Showing posts with label Sculpture. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Sculpture. Show all posts

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Shrine of the Three Kings


We just learned about the Brunswick Lion.

Another Romanesque art sculpture is the Shrine of the Three Kings.

These are three golden sarcophagi, which are boxes for holding people's bodies after they have died.

The three people whose bodies are in the boxes are said to be Three Wise Men or Three Kings from the Bible that brought gifts to Jesus.

They are made of wood, then covered with gold and silver, and over 1,000 jewels and beads, and even some cameos.

The golden outside has 74 sculpted pictures of apostles, prophets, and stories from the Bible.


(from: wikipedia - shrine of the three kings)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Tatlin's Tower

Saturday, December 3, 2016

Brunswick Lion


We just learned about the Muiredach's High Cross.

Another famous sculpture is the Brunswick Lion, made in the year 1166 in Brunswick Germany.

The statue was made for the Duke Henry the Lion who lived at Dankwarderode castle.

It weighs almost 2,000 lbs, is almost 6 feet tall and is over 9 feet long.
The statue is a hollow bronze sculpture, and was the first large hollow casting like that in a very long time.

There is an old folk tale about the Duke Henry the Lion, saying that he went on a trip and saw a lion battling a dragon.
He helped the lion and together they killed the dragon.
So the lion became his friend, and came home with him.


(from: wikipedia - brunswick lion)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge - Lissitzky

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Muiredach's High Cross


We just learned about the Aberlemno Sculptured Stones.

Another ancient sculpture is the Muiredach's High Cross in County Louth, Ireland.

This is 19 foot tall sandstone cross, with many carvings on it of biblical scenes like David and Goliath or Moses.

It was made to honor either an old king or monk named Muiredach.


(from: wikipedia - muiredach's high cross)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Black Square - Malevich

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Aberlemno Sculptured Stones


We just learned about the Stenkvista Runestone.

Another ancient sculpture is the group of sculptured stones in Scotland, called the Aberlemno Sculptured Stones.

This is a group of 5 stones, all carved hundreds of years ago and placed as markers in important areas.


(from: wikipedia - aberlemno sculptured stones)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dynamic Hieroglyph of the Bal Tabarin - Severini

Saturday, November 12, 2016

Stenkvista Runestone


We just learned about the Gero Cross.

Another ancient sculpture from the same time, was the Stenkvista Runestone.

This was made in Sweden, where was a large stone carved near a grave to honor someone who had passed.
In the northern countries of Europe, they believed in the mythical Norse gods like Thor.

On the rune stone, you can see what looks like an upside down capital letter T.
That is Thor's hammer Mjölnir.

The words carved in the stone are in old letters called runes, and the words mean:
Helgi and Freygeirr and Þorgautr raised the rune-decorated landmark in memory of Þjóðmundr, their father.


(from: wikipedia - stenkvista runestone)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The City Rises - Boccioni

Saturday, November 5, 2016

Gero Cross


We just learned about the Golden Madonna of Essen.

Another ancient sculpture is the Gero Cross, carved around 965 AD.

This crucifix is over six feet tall, and is made out of oak wood, painted, and gilded with some gems.
The oval and sun rays behind the crucifix were added about 700 years later.

It is different from other sculptures of the time, because other crucifixes showed Christ alive with his eyes open looking out.
This crucifix shows him after he died on the cross, looking sad.
Many other crucifixes made after this one copied the same style.


(from: wikipedia - gero cross)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash - Balla

Saturday, October 29, 2016

Golden Madonna of Essen


We just learned about the Archangel Ivory.

Another ancient statue is the Golden Madonna of Essen.

This is a statue of the Virgin Mary holding the baby Jesus.
The Virgin Mary is sometimes called the Madonna.

It has a wooden sculpture inside, and is wrapped in gold leaf, which is thin sheets of gold.
The eyes are made from a type of colored glass.

It was made around the year 980, so it is over 2,000 years old.
It is the oldest known sculpture of the the Madonna.


(from: wikipedia - golden madonna of essen)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Le Bal élégant, La Danse à la campagne - Laurencin

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Archangel Ivory


We just learned about the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus.

Another famous sculpture is the Archangel Ivory.

This is a carving in ivory of a powerful angel called an archangel holding a scepter, which is like a staff that rulers use, and an imperial orb, which is a ball with a cross on top.

This carving is the right half of something called a diptych, which is almost like the front and back covers of a book that opens, and the carving is on the inside.

Some people think the other half of the diptych was a carving of the emperor, and the archangel was giving him those gifts.


(from: wikipedia - archangel ivory)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Personnage Écrivant - Marcoussis

Saturday, October 15, 2016

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus


We just learned about the Portrait of the Four Tetrarchs.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus.

A sarcophagus is a large decorated coffin.
This sculpture shows many different stories from the bible, because Junius Bassus became a Christian before he died.
There are sculptures of Adam and Eve, Daniel in the Lion's Den, the Trial of Jesus, Moses with the ten commandments, and many more.


(from: wikipedia - sarcophagus of junius bassus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Woman with a Fan - Metzinger

Saturday, October 8, 2016

Portrait of the Four Tetrarchs


We just learned about the Great Cameo of France.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is the Portrait of the Four Tetrarchs.

Around 300 AD, the Roman empire was ruled by four emperors.
Two senior emperors that were called Augusti, and two junior ones that were called Caesars.

This sculpture was made to show that the emperors were all working together.


(from: wikipedia - portrait of the four tetrarchs)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Portrait of Jacques Nayral - Gleizes

Saturday, October 1, 2016

Great Cameo of France


We just learned about the Gonzaga Cameo.

Another Great Cameo of France.

10 12 This is another cameo carving of a sardonyx stone.
It is 10 inches by 12 inches, and has three different layers of people.

It is twenty four different people in the sculpture, and it is a picture of famous Roman people.


(from: wikipedia - great cameo of france)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Simultaneous Windows on the City - Delaunay

Saturday, September 24, 2016

Gonzaga Cameo


We just learned about the Gemma Augustea.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is the Gonzaga Cameo.

Just like the Gemma Augustea, this is a cameo that is made from carving a stone.
This stone was called sardonyx, and is carved into a male and female person.

No one knows who the people were supposed to be when they were carved, but many people think they were supposed to be Zeus and Hera.


(from: wikipedia - gonzaga cameo)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Woman in Blue - Leger

Saturday, September 17, 2016

Gemma Augustea


We just learned about the sculpture the Campana Reliefs.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is the Gemma Augustea.

This is a sculpture made out of a type of gem stone called Arabian onyx.
This type of stone has both black and white colors in it, and the gem was cut until there was white on top and black in the background.
When a stone is carved like this it is called a Cameo.

The sculptor then carved out a picture of Ceasar Augustus, surrounded by mythical Roman gods on the top row, and a bunch of workers putting up a trophy on the bottom row.

The artist was Dioscurides, who was a famous gem cutting sculptor for Caesar Augustus thousands of years ago.


(from: wikipedia - gemma augustea)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Fruit Dish on Checkered Tablecloth - Gris

Saturday, September 10, 2016

Campana Reliefs


We just learned about the Arch of Constantine.

Another bunch of ancient Roman sculptures are the Campana Reliefs.

These were small art tiles that were at the top of walls below the roof.
They are terracotta reliefs.
Terracotta is clay that was baked and cooled when it hardened.
A relief is a sculpture that is connected to the background.


(from: wikipedia - campana reliefs)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Houses at L'Estaque - Braque

Saturday, September 3, 2016

Arch of Constantine


We just learned about the Ara Pacis.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is the Arch of Constantine, in Rome Italy.
It is a large cement arch that is over 60 feet tall and over 80 feet wide.

This was built to honor the Emperor Constantine, and has many sculptures of soldiers and battles from the bottom to the top.

Many of the stone statues are twice as tall as a person.


(from: wikipedia - arch of constantine)


(from: wikipedia - arch of constantine)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Farewell - August Macke

Saturday, August 27, 2016

Ara Pacis


We just learned about the ancient Roman sculpture the Capitoline Brutus.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is the Ara Pacis, which means "Altar of Augustan Peace".

This was a sculpted building made for the mythical Roman god of peace named Pax.
The building is over thirty feet wide and thirty feet tall.


(from: wikipedia - ara pacis)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: The Tower of Blue Horses - Franz Marc

Saturday, August 20, 2016

Capitoline Brutus


We just learned about the Roman Sculpture Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus.

Another Roman sculpture was Capitoline Brutus.
It is a bronze statue of a head and shoulders, called a bust.

This statue was of an ancient Roman person named Lucius Junius Brutus.
He was an important person in Rome hundreds of years ago, when the country decided to get rid of their kings, and instead have a bunch of people running the country that were chosen by the people.



(from: wikipedia - capitoline brutus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: When Will You Marry? - Gauguin

Saturday, August 13, 2016

Trajan's Column


We just learned about the the ancient Roman sculpture the Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus.

Another ancient Roman sculpture is Trajan's Column.

During the time when Rome was at war, sometimes they would make large sculptures and columns to celebrate battle victories.

This tall cylinder column was made for a Roman Emperor named Trajan.
There is a statue of him at the top, and the outside of the column has carvings showing his army winning battles.


(from: wikipedia - trajan's column)


(from: wikipedia - trajan's column)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: La Blanchisseuse - Toulouse-Lautrec

Saturday, August 6, 2016

Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus


We just learned about the Alexander Sarcophagus sculpture.

A famous sculpture from the Roman art period is the Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus.

It is split up into three parts.

The first part on the left is the census, where the Roman person in charge took notes of every person in town, where they lived and what they did.


(from: wikipedia - altar of domitius ahenobarbus)

The second part is where some animals are being given as sacrifices to the mythical Roman gods.


(from: wikipedia - altar of domitius ahenobarbus)

The last part on the right is soldiers with horses.


(from: wikipedia - altar of domitius ahenobarbus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Le Pont de Moret, effet d’orage - Sisley

Saturday, July 30, 2016

Alexander Sarcophagus


We just learned about the sculpture Lady in Blue.

Another famous sculpture is the Alexander Sarcophagus.

A sarcophagus is like a very fancy coffin, a place where the body of someone rich or powerful was buried after they died.
If someone was very famous, their sarcophagus would have a lot of art and sculptures on it.

This one was made of marble, and has some marks on it showing that it was painted in color long ago but has faded.

The carvings tell a story of Alexander the Great fighting the Persians, over 2,300 years ago.



(from: wikipedia - alexander sarcophagus)


Kid Facts - Blast from the past: Le Boulevard de Montmartre, Matinée de Printemps - Pissarro