Sunday, July 24, 2022

Gad


We just learned about the Naphthali.

Another of the twelve tribes of Isreal is Gad.

He was the 7th son of Jacob, and the 1st son of Leah's servant Zilpah.


(from: wikipedia - gad (son of jacob))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing

Saturday, July 23, 2022

Still Life with Earthenware and Bottles


We just learned about Van Gogh's painting Head of a Peasant Woman with a White Cap.

Another of Van Gogh's paintings is Still Life with Earthenware and Bottles, made in Amsterdam in 1884.

This painting is part of a bunch of paintings by Van Gogh called Still Life Paintings.
For a while he lived in the town of Neunen, and made a bunch of paintings of things like bottles, bowls and fruit.
All of these things were not moving, which is why the painting type is called still life.

He tried to do a lot of contrasting to show different colors against each other, like green next to red, and he tried to work on different shades of light showing on the things in his pictures.
While he was in Neunen he also helped to teach some other people how to be painters.


(from: wikipedia - still life paintings by vincent van gogh (netherlands))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Leonardo da Vinci

Friday, July 22, 2022

Hindi - Counting to Thirty Nine


We counted to 29 in Hindi, let's keep going!

31 इकतीस, (ikatees) - sounds like ih-kuh-tee-z - 文A

32 बत्तीस (battees) - sounds like buh-tee-z - 文A

33 तैंतीस, (taintees) - sounds like tay-tee-z - 文A

34 चौंतीस (chauntees) - sounds like chaw-tee-z - 文A

35 पैंतीस (paintees) - sounds like pay-tee-z - 文A

36 छत्तीस (chhattees) - sounds like chuh-tee-z - 文A

37 सैंतीस (saintees) - sounds like say-tee-z - 文A

38 अड़तीस (adatees) - sounds like ah-r-tee-z - 文A

39 उनतालीस (unataalees) - sounds like oo-n-tah-lee-z - 文A


hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: thelathini na moja, thelathini na mbili, thelathini na tatu, thelathini na nne, thelathini na tano, thelathini na sita, thelathini na saba, thelathini na nane, thelathini na tisa

Russian: тридцать (tridtsat'), тридцать один (tridtsat' odin), тридцать два (tridtsat' dva), тридцать три (tridtsat' tri), тридцать четыре (tridtsat' chetyre), тридцать пять (tridtsat' pyat'), тридцать шесть (tridtsat' shest'), тридцать семь (tridtsat' sem'), тридцать восемь (tridtsat' vosem'), тридцать девять (tridtsat' devyat')

Norwegian: tretti, trettien, trettito, tretti tre, trettifire, trettifem, trettiseks, trettisyv, trettiåtte, trettini

Greek: τριάντα (triánta), τριάντα ένα (triánta éna), τριάντα δύο (triánta dýo), τριάντα τρεις (triánta treis), τριάντα τέσσερις (triánta tésseris), τριάντα πέντε (triánta pénte), τριάντα έξι (triánta éxi), τριάντα επτά (triánta eptá), τριάντα οκτώ (triánta októ), τριάντα εννέα (triánta ennéa)

ASL: thirty, thirty one, thirty two, thirty three, thirty four, thirty five, thirty six, thirty seven, thirty eight, thirty nine

Italian: Trenta, trentuno, trentadue, trentatré, trentaquattro, trentacinque, trentasei, trentasette, trentotto, trentanove

German: einunddreißig, zweiunddreißig, dreiunddreißig, vierunddreißig, fünfunddreißig, sechsunddreißig, siebenunddreißig, achtunddreißig, neununddreißig

Spanish: treinta y uno, treinta y dos, treinta y tres, treinta y cuatro, treinta y cinco, treinta y seis, treinta y siete, treinta y ocho, treinta y nueve

French: trente et un, trente-deux, trente-trois, trente-quatre, trente-cinq, trente-six, trente-sept, trente-huit, trente-neuf

Thursday, July 21, 2022

Naphtha


We just learned about the Distillation.

Another part of refining oil is Naphtha.

After some of the things like distillation and desulfurization, the oil is turned into something called naphtha.
This is a flammable liquid that is sometimes sold as fuel like white gas.

In history, the Greek word νάφθα (naphtha) is used in a story of a fiery furnace.
In a book from around 200 BC, there is a story about a thick water used by Nehemiah called Nephthar.

Some mixtures of naphtha have been used to make soap, and also the chemical napalm.


(from: wikipedia - naphtha)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lug Nut

Wednesday, July 20, 2022

Ferret


We just learned about the Yellow Bellied Weasel.

Another kind of animal in the same family is the Ferret, also called the Mustela furo.

These animals grow to be about 20 inches long, and weigh about 4 pounds.
Their fur comes in either black, brown or white.

Just like dogs and cats, these animals are called domesticated meaning they can be kept as pets.
Long ago people kept them as pets to help out with hunting, for other animals like rabbits.

Sometimes when these pets are playing they get excited and jump around in what is called the "weasel war dance".
People think that they did this in the wild to confuse or scare other animals, but as pets they do it when they are having fun.



(from: wikipedia - ferret)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Common Marmoset

Tuesday, July 19, 2022

Proximal Tubule


We just learned about the Bowman's Capsule.

Another part of the nephron of the kidney is the Proximal Tubule.

When the blood is all collected in the Bowman's Capsule, it slowly filters out some of the bad things in the blood which turn into urea to be pushed out of the body later.


(from: wikipedia - proximal tubule)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Earlobe

Monday, July 18, 2022

Brazil


We just learned about the country of Bolivia

Let's learn a little about the country of Brazil!

This country is in South America, and borders all of the countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile.
It is about 8 million square kilometers, and about 217 million people live there.
The people in this country speak Portuguese.


(from: wikipedia - brazil)

The flag of Brazil is green with a yellow diamond in the middle, and a blue circle with a white stripe on it.
Green and yellow are for the old emperor of Brazil, the blue circle with stars is for the starry night sky over Rio de Janeiro on the night of the country's independenc, and the words across the middle of the blue circle say "Ordem e Progresso" which means Order and Progress.


(from: wikipedia - flag of brazil)

To eat in this country you might have feijoda, which is a kind of stew made with beans, beef and pork.


(from: wikipedia - feijoda)

Visiting this country you might go see the 98 foot tall Christ the Redeemer statue, made by artist Paul Landowski in 1931.
It is a status of Jesus with his arms stretched out 92 feet wide, looking over the city of Rio de Janiero.


(from: wikipedia - christ the redeemer (statue))

In the national park called Serra dos Órgãos, there is a rock called Dedo de Deus, which means finger of God.

(from: wikipedia - serra dos orgãos national park)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Maldives

Sunday, July 17, 2022

Naphtali


We just learned about the Dan.

Another of the twelve tribes was Naphtali.

This was the sixth son of Jacob, and the second son that he had with Bilhah who was his wife Rachel's servant.

In the Bible when God takes Moses up on a mountain and shows him all of the land promised to Abraham, one of the lands he talks about is Naphtali.


(from: wikipedia - naphtali)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: How Firm A Foundation

Saturday, July 16, 2022

Head of a Peasant Woman with White Cap


We just learned about the Van Gogh painting called The Potato Eaters.

Another of Van Gogh's paintings is the Head of a Peasant Woman with White Cap, painted in 1885 in the Netherlands.

This was also from his group of paintings called the Peasant Character Studies. One special thing about this painting is that many years later when people used an X-Ray to look through the layers of paint, they found out that Van Gogh had first made a self portrait of himself on the canvas, and then painted over it with the new painting of the Peasant Woman.


(from: wikipedia - peasant character studies (van gogh series))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Statue of Jimmy Carter - Frederick Hart

Friday, July 15, 2022

Hindi - Counting to Twenty Nine


We counted to 20 in Hindi, let's keep going!

21 इक्कीस (ikkees) - sounds like ik-kee-ss 文A

22 बाईस (baees) - sounds like bah-ay-ss 文A

23 तेईस (teees) - sounds like tay-ay-ss 文A

24 चौबीस (chaubees) - sounds like chow-bee-ss 文A

25 पच्चीस, (pachchees) - sounds like buh-chee-ss 文A

26 छब्बीस, (chhabbees) - sounds like chuh-bee-ss 文A

27 सत्ताईस, (sattaees) - sounds like sah-tah-ay-ss 文A

28 अट्ठाईस, (atthaees) - sounds like ah-tah-ee-ss 文A

29 उनतीस (unatees) - sounds like oo-n-tee-ss - 文A


hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: ishirini na moja, ishirini na mbili, ishirini na tatu, ishirini na nne, ishirini na tano, ishirini na sita, ishirini na saba, ishirini na nane, ishirini na tisa

Russian: двадцать один (dvadtsat' odin), двадцать два (dvadtsat' dva), двадцать три (dvadtsat' tri), двадцать четыре (dvadtsat' chetyre), двадцать пять (dvadtsat' pyat'), двадцать шесть (dvadtsat' shest'), двадцать семь (dvadtsat' sem'), двадцать восемь (dvadtsat' vosem'), двадцать девять (dvadtsat' devyat')

Norwegian: tjueen, tjueto, tjue-tre, tjuefire, tjuefem, tjueseks, tjuesju, tjue åtte, tjue ni

Greek: είκοσι ένα (eíkosi éna), είκοσι δύο (eíkosi dýo), είκοσι τρεις (eíkosi treis), είκοσι τέσσερις (eíkosi tésseris), είκοσι πέντε (eíkosi pénte), είκοσι έξι (eíkosi éxi), είκοσι επτά (eíkosi eptá), είκοσι οκτώ (eíkosi októ), είκοσι εννέα (eíkosi ennéa)

ASL: twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twenty-nine

Italian: ventuno, ventidue, ventitré, ventiquattro, venticinque, ventisei, ventisette, ventotto, ventinove

German: einundzwanzig, zweiundzwanzig, dreiundzwanzig, vierundzwanzig, fünfundzwanzig, sechsundzwanzig, siebenundzwanzig, achtundzwanzig, neunundzwanzig

Spanish: veintiún, veintidós, veintitrés, veinticuatro, veinticinco, veintiséis, veintisiete, veintiocho, veintinueve

French: vingt et un, vingt-deux, vingt-trois, vingt-quatre, vingt-cinc, vingt-six, vingt-sept, vingt-huit, vingt-neuf

Thursday, July 14, 2022

Distillation


We just learned about the Desalter.

Another part of the way that oil is cleaned up or refined is called Distillation.

When a liquid is boiled, it turns into a gas called steam.
When the steam cools, it turns back into a liquid, which is called condensation.
The liquid boiling and condensing over and over and being collected in different places is called distillation.


(from: wikipedia - continuous distillation)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Rims

Wednesday, July 13, 2022

Yellow-Bellied Weasel


We just learned about the European Mink.

Another type of animal in the same family is the Yellow-Bellied Weasel.

This animal is about 10 inches long, and weighs about 3 pounds.

They get their name from their bright yellow bellies.
Usually they live up in the mountains in Asia, in small little caves called dens.


(from: wikipedia - yellow-bellied weasel)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Proboscis Monkey

Tuesday, July 12, 2022

Bowman's Capsule


We just learned about the Glomerulus.

Another part of the kidney is Bowman's Capsule.

This is also part of the nephron, just like the renal corpuscle and the glomerulus.
Remember that the glomerulus is the bunch of blood vessels that brings blood to the kidneys to be cleaned.
Bowman's Capsule wraps around the glomerulus, and collects the blood in one spot to be cleaned up.


(from: wikipedia - bowman's capsule)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tragus

Monday, July 11, 2022

Bolivia


We just learned about the country of Argentina

Let's learn a little about the country of Bolivia!

This country is in South America, and borders Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru.
It is about 1 million square kilometers, and about 12 million people live there.
The people in this country speak Spanish.


(from: wikipedia - bolivia)

The flag of Bolivia is red, yellow and green, with the coat of arms in the middle that has a llama and some wheat and some other things.
Red is for the blood of the heroes of Bolivia, yellow is for wealth, and green is for nature.


(from: wikipedia - flag of bolivia)

To eat in this country you might have pique macho, which is beef, with potatoes, onions, peppers, eggs, mustard, mayonnaise and ketchup.

(from: wikipedia - pique macho)

Visiting this country you might go see Salar de Uyuni, which is the largest salt flat in the world, at over 10,000 square kilometers.
A salt flat is a big flat area where the ground is made of hard packed salt.


(from: wikipedia - salar de uyuni)

Sol de Mañana is a place with pools of sulphur, boiling mud lakes, and steam that sprays up to 50 meters high in some places.


(from: wikipedia - sol de mañana)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Laos

Sunday, July 10, 2022

Dan


We just learned about the tribe of Zebulun.

Another of the Twelve Tribes of Israel was Dan.

Dan was the fifth son of Jacob, and his mother was Bilhah who was one of the maids of Rachel.

The most famous person from the tribe of Dan was the strong man Samson from the Bible.


(from: wikipedia - dan (son of jacob))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Jesus Paid it All

Saturday, July 9, 2022

The Potato Eaters


We just learned about Van Gogh's painting of Still Life with Cabbage.

Another famous painting by Van Gogh is called The Potato Eaters made in 1885 in Nuenen, Netherlands.

This painting was part of what people call his "Peasant Character Studies".
During this time Van Gogh made many paintings about people that were poor but worked very hard jobs like farming or sewing.

His painting of the Potato Eaters is of a group of poor people sitting around a small table eating dinner.
He wanted it to look dirty and for the people not to look beautiful because he wanted to show how hard the people worked, and that they weren't rich.


(from: wikipedia - the potato eaters)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Flying Pins - Claes Oldenburg

Thursday, July 7, 2022

Desalter


We just learned about the Oil Refinery.

One part of refining oil is called a Desalter.

When crude oil comes out of the ground it has a bunch of chemicals in it that need to be removed to make it more useful.
Usually oil ends up getting mixed up with water which can have a lot of other things mixed in it like calcium, sodium and magnesium chlorides.
These are all called salts, and aren't the same as the salt you eat but they have to be removed from the oil.

The crude oil gets heated up really hot and then mixed with some fresh water.
It gets pumped into another tank that uses electricity to get the water and salts to go to the bottom of the tank and get separated from the oil.
The desalted oil on top then gets pumped out.


(from: wikipedia - desalter)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cooling Fan

Wednesday, July 6, 2022

European Mink


We just learned about the European Polecat.

Another type of animal in the same family is the European Mink.

This animal is about 15 inches, and weighs about 1.5 pounds.

They are small good little hunters that swim really well and live in small caves.


(from: wikipedia - european mink)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Golden Snub Nosed Monkey

Tuesday, July 5, 2022

Glomerulus


We just learned about the Renal Corpuscle.

Another part of the Kidnys is the Glomerulus.

This is a small bunch of blood vessel capillaries called a tuft that helps push the blood and water through the kidneys to be cleaned up.


(from: wikipedia - glomerulus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Antitragus

Monday, July 4, 2022

Argentina


We just learned about the country of Clipperton Island

Let's learn a little about the country of Argentina!

This country is in South America, and borders Chile, Bolivia, Paragua, Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean.
It is over 2 million square kilometers, and about 47 million people live there.
The people in this country speak Spanish.


(from: wikipedia - argentia)

The flag of Argentina is sideways stripes of blue, white and blue with a yellow sun in the middle.
Many people think the white and blue are for the skies and clouds.
The sun is called the Sun of May and is for the old Incan gods, and for the independence from Spain.


(from: wikipedia - flag of argentina)

To eat in this country you might have asado, which is barbecued meat like beef, pork or chicken.


(from: wikipedia - argentine cuisine)

Visiting this country you might go see the mountain aconcagua that is 6,961 meters high, and is the highest peak outside of Asia.


(from: wikipedia - aconcagua)

There is a large glacier in the southern part of Argentina called Perito Moreno Glacier that people will go walk out on, and sometimes see parts of it break off and fall into the ocean.


(from: wikipedia - perito moreno glacier)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Kyrgyzstan

Sunday, July 3, 2022

Zebulun


We just learned about Issachar.

Another of the twelve tribes is Zebulun.

He was the 10th son of Jacob and Leah, and the last one of the 6 sons that Leah had.


(from: wikipedia - zebulun)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: When I Survey the Wondrous Cross

Saturday, July 2, 2022

Still Life with Cabbage and Clogs - Van Gogh


We just learned about the Vincent Van Gogh.

One of the first paintings from Vincent van Gogh is Still Life with Cabbage and Clogs in the Netherlands in 1881.

When Van Gogh was 28 years old he made one of his first paintings, of some cabbages and wooden shoes called clogs on a table.
Paintings of things that are not moving are called still life.
This was before Van Gogh came up with his own different style that made him famous later on.


(from: wikipedia - early works of vincent van gogh)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Monument to Joe Louis - Robert Graham

Friday, July 1, 2022

Thursday, June 30, 2022

Oil Refinery


We just learned about the Oil Platform.

Another part of how we use oil is an Oil Refinery.

When the oil is pumped out of the oil well in the ground, it needs to be cleaned up and made into something that can be used in engines or to make other things that need oil.
An oil refinery is the place the oil is brought to, and cleaned up in what is called refining.


(from: wikipedia - oil refinery)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Radiator

Wednesday, June 29, 2022

European Polecat


We just learned about the Stoat.

Another animal in the same family is the European Polecat.

This is a small animal about 400 milimeters long, weighing about 1,200 grams.
They have brown and black fur, and usually a white face.

Some people in Europe have been able to keep polecats as pets, and even teach them how to hunt things like rats.
Long ago polecats were hunted a lot for their fur, and there are many made up stories about polecats having powers to paralyze someone with just a bite to the neck!


(from: wikipedia - european polecat)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Red-Shanked Douc

Tuesday, June 28, 2022

Renal Corpuscle


We just learned about the Nephron.

Another part of the kidneys is the Renal Corpuscle.

The word renal has something to do with the kidneys, and the word corpuscle means something to do with cells.
The renal corpuscle works to help clean up the blood by filtering out bad stuff.

The kidneys take in blood from the body, clean it up and send it back around the body, and then any waste gets sent out of the body when you go to the bathroom.


(from: wikipedia - renal corpuscle)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Antihhelix

Monday, June 27, 2022

Clipperton Island


We just learned about the country of Saba

Let's learn a little about the country of Clipperton Island!

This country is in the Pacific Ocean, west of Mexico.
It is about 6 square kilometers, and no one lives there.


(from: wikipedia - clipperton island)

This type of island is a coral atoll, which means it is a circle island with water in the middle called a lagoon.


(from: wikipedia - clipperton island)

Through the years different countries owned the island, like Mexico and Spain, but it was not a very good place to live so everyone left.
These days it is just a place that people sometimes visit to go fishing or scuba diving.
Because no one lives on the island, the wild animals like to visit the island, and some birds that were endangered have found a safe home there.

(from: wikipedia - clipperton island)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Kuwait

Sunday, June 26, 2022

Issachar


We've now learned about Reuben, Simeon, Ephraim, and Judah.
from the Twelve Tribes of Israel.

Another of the twelve was Issachar.

Issachar was the fifth son of Leah, and the ninth son of Jacob.


(from: wikipedia - issachar)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Blessed Assurance

Saturday, June 25, 2022

Vincent van Gogh


We just learned about Michelangelo's sculpture of The Deposition and a lot of other works of art by Michelangelo.

Another of the most famous artists in the world was Vincent van Gogh.

He was born in the Netherlands in 1853 and grew up going to a few different schools where he was not a very happy kid.
Later on he got a job helping to make and sell artwork, and that made him much happier.

Through his life he started making paintings in the impressionist style, and then later on he made his own special style.

Sadly Van Gogh was not very famous while he was alive.
He started to get a little famous right before he died, and then about 10 years after he was gone some people found out what a genius he was and since then he has become one of the most famous artists of all time.

A lot of artists are famous for making a few dozen paintings, or even a few hudred.
Van Gogh made over 2,000 works of art, and some of his most famous paintings have sold for over 100 million dollars.

Even though Van Gogh only lived to be 37 years old and didn't have much time to become a master, he is thought to be one of the best artists of all time.


(from: wikipedia - vincent van gogh)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Truncated Pyramid Room - Bruce Nauman

Friday, June 24, 2022

Hindi - November, December


Let's keep learning about the months of the year in Hindi!

We already learned that January, February is जनवरी (janavaree), फरवरी (pharavaree)
March, April is मार्च (maarch), अप्रैल (aprail), May, June is मई (maee), जून (joon), July, August is जुलाई (julaee), अगस्त (agast), and September, October is सितंबर (sitambar), अक्टूबर (aktoobar)

Let's keep going!

November - नवम्बर (navambar) - sounds like nah-vah-m-bah-r - 文A

December - दिसम्बर (disambar) - sounds like dis-ah-m-bah-r - 文A


hindi devanagari
(from: wikipedia - devanagari)

Swahili: Novemba, Desemba

Russian: ноябрь (noyabr'), декабрь (dekabr')

Norwegian: November, December

Greek: Νοέμβριος (Noémvrios), Δεκέμβριος (Dekémvrios)

ASL: November, December

Italian: Novembre, Dicembre

German: November, Dezember

Spanish: Noviembre, Diciembre

French: Novembre, Décembre

Thursday, June 23, 2022

Oil Platform


We just learned about the Drilling Rig.

Another way to drill for oil is an Oil Platform or Offshore Platform.

This is a big building out in the water that has drills going down into the water to the ocean floor.
The drill digs down below the ocean floor to drill for oil and then bring it back up to the oil platform.

Some oil platforms have big metal posts holding them still in the water, and some are just floating on top of the water.




(from: wikipedia - oil platform)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Car Battery

Wednesday, June 22, 2022

Stoat


We just learned about the Giant Otter.

Another kind of animal in the same family is the Stoat, also called the short-tailed weasel, or mustela erminea.

This animal is small, and grows to about 300 milimeteres and weighs about 250 grams.

In some of the colder northern areas, the stoats will change from brown fur coats in the summer to white coats in the winter.

In many countries there are legends about stoats being spirit animals, lucky animals, or poisonous.



(from: wikipedia - stoat)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Maroon Leaf Monkey