Friday, August 31, 2018

Greek - Counting to Eighty Nine

We counted to 79 in Greek, let's keep going!

80 ογδόντα (ogdónta) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah
81 ογδόντα ένα (ogdónta éna) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah AY-nah
82 ογδόντα δύο (ogdónta dýo) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah DEE-y-oh
83 ογδόντα τρεις (ogdónta treis) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah t-day-ss
84 ογδόντα τέσσερις (ogdónta tésseris) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah TAY-say-dee-ss
85 ογδόντα πέντε (ogdónta pénte) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah PAY-n-tay
86 ογδόντα έξι (ogdónta éxi) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah AY-k-see
87 ογδόντα επτά (ogdónta eptá) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah ay-p-TAH
88 ογδόντα οκτώ (ogdónta októ) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah oh-k-TOH
89 ογδόντα εννέα (ogdónta ennéa) - sounds like oh-g-DOH-n-tah eh-NEE-y-ah

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: eighty, eighty one, eighty two, eighty three, eighty four, eighty five, eighty six, eighty seven, eighty eight, eighty nine

Italian: ottanta, unottanta, ottantadue, ottantatre, ottantaquattro, ottantacinque, ottantasei, ottantasette, ottantotto, ottantanove

German: achtzig, einundachtzig, zweiundachtzig, dreiundachtzig, vierundachtzig, fünfundachtzig, sechsundachtzig, siebenundachtzig, achtundachtzig, neunundachtzig

Spanish: ochenta, ochenta y uno, ochenta y dos, ochenta y tres, ochenta y cuatro, ochenta y cinco, ochenta y seis, ochenta y siete, ochenta y ocho, ochenta y nueve

French: quatre-vingts, quatre-vingts-un, quatre vingt deux, quatre vingt trois, quatre vingt quatre, quatre vingt cinq, quatre vingt six, quatre vingt sept, quatre vingt huit, quatre vingt neuf

Thursday, August 30, 2018

Reaction Control System

We just learned about Attitude Control.

We've learned about a lot of different sensors to help the rocket control it's attitude.
And we've learned about things like gimbaled thrust that can help change it's path.

Another way a rocket can change it's direction is by using a Reaction Control System, or RCS for short.

These are usually small rocket engine thrusters on the sides or front of the rocket, that can give little pushes left, right, front or back to help steer the rocket.

(from: wikipedia - reaction control system)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Strike Slip Fault

Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Pharaoh Cuttlefish

We just learned about the Humboldt Squid.

Another type of cephalopod is the Pharaoh Cuttlefish.

Sometimes the boys of these cephalopods will fight each other over a girl they like, but they won't touch each other, they just flash different patterns of colors.

It's almost like boys having a dance battle to win the girl cephalopod's heart!

(from: wikipedia - pharaoh cuttlefish)

Pharaoh Cuttlefish - Henry Hall

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Vietnamese Mossy Frog

Tuesday, August 28, 2018

Tooth Impaction

We just learned about Dental Notation - Palmer.

We learned before that sometimes teeth don't show up in the right places.
When a tooth doesn't show up in the right place it is called an Impacted Tooth.

The tooth that gets impacted the most is the wisdom tooth.
Most of the time when a tooth is impacted it's because there wasn't enough room in the mouth for the tooth to come up, so it gets pushed off to the side or below, and can come out of the gums at the wrong place.

(from: wikipedia - tooth impaction)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Sharpey's Fibres

Monday, August 27, 2018

Buda Castle

We just learned about Himeji Castle in Japan.

Another ancient castle is Buda Castle, built in 1265 in Budapest, Hungary.

This is a big castle that has been the home of the kings of Hungary, and has been built and added onto for over 400 years.
There are many towers, cellars, chambers, museums, caves and famous works of art in this castle.

The castle area is over 1.8 square miles!

(from: wikipedia - buda castle)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mexico States

Sunday, August 26, 2018

Linus - bishop of Rome

We just learned about Asyncritus - Bishop of Hyrcania, one of the seventy disciples.

A few more of the seventy were listed that we don't know much about:

Phlegon - bishop of Marathon
Hermes - bishop of Dalmatia
Patrobulus - bishop of Puteoli
Hermas - bishop of Philippi

One of the ones we know a little more about is Linus - bishop of Rome.

The apostle Peter was known as the first leader of the Christian church after Jesus' death.
Linus took over after Peter, and Linus was known as the first Pope.

(from: wikipedia - pope linus)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Anthony the Great

Saturday, August 25, 2018

He Zun

We just learned about the Phoenix Crown of Empress Xiadouanxian.

Another ancient Chinese sculpture is the He Zun.

This is a bronze sculpture made around 800 BC, and is the oldest ancient Chinese sculpture with the words "Middle Kingdom" or "Zhong Guo" meaning "China" on it.
It is a "Zun" sculpture, which is a kind of vase used to hold wine for pouring.

The sculpture is 15 inches tall, and weighs about 30 pounds.
There is writing on the inside in Chinese that talks about how the city of Louyang was built in China.

The He Zun was found by a local farmer who did not know what it was, so he sold it to a waste recycling center where someone would have melted the sculpture down for the bronze metal.

Luckily a historian saw it and rescued it, and then cleaned it up and put it in a museum.

(from: wikipedia - he zun)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Neptune - Coysvox

Friday, August 24, 2018

Greek - Counting to Seventy Nine

We counted to 69 in Greek, let's keep going!

70 εβδομήντα (evdomínta) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah
71 εβδομήντα ένα (evdomínta éna) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah AY-nah
72 εβδομήντα δύο (evdomínta dýo) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah DEE-y-oh
73 εβδομήντα τρεις (evdomínta treis) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah t-day-ss
74 εβδομήντα τέσσερις (evdomínta tésseris) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah TAY-say-dee-ss
75 εβδομήντα πέντε (evdomínta pénte) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah PAY-n-tay
76 εβδομήντα έξι (evdomínta éxi) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah AY-k-see
77 εβδομήντα επτά (evdomínta eptá) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah ay-p-TAH
78 εβδομήντα οκτώ (evdomínta októ) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah oh-k-TOH
79 εβδομήντα εννέα (evdomínta ennéa) - sounds like ay-doh-ME-n-tah eh-NEE-y-ah

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: seventy, seventy one, seventy two, seventy three, seventy four, seventy five, seventy six, seventy seven, seventy eight, seventy nine

Italian: settanta, settantuno, settantadue, settantatre, settantaquattro, settantacinque, settantasei, settantasette, settantotto, settantanove

German: siebzig, einundsiebzig, zweiundsiebzig, dreiundsiebzig, vierundsiebzig, fünfundsiebzig, sechsundsiebzig, siebenundsiebzig, achtundsiebzig, neunundsiebzig

Spanish: setenta, setenta y uno, setenta y dos, setenta y tres, setenta y cuatro, setenta y cinco, setenta y seis, setenta y siete, setenta y ocho, setenta y nueve

French: soixante-dix, soixante et onze, soixante-douze, soixante-treize, soixante-quatorze, soixante-quinze, soixante-seize, soixante dix sept, soixante dix huit, soixante dix neuf

Thursday, August 23, 2018

Attitude Control

We just learned about the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU).

A lot of the sensors we've been talking about are all part of Attitude Control.

This means controlling where the rocket is and which way it is pointing.
The attitude of the rocket is where the rocket is moving, whether it's up, down, left, right, forward back.

(from: wikipedia - attitude control)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Fault

Wednesday, August 22, 2018

Humboldt Squid

We just learned about the Southern Sand Octopus.

Another type of cephalopod is the Humboldt Squid, also known as the jumbo squid, jumbo flying squid, pota, or diablo rojo (red devil).

These squid can gro from 5 feet to 8 feet long, they live in the Pacific Ocean, and usually live around 1,000 feet under the water.
Just like some other cephalopods, they can change colors from white to red, which is where they get the nickname "red devil".
Sometimes these squids will talk to other nearby squids by flashing different colors!

This squid is a hunter, and when it is hunting other small fish it uses all of its 8 arms and 2 tentacles to reach out and grab the smaller fish or other animals it is hunting, then pull them into its mouth where it has a sharp beak used to cut up and eat the animals.
They are super fast hunters and can swim up to 15 miles per hour!

Some people have been attacked by this type of squid, but scientists think that only happens when the squid are feeding on other prey and are hunting.
When these squid get angry they have even attacked and broken deep sea cameras sent down to look at nature.

(from: wikipedia - humboldt squid)

Swimming With a Humboldt Squid | Deadly 60 | BBC Earth - BBC Earth

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Banded Bullfrog

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Dental Notation - Palmer

We just learned about Dental Notation - ISO.

Another type of Dental Notation is Palmer Notation.

This uses the same idea where the number starts at the front and goes backward, but it also uses a little L shaped or corner shaped symbol (┘└ ┐┌) to show which part of the mouth the tooth is in.

So if a dentist wants to talk about the 4th tooth in the upper right part of the mouth, they would use 4┘

(from: wikipedia - palmer notation)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Ligament

Monday, August 20, 2018

Himeji Castle

We just learned about the Citadel of Aleppo.

Another famous castle is Himeji Castle in Japan, built around 1300 AD.

It is the largest castle in Japan, and because of its white color is sometimes called the "White Egret Castle" or "White Heron Castle" because it looks like a bird flying away.

The castle is over 5,000 feet long, and the area around the castle takes up over 500 acres.
Inside the castle area, the main building has 6 floors and a basement. It looks like 5 floors because from outside the top two look like the same floor.
The floors go from big at the bottom, over 5,000 square feet to small at the top, only about 1,000 square feet.

On the first floor there are over 300 tatami mats, which are special made floor spaces, and lots of weapons.
Each wall has weapon racks for holding spears and guns, and once had about 280 guns and 90 spears.

There are arrow slits through all the floors to shoot arrows at attackers, and the upper floors had places that people could come out and throw things at attackers below.
Outside there are three moats, and a big maze of pathways that go around and around the castle, up hills and in small spaces.
This was to make it so even if an army did attack, the castle would see them coming a long way out and be able to stop them with the moats.

(from: wikipedia - himeji castle)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Yukon

Sunday, August 19, 2018

Asyncritus - bishop of Hyrcania

We just learned about the Rufus - bishop of Thebes, one of the seventy disciples

Another of the seventy was Asyncritus - bishop of Hyrcania.

Just like Rufus, Asyncritus was one of the people that Paul talked about when he wrote a letter to the people of Rome.

Asyncritus went on to the land of Hyrcania, which later became part of the country of Iran.

(from: wikipedia - asyncritus of hyrcania)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Paul of Thebes

Saturday, August 18, 2018

Phoenix crown of Empress Xiaoduanxian

We just learned about the Shi Qiang Pan.

Another ancient Chinese work of art is the Phoenix crown of Empress Xiaoduanxian, made around 1500 AD in China.

In ancient times in China, queens brides and noble women would wear a special crown called Fengguan which means "phoenix crown".
The name comes from the phoenix decoration on the crown, made from feathers of the kingfisher bird.
There are also golden dragons, bearded pheasants, pearls and other gems.
Each crown was different and some would have more dragons or jewels based on how important the person was.

One of the fanciest phoenix crowns was from the Ming Empress Xiaoduanxian with 6 dragons, 3 phoenixes, 5,449 pearls, 71 rubies and 57 sapphires.
This kind of crown would weigh about five pounds.

(from: wikipedia - wang xijie)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: St. Cecilia - Stefano Maderno

Friday, August 17, 2018

Greek - Couting to Sixty Nine

We counted to 59 in Greek, let's keep going!

60 εξήντα (exínta) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah
61 εξήντα ένα (exínta éna) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah AY-nah
62 εξήντα δύο (exínta dýo) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah DEE-y-oh
63 εξήντα τρεις (exínta treis) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah t-day-ss
64 εξήντα τέσσερις (exínta tésseris) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah TAY-say-dee-ss
65 εξήντα πέντε (exínta pénte) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah PAY-n-tay
66 εξήντα έξι (exínta éxi) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah AY-k-see
67 εξήντα επτά (exínta eptá) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah ay-p-TAH
68 εξήντα οκτώ (exínta októ) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah oh-k-TOH
69 εξήντα εννέα (exínta ennéa) - sounds like ay-ks-EEN-tah eh-NEE-y-ah

center for the greek language
(from: wikipedia - center for the greek language)

ASL: fifty, fifty one, fifty two, fifty three, fifty four, fifty five, fifty six, fifty seven, fifty eight, fifty nine

Italian: sessanta, sessantuno, sessantadue, sessantatre, sessantaquattro, sessantacinque, sessantasei, sessantasette, sessantotto, sessantanove

German: sechzig, einundsechzig, zweiundsechzig, dreiundsechzig, vierundsechzig, fünfundsechzig, sechsundsechzig, siebenundsechzig, achtundsechzig, neunundsechzig

Spanish: sesenta, sesenta y uno, sesenta y dos, sesenta y tres, sesenta y cuatro, sesenta y cinco, sesenta y seis, sesenta y siete, sesenta y ocho, sesenta y nueve

French: soixante, soixante et un, soixante-deux, soixante-trois, soixante-quatre, soixante-cinq, soixante-six, soixante-sept, soixante-huit, soixante-neuf