Showing posts with label North America. Show all posts
Showing posts with label North America. Show all posts

Monday, June 12, 2017

British Columbia


We just learned about the Quebec.

Another of the provinces in Canada is British Columbia.

This province is on the west coast of Canada, right above the state of Seattle.
Sometimes it is just called BC.


(from: wikipedia - british columbia)

The province flag has a higher part that is just like the Britain's Union flag, but with a crown in the middle.
The lower part has wavy blue and white lines which are because BC is between the Pacific ocean and the Rocky mountains.
There is a sun with rays on the bottom half of the flag, and this is because the sun sets in the west, and BC is the province farthest to the west.


(from: wikipedia - british columbia)

The coat of arms of BC is the Queen's royal crest on it, and a shield that looks like the province flag.
There is an elk on one side and a sheep on the other.
The motto of BC is "Splendor Sine Occasu" which is Latin and means the sun will never set on the British Empire.


(from: wikipedia - british columbia)

The largest city in BC is Vancouver. It is right on the water on the west coast.

(from: wikipedia - vancouver)

Vancouver Island is the largest island on the west coast of North America.


(from: wikipedia - vancouver island)

The Rocky Mountains go through BC, and there are beautiful places like Banff National Park.


(from: wikipedia - banff national park)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Cho Oyu

Monday, June 5, 2017

Quebec


We just learned about the Ontario.

Quebec is in the Northeast part of Canada, east of Ontario, and north of New York.
It is the second most populated province in Canada, and it was originally settled by people from France, so in this Province they speak both French and English.


(from: wikipedia - quebec)

The flag of Quebec has a blue background, a white cross, and four white fluers-de-lis, which is French for white flowers.
This flower picture was on the French royal flags, so the Quebec flag is to honor their French history.

(from: wikipedia - flag of quebec)

The coat of arms for Quebec are a crown above a shield with three parts.
The top is the fluers-de-lis for France, the middle is a lion for England, and the bottom is three green maple leaves for Canada.

(from: wikipedia - coat of arms of quebec)

Lake Ontario is part of the five Great Lakes, and it is connected to a water way called the Saint Lawrence Seaway that eventually makes its way out to the ocean.


(from: wikipedia - saint lawrence seaway)

Montreal is the largest city in Quebec, and it has a very old cathedral built in the late 1800s, called Notre-Dame Basilica

(from: wikipedia - notre-dame basilica (montreal))

The official bird of Quebec is the Snowy owl

(from: wikipedia - snowy owl)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Makalu

Monday, May 29, 2017

Ontario


Let's learn more about the Canadian Provinces.

The province of Ontario has more people living there than any other province. About 1/3 of all the people in Canada live in southeast Ontario.
This province also has the nation's capital of Ottowa, and the nation's most populated city of Toronto.
Ontario has a border along the US of about 1,678 miles.
Almost all of that border is made up of rivers or lakes, and only less than one mile is actually connected by land.

Ontario is in east-central Canada, right above Michigan.
To the north are Hudson Bay and James Bay, and to the south it borders four of the five Great Lakes, Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario.


(from: wikipedia - ontario)

The flag of Ontario is red, with the flag of the United Kingdom and the state shield on it.
Just like the USA, Canada was once a part of the United Kingdom.

(from: wikipedia - flag of ontario)

The coat of arms of Ontario has a black bear standing on an armored helmet which is above a red and white cross flag which is the flag of England.
Below the flag is a green shield with three golden maple leafs on it.
On the left is a Moose, and on the right is a deer. These are animals that live in Canada.
Below the animals are the Latin words "Ut incepit Fidelis sic permanet" which means "Loyal she began, loyal she remains"
This means that the people of Ontario were loyal to England, even after the American Revolution.

(from: wikipedia - coat of arms of ontario)

Niagara Falls is shared between the state of New York and the province of Ontario.

(from: wikipedia - niagara falls)

The largest nuclear power plant in the world is in Ontario, at a place called Bruce Nuclear Generating Station.

(from: wikipedia - bruce nuclear generating station)

The largest city in all of Canada is Toronto.
There are many things to see there, like the CN tower.

(from: wikipedia - toronto)

Ottawa, the capital city of Canada is in Ontario.
It is where the prime minister and parliament work for the government.

(from: wikipedia - ottawa)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lhotse

Monday, May 22, 2017

Canadian Provinces


We've learned about the mountains of North America.

Let's move on and talk a little about the Provinces and Territories in the country of Canada.

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories.

The ten provinces are: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.

The three territories are: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon

There is not much of a difference between provinces and territories, mostly just in how things work in the government.


(from: wikipedia - provinces and territories of canada)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Kangchenjunga

Monday, May 15, 2017

Southern Appalachian Mountains


We just learned about the Central Appalachian Mountains.

Another part of that mountain chain is the Southern Appalachian Mountains.

These mountains go through New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama.

This includes the Catskill Mountains, Poconos, Allegheny Plateau and the Cumberland Plateau.


(from: wikipedia - laurentian mountains)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: K2

Monday, May 8, 2017

Central Appalachain Mountains


We just learned about the Northern Appalachian Mountains.

Another part of the Appalachian Mountain area is the Central Appalachian Mountains,
which go through Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, New York and New Jersey.
In this area are some large valleys, plateaus, the Taconic Mountains and the Blue Ridge mountains.


(from: wikipedia - blue ridge mountains)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Mount Everest

Monday, May 1, 2017

Northern Appalachian Mountains


We just learned about the Ozarks.

Another group of mountains is the Northern Appalachian Mountains.

These are the mountain ranges on the Eastern part of Canada's Newfoundland, Labrador, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, then going into the United States through Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut.


(from: wikipedia - long range mountains)

In the Harry Potter books and movies, they talk about the "Ilvermorny" school for magic in the United States that is supposed to be hidden on Mount Greylock in Massachusetts.

(from: wikipedia - mount greylock)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Vanern

Monday, April 24, 2017

Ozarks


We just learned about the U.S. Interior Highlands.

Part of the U.S. Interior Highlands is the Ozarks.
The name Ozarks comes from the French word "Aux" meaning "Of" and either the state name Arkansas, or the river arc nearby.
So it was either Aux-Arkansas, or Aux-arc, which got changed to Ozarks.
Because it was so long ago, nobody is really sure where it came from.

One fun part of the Ozarks mountains is a place called the Devil's Honeycomb, part of Hughes Mountain.
There are rocks there that stick up like columns or posts all over the place, and it almost looks like a bees honeycomb.

These mountains go through Arkansas, MIssouri and Oklahoma.
(from: wikipedia - ozarks)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Urmia

Monday, April 17, 2017

U.S. Interior Highlands


We just learned about the Sierra Madre Oriental.

Another group of mountain ranges is the U.S. Interior Highlands.

Just like the North American Cordillera goes along the west coast of the U.S., the Interior Highlands is the group of mountains in the middle part of the U.S., between the east and west coasts.

These mountain ranges go through the U.S. states of Arkansas, Missouri and Oklahoma.


(from: wikipedia - u.s. interior highlands)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Issyk Kul

Monday, April 10, 2017

Sierra Madre Oriental


We just learned about the Rocky Mountains.

Another group of mountains in the Laramide Belt of the North American Cordillera is the Sierra Madre Oriental.

These mountains go from the south part of Texas, and down the east coast of Mexico.
They are on the other side of Mexico, where the Sierra Madre Occidental is on the west side.
These mountains are drier than the rainforest areas south of the mountain ranges.


(from: wikipedia - sierra madre oriental)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Reindeer Lake

Monday, April 3, 2017

Rocky Mountains


We just learned about the Brooks Range.

Another group of mountains in the Laramide Belt in the North American Cordillera is the Rocky Mountains.

The "Rockies" are a group of mountains that go all the way from the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Alberta, through the US states of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico.

The name of the rockies comes from the Native American name, meaning "when seen from across the prairies they looked like a rocky mass".

There are many famous mountain areas in the Rockies, like the Valley of the Ten Peaks in Banff National Park in Alberta Canada.

(from: wikipedia - bannf national park)

The Grand Tetons in Wyoming

(from: wikipedia - rocky mountains)

The Flatirons in Colorado, where the flatiron type mountains make a triangular steep shape.

(from: wikipedia - flatirons)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Turkana

Monday, March 27, 2017

Brooks Range


We just learned about the Laramide Belt.

One mountain range in the Laramide Belt is the Brooks Range in Alaska and Canada.

This mountain range has a mine called the "Red Dog Mine", which is the largest Zinc mine in the world.

(from: wikipedia - brooks range)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Taymyr

Monday, March 20, 2017

Laramide Belt


We just learned about the Interior System of Canada, part of the Nevadan Belt.

Another mountain belt is the Laramide Belt.
We've learned about the Pacific Coast Belt which is on the west coast of North America, and the Nevadan Belt which is east of that.
If we look further east of the Nevadan Belt, the mountains there are called the Laramide Belt, going from Alaska, through Canada, the lower US states and Mexico.

The belt is named after the Laramie Mountains in Wyoming, which were named after an explorer named Jacques La Ramee who disappeared in those mountains in 1820.

(from: wikipedia - laramie mountains)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Athabasca

Monday, March 13, 2017

Interior System of Canada


We just learned about the Nevadan Belt.

One part of the Nevadan Belt is the Interior System of Canada.

These mountains are in the provinces of British Columbia and Yukon in Canada.
There are thousands of mountain peaks in this area, and the area is mostly empty.
Many of the peaks are covered in snow and glaciers, and some have volcanoes.

One special area is the Tuya Range, where a bunch of old volcanoes called Tuyas are found.
Tuyas are flat topped volcanoes, that mostly were formed when volcanoes erupted inside of glaciers.


(from: wikipedia - tuya)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Nicaragua

Monday, March 6, 2017

Nevadan Belt


We just learned about the Sierra Madre Occidental.

We've learned about a lot of mountains in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera.
Another belt in the North American Cordillera is the Nevadan Belt.
This is a belt that are East of the Pacific Coast Belt.

Nevada is a word that means "Snow Covered".
These Mountains go through parts of Canada, The United States, and Mexico.


(from: wikipedia - sierra nevada (u.s.))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Titicaca

Monday, February 27, 2017

Sierra Madre Occidental


We just learned about the Peninsular Ranges.

Another group of mountains in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera is the Sierra Madre Occidental in Mexico.

The name means western mother mountains.
This range has some very deep gorges like the Copper Canyon, and some very high waterfalls like the Basaseachic falls.


(from: wikipedia - sierra madre occidental)


(from: wikipedia - copper canyon)


(from: wikipedia - basaseachic falls)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Onega

Monday, February 20, 2017

Peninsular Ranges


We just learned about the Transverse Ranges.

Another bunch of mountain ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera are the Peninsular Ranges in Southern California and Mexico.

There are 12 mountain ranges that are part of this group of ranges: Santa Ana Mountains, Chino Hills, San Jacinto Mountains, Palomar Mountain Range, Laguna Mountains, Sierra Juarez, Sierra San Pedro Martir, Sierra de San Borja, Sierra de San Francisco, Sierra de Guadalupe, Sierra de la Giganta and Sierra de la Laguna

The Palomar Mountains have the Palomar Observatory, which has some of the most powerful telescopes in the world.

(from: wikipedia - palomar mountain)

The Sierra San Pedro Martir mountains have the Nationl Astronomical Observatory in Mexico, another place with very large telescopes.

(from: wikipedia - national astronomical observatory)

Some of the mountain ranges in Northern Mexico have prehistoric cave paintings from over 2000 years ago.

(from: wikipedia - sierra de guadalupe cave paintings)

Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Vostok

Monday, February 13, 2017

Transverse Ranges


We just learned about the Central California Coast Ranges.

Another group of mountain ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera is the Transverse Ranges.

These ranges are different, because they go east to west, instead of north to south like the other ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt.

They were created by the San Andreas Fault, which is where parts of the earth way underground ran are pushing against each other, and forced the ground above to go up, creating the mountains.

They are a very popular place to live, as the city of Los Angeles is right by the San Monica Mountains. The famous "Hollywood" sign is in Mount Lee in that mountain range.


(from: wikipedia - hollywood sign)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Balkhash

Monday, February 6, 2017

Central California Coast Ranges


We just learned about the Northern Coast Ranges in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera.

Another group of mountain ranges in this belt is the Central California Coast Ranges.

The mountains ranges in this group are the Santa Cruz Mountains, Diablo Range, Gabilan Range, Santa Lucia Range, Temblor Range and Caliente Range.

The Santa Lucia Range is the highest coastal mountain in the lower 48 US states, and has a house called "Hearst's Castle" and also a Zen Mountain center where people go to relax.


(from: wikipedia - santa lucia range)


(from: wikipedia - hearst castle)


(from: wikipedia - tassajara zen mountain center)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Ladoga

Monday, January 30, 2017

Northern Coast Ranges


We just learned about the Klamath-Siskyou Mountains.

Another group of mountains in the Pacific Coast Belt of the North American Cordillera are the Northern Coast Ranges in California.

This range has the King Range, Mendocino Range, Klamath Mountains, Mayacamas Mountains and Marin Hills.

These ranges have many different types of plants and animals, and some of them are endangered so the wildlife in this area is protected.

(from: wikipedia - king range (california))


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Lake Ontario