here, you and me brother.


(from: wikipedia - he's got the whole world in his hand)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

Saturday, April 16, 2022

Jesse, David, Solomon - Sistine Chapel - Michelangelo


We just learned about the Sistine Chapel paintings of Jesus' ancestors, Aminadab, Naason.
and Salmon, Boaz and Obed.

Another of the ancestor paintings is called Jesse, David and Solomon.

We know of King David in the old testament, one of the most well known kings of all time of Isreal, and one of the ancestors of Jesus.
Jesse was David's father, and Solomon was David's son.

For this painting, Michelangelo painted a servant woman, and old man and an old woman.
People think these are not supposed to be Jesse, David and Solomon, but just people who maybe lived at the time they were around.


(from: wikipedia - gallery of sistine chapel ceiling)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Untitled - Dan Flavin

Friday, April 15, 2022

Hindi - Her hands are soft


We just learned in Hindi our table is short is >हमारी टेबल छोटी है (hamaaree tebal chhotee hai).

To say her hands are soft you would say उसके हाथ कोमल हैं (usake haath komal hain).
This really means "Her hands soft are".

Her - उसके (usake) - sounds like oo-skee - 文A

hands - हाथ (haath) - sounds like hah-th - 文A

soft - कोमल (komal) - sounds like koh-mah-l - 文A

are - हैं (hain) - sounds like hay - 文A


So all together To say her hands are soft you would say oo-skee hah-th koh-mah-l hay.

hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: Mikono yake ni laini

Russian: Ее руки мягкие (Yeye ruki myagkiye)

Norwegian: Hennes hender er myke

Greek: Τα χέρια της είναι μαλακά (Ta chéria tis eínai malaká)

ASL: ASL: Her hands are soft

Italian: Le sue mani sono morbide

German: Ihre Hände sind weich

Spanish: Sus manos estan suaves

French: Ses mains sont douces

Thursday, April 14, 2022

Netscape and Firefox


We just learned about the Web Browser, and some of the first browsers called WorldWideWeb and Mosaic.

Another kind of browser was called Netscape, which then later turned into a browser called Firefox.

The browser Netscape was made by Marc Andreeson, one of the same people who worked on the Mosaic browser.
Netscape brought along a lot of big changes, like colors, animations, and lots of programming that people could do in browsers.

Later on the Netscape browser went away, but the people who worked on it came back later with a new browser called Firefox.





Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Long Block

Wednesday, April 13, 2022

Fisher


We just learned about the American Marten.

Another kind of animal in the same family is the Fisher, also called the pekan, wejak, or pekani pennanti.

The Fisher grows to be about 3 feet long and weigh about 10 pounds.
They have mostly brown fur all over their body.
Even though their name is fisher, these animals mostly hunt on the ground.
They are one of the few animals that will attack a porcupine!


(from: wikipedia - fisher (animal))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lion Tailed Macaque

Tuesday, April 12, 2022

Vomeronasal Organ


We just learned about the .

Another part of the nose is the Vomeronasal Organ.

This is back behind the nose and above the mouth, and is where all of the smells end up for your nose to smell.
The vomeronasal organ has some things called "receptors" that can tell when there are different types of chemicals in the air.
When those receptors sense the chemicals, they tell your brain that they are smelling something.


(from: wikipedia - vomeronasal organ)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Malignant Tumor

Monday, April 11, 2022

Cayman Islands


We just learned about the country of Bonaire

Let's learn a little about the country of Cayman Islands!

This country is in the Caribbean, close to Jamaica.
It is about 260 square kilometers, and about 69,000 people live there.
The people in this country speak S.


(from: wikipedia - cayman islands)

The flag of Cayman Islands is blue with the United Kingdom flag in the top left, and then the Cayman Islands coat of arms on the right.
The coat of arms has three green stars for the three islands, wavy blue and white lines for the sea, a gold lion for Britain, a turtle for the sailing, rope and a pineapple for those businesses.
At the bottom are the words He hath founded it upon the seas, which is from the Bible Psalm 24.


(from: wikipedia - flag of the cayman islands)

To eat in this country you might have Callaloo which is a type of spinach.


(from: wikipedia - callaloo)

Visiting this country you might go to Seven Mile Beach.

(from: wikipedia - seven mile beach, grand cayman)

Lots of people go scuba diving in the Cayman Islands, and there is a place called Stingray City that is very shallow water and people can swim around with stingrays.

(from: wikipedia - stingray city, grand cayman)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: San Marino